Nobel Prizes are an important topic of the General Awareness section of all the major Government and Banking Exams like UPSC, SSC-CGL, SEBI, IBPS, RRB, etc. every year. Questions have been asked about the winners and their inventions in all the fields viz Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Literature, Peace and Economics. In this General Awareness Notes blog, we will be providing you with all the information you need to know about the 2018 Medicine Nobel Prize. So, let us begin –
2018 Medicine Nobel Prize: And the winners are…..
US Scientist James P Allison and Tasuka Honjo from Japan have been jointly awarded the 2018 Medicine Nobel Prize on 1st October 2018.
(Source – https://twitter.com/NobelPrize)
2018 Medicine Nobel Prize: About the Winners
James P Allison – He is a well-known scientist and immunologist born in 1948. He completed his PhD in 1973 from the University of Texas. He is a founding member of the Academy of Cancer Immunology started in 1998. He has dedicated his life to finding a cure for Cancer.
Tasuka Honjo – He was born in Kyoto, Japan in 1942. He had completed his MD in Medicine in 1966 and PhD in Medical Chemistry in 1975 from Kyoto University. His work in the field of cancer treatment is very well known all over the world.
2018 Medicine Nobel Prize: Inventions
James P. Allison and Tasuku Honjo have been awarded the 2018 Medicine Nobel Prize “for their discovery of cancer therapy by inhibition of negative immune regulation”. The press release by the 2018 Medicine Nobel Prize committee explains their inventions in the following words –:
“Cancer kills millions of people every year and is one of humanity’s greatest health challenges. By stimulating the inherent ability of our immune system to attack tumor cells this year’s Nobel Laureates have established an entirely new principle for cancer therapy.
James P. Allison studied a known protein that functions as a brake on the immune system. He realized the potential of releasing the brake and thereby unleashing our immune cells to attack tumors. He then developed this concept into a brand new approach for treating patients.
In parallel, Tasuku Honjo discovered a protein on immune cells and, after careful exploration of its function, eventually revealed that it also operates as a brake, but with a different mechanism of action. Therapies based on his discovery proved to be strikingly effective in the fight against cancer.
Allison and Honjo showed how different strategies for inhibiting the brakes on the immune system can be used in the treatment of cancer. The seminal discoveries by the two Laureates constitute a landmark in our fight against cancer.”
That is all from us in this blog on 2018 Medicine Nobel Prize. We hope you liked reading the information about the winners and their inventions provided above. We also hope that it is a valuable addition to your General Awareness notes for all the major Government and Banking Exams. All the best
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