Civil services Exam preparation is one of the toughest preparation due to its wide scope of the syllabus. We at Oliveboard have been providing you IAS notes on various topics to assist the Civil Services Exam preparation of lakhs of serious aspirants. Today, to help with the Civil Services Exam preparation we have prepared notes on one of the Important topics of social issues part of UPSC syllabus – Malnutrition.
Civil Services Exam preparation – Malnutrition in India
The following blog contains everything you need to know about Malnutrition in India for your Civil Services Exam Preparation. We hope this is a valuable addition to your Civil Services Exam Preparation.
Civil Services Exam preparation: What is Malnutrition?
WHO has defined Malnutrition in the following words:
“Malnutrition refers to deficiencies, excesses or imbalances in a person’s intake of energy and/or nutrients. The term malnutrition covers 2 broad groups of conditions. One is ‘undernutrition’—which includes stunting (low height for age), wasting (low weight for height), underweight (low weight for age) and micronutrient deficiencies or insufficiencies (a lack of important vitamins and minerals). The other is overweight, obesity and diet-related noncommunicable diseases (such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes and cancer).”
Civil Services Exam preparation: Malnutrition – How big is it?
As per the National Family Health Survey (NFHS)-4 following are the finding of the Extent of Malnutrition in India
- Due to acute undernutrition, 21% of Children aged between 0 to 5 years in India suffer from wasting.
- In India, 38.7% of children are stunted and the percentage of children aged 0 to 5 years who are underweight is a 36%.
- India is home to 3 out of 10 children suffering from Stunted growth in the world.
- 53% of women in India suffer from Anaemia (Haemoglobin below 11.0 g/dl), the percentage of children is 58% for the same
- The 2017 Global Hunger Index (GHI) Report ranked India 97th out of 118 countries with a serious hunger situation.
Civil Services Exam preparation: Malnutrition – What causes it?
Following are the various factors which are responsible for such widespread Malnutrition in India. These factors have been derived from the National Family Health Survey (NFHS)-4.
- Mother’s health related factors like her weight, her Haemoglobin levels, and the age at which they give childbirth etc.
- Micronutrient intake, breastfeeding practices, etc which are determined by schooling and education of the mother.
- Availability of clean drinking water, open defecation, open drains and other factors which deal with Hygiene and Sanitation
- Poverty levels which have a direct impact on social economic well-being
- immunization coverage extent and Incidence of diseases.
Civil Services Exam preparation: Malnutrition – How it affects India?
Malnutrition Impacts the Indian Population in Many ways, following are some of the direct and indirect Effects.
- The nation’s productivity is impacted because the population is more prone to diseases leading to higher mortality rate and morbidity because of Malnutrition.
- A country’s economic and fiscal resources are burdened because of High Disease Incidence.
- Malnutrition impacts a child’s basic learning and cognitive skills which has a very negative impact for a country like India who is aiming to be a knowledge-driven economy
- Inequality of Income and an increase in poverty levels is also an effect of malnutrition.
Civil Services Exam preparation: Malnutrition: What is the Government doing?
Government of India has been taking the fight against Malnutrition quite seriously and have picked significant steps. Few of these steps have been listed below –
- MAA initiative – Which aims to promote exclusive breastfeeding by mothers during the initial few months after childbirth.
- To promote institutional deliveries, supporting pregnant and lactating mothers, providing information related to nutrient intake to mothers following schemes are run by the govt – PM Surakshit Matriva Abhiyan, PM Matru Vandana Yojana, Kilkari project, IGMSY, etc.
- To increase immunization among children and women, mission Indradhanush is launched
- To address the issue of hunger among children from poor families, schemes like National Food Security Mission, Mid Day Meal etc are run by the government.
- To address the issue of deficiency of micronutrient Government is promoting research on the filed of biofortification of crops.
- To promote clean, hygienic and sanitary health practices, a joint initiative between and MoDWS and MHFW called Swachha Swastha Sarvatra is also launched
Continuing the fight against Malnutrition, Government of India has launched the National Nutrition Mission on the International Women’s Day i.e. March 8th,2018 in Jhunjhunu district of Rajasthan.
Features of National Nutrition Mission (NNM)
- Under Ministry of Women and Child Development, National Nutrition Mission will be an apex body which will oversee the implementation of the complete programme.
- An amount Rs 9050 Crores has been allotted for the project for a period of three years beginning from 2018.
- The mission aims to benefit close to 10 Crore people.
- With the aim to cover worst-performing districts in terms of nutrition, the National Nutrition Mission will be launched in three phases.
Targets under the Mission
- The first target of the mission is to Reduce Stunting to 25% from the current levels of from 38.4% (NFHS-4) by 2022.
- Reduce stunting, undernutrition, anaemia and low birth weight by 2%,2%,3% and 2% per annum respectively.
The National Nutrition Mission will focus on on the first 1000 days of a child i.e. the initial formative period when nutrition interventions can be most effective.
Aim of the Mission
To utilize the full potential of India’s demographic dividend the National Nutrition Mission will aim to improve basic nutrition levels of the Indian population
This brings to the end of the blog – Civil Services Exam preparation – Malnutrition in India. We hope you like our attempt to assist you with your Civil Services Exam Preparation.
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