With approximately a month to go for the SBI exams 2018, it’s time to put your preparation in the final gear. The SBI PO prelims will be held on 1, 7 and 8 July and the SBI Clerk prelims are scheduled to be held on 23rd, 24th, 30th June.
The time is ripe to strengthen your basics, revise and take multiple mocks, thereby bolstering your preparation. Remember, consistency is the key to success!
In this article, we bring to you a sample video lesson and some notes on one of the most important topics in the SBI exams, i.e. error spotting. One can expect 5-10 error spotting questions in the exam. Also, it is one of those topics which students find quite tricky as it’s foundations lie in the basics of English grammar.
Watch the following video, which is a part of our new, Video Crash Course, to:
- solve error spotting questions with an expert
- understand the underlying concepts
- learn question-solving techniques like option elimination
Some Grammar Rules For Error Spotting Questions
1. For a positive statement, the question tag used is negative and vice-versa. These type of sentences are usually used to say something and then ask for confirmation. For eg:
- It’s very hot outside, is it? (incorrect)
- It’s very hot outside, isn’t it? (correct)
2. In a sentence, a subject must always be in agreement with the verb. They both must either be plural or singular. For eg:
- Women is riding horses. (incorrect)
- Women are riding horses. (correct)
3. Collective nouns take a singular verb. Although collective nouns refer to multiple things, they take a singular verb (as they collectively represent only one entity). Note that there are a few exceptions to the rule (poultry, cattle etc.) For eg:
- The class were summoned by the Principal. (Incorrect)
- The class is summoned by the Principal. (Correct)
4. When the subjects are linked with ‘and’, they take a plural verb. When subjects are linked with ‘or’, they take a singular verb. The rationale behind this is, when linking with ‘and’ both things are involved and thus the subject becomes plural and takes a plural verb. whereas when linking with ‘or’ only one thing is taken into consideration and thus the subject becomes singular and takes a singular noun. For eg:
- The SBI PO and the SBI Clerk are prestigious exams.
- The cat or the dog has gone missing.
5. Sentences beginning with every, each or everyone take a singular verb. For eg:
- Everyone are allowed to take the free trial. (incorrect)
- Everyone is allowed to take the free trial. (correct)
6. Comparisons should be made between similar entities. For eg:
- The malleability of gold is more than iron. (incorrect)
- The malleability of gold is more than that of iron. (correct)
In the first example, the comparison is made between malleability of gold and iron. Whereas, going by the above-stated rule the comparison should be made between the malleability of gold and malleability of iron. Thus, the second sentence is correct.
7. For drawing comparisons, when the comparative degree is used the entity compared is excluded from the rest of the class. Whereas when the superlative degree is used for comparison, the entity compared is included along with the rest of the class.
- This year’s exam paper was more difficult the any of the previous years’ papers.
- This year’s exam paper was the most difficult among all the previous years’ papers.
8. ‘When’ denotes a general sense and ‘while’ implies a time duration of doing something. For eg:
- When preparing for a competitive exam, giving and analyzing mocks is of utmost importance. (incorrect)
- While preparing for a competitive exam, giving and analyzing mocks is of utmost importance. (correct)
9. Normally ‘than’ is used in the comparative degree, but with words like superior, inferior, senior, junior, prior, anterior, posterior and prefer ‘to’ is used. For eg:
- Prior than working here, she used to work with an MNC. (incorrect)
- Prior to working here, she used to work with an MNC. (correct)
10. The preposition ‘off’ denotes separation, at a distance from or far from whereas the preposition ‘of‘ denotes cause, origin, quality, possession. For eg:
- The drone flew of the desired course. (incorrect)
- The drone flew off the desired course. (correct) (indicates distance)
It’s a must to practice a good number of error spotting questions to get in tune with these rules and thus to be able to solve them efficiently.
Hope this helps. All the best!