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Modern History: Important Dates and Events

Modern History Important Dates

History is the combined study of ancient, medieval and modern periods. Prominent historical events have shaped up our current situations in a very broadway. History is an important part of the General Awareness Section and covers a good number of questions in various bank and government exams like RRB NTPC, RRB JESSC CGLSSC CPO, SBI POSBI ClerkLIC AAO, etc. In this blog – Modern History Important Dates we will be discussing the events that occurred in the past and will also list Important dates and events of Gandhi Era.

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Modern History Important Dates

Find the List of Modern History Important Dates and Events Occurred

Year Events
1765 Clive was appointed Company’s Governor in India.
1780 Birth of Maharaja Ranjit Singh.
1784 Pitt’s India Act.
1790-92 Third Anglo-Mysore War.
1793 The Permanent Settlement of Bengal.
1799 Fourth Anglo-Mysore War and  Death of Tipu Sultan.
1802 Treaty of Bassein.
1809 Treaty of Amritsar.
1829 Practice of Sati prohibited.
1830 Raja Rammohan Roy visits England.
1833 Raja Rammohan Roy Died at Bristol, England.
1839 Death of Maharaja Ranjit Singh.
1853 First Railway line opened between Bombay and Thane and a Telegraph line in Calcutta.
1857  First War of Independence taken place in India.
1861 Birth of Rabindranath Tagore.
1869 Birth of Mahatma Gandhi.
1885 Foundation of Indian National Congress.
1889 Birth of Jawaharlal Nehru.
1897 Birth of Subhash Chandra Bose.
1903 Tibet Expedition (Young Husband delegation).
1905 Partition of Bengal by Lord Curzon.
1906 Foundation of Muslim League laid down by Salimullah at Dhaka.
1911 Delhi Darbar, King and Queen visited India and  Delhi becomes the capital of India.
1914 World War I began.
1916 Lucknow Pact signed between Congress and Muslim League.
1918 World War I ended.
1919 Montague-Chelmsford Reforms introduced, Jallianwala Bagh massacre at Amritsar.
1920 Khilafat Movement launched.
1927 Boycott of Simon Commission.
1928 Death of Lala Lajpat Rai.
1929 Resolution of ‘Poorna Swaraj’ (complete independence) was passed at the Lahore Session of Indian National Congress.
1930 Dandi March by Mahatma Gandhi (April 6, 1930), Civil disobedience movement launched.
1931 Gandhi-Irwin Pact.
1935 Government of India Act passed.
1937 Provincial Autonomy, ‘Congress forms ministries.
1939 World War II begins (September 3).
1941 Escape of Subhash Chandra Bose from India, Death of Rabindranath Tagore.
1942 Cripps Mission arrived in India, Quit India movement launched on August 8.
1943-44 Bengal famine.
1945 Trial of Indian National Army at Red Fort; Shimla Conference; World War II ended.
1946 British Cabinet Mission visited India, Interim government formed at the Centre.
1947 Division of India; India & Pakistan became separate independent dominions.

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Modern History Important Dates: Gandhi Era

Find the full list of Modern History Important Dates and Events.

Important Years Events
1893 Departure of Gandhi to South Africa.
1894 Foundation of Natal Indian Congress.
1899 Foundation of Indian Ambulance Core during Boer Wars.
1904 Foundation of Indian Opinion (magazine) and Phoenix Farm, at Phoenix, near Durban.
1906 First Civil Disobedience Movement (Satyagraha) against Asiatic Ordinance in Transvaal.
1907 Satyagraha against Compulsory Registration and Passes for Asians (The Black Act) in Transvaal.
1908 Trial and imprisonment-Johannesburg Jail (First Jail Term).
1910 Foundation of Tolstoy Farm (Later-Gandhi Ashrama), near Johannesburg.
1913 Satyagraha against derecognition of non-Christian marriages in Cape Town.
1914 Awarded Kaisar-i-Hind for raising an Indian Ambulance Core during Boer wars
1915 Arrived in Bombay (India) on 9 January 1915; Foundation of Satyagraha Ashrama at Kocharab near Ahmedabad (20 May). In 1917, Ashrama shifted at the banks of Sabarmati;
1916 Abstain from active politics (though he attended Lucknow session of INC held in 26–30 December, 1916, where Raj Kumar Shukla, a cultivator from Bihar, requested him to come to Champaran.)
1917 Gandhi entered active politics with the Champaran campaign to redress grievances of the cultivators oppressed by Indigo planter of Bihar (April 1917). Champaran Satyagraha was his first Civil Disobedience Movement in India.
1918 In February 1918, Gandhi launched the struggle in Ahmedabad which involved industrial workers. Hunger strike as a weapon was used for the first time by Gandhi during Ahmedabad’s struggle. In March 1918, Gandhi worked for peasants of Kheda in Gujarat who were facing difficulties in paying the rent owing to the failure of crops. Kheda Satyagraha was his first Non-cooperation Movement.
1919 Gandhi gave a call for Satyagraha against the Rowlatt Act on April 6, 1919, and took the command of the nationalist movement for the first time (First all-India Political Movement), Gandhi returns Kaisar-i-Hind gold medal as a protest against Jallianwala Bagh massacre-April 13, 1919; The All India Khilafat Conference elected Gandhi as its president (November 1919, Delhi).
1920-22 Gandhi leads the Non-Cooperation and Khilafat Movement (August 1, 1920–February 1922), Gandhi calls off Movement (Feb. 12, 1922), after the violent incident at Chauri-Chaura on February 5, 1922. Non-Co-operation Movement was the First mass-based politics under Gandhi.
1924 Belgaum (Karnataka) session of INC–for the first and the last time Gandhi was elected the president of the Congress.
1925–27 Gandhi retires from active politics for the first time and devotes himself to ‘constructive program’ of the Congress; Gandhi resumes active politics in 1927.
1930–34 Gandhi launches the Civil Disobedience Movement with his Dandi march/Salt Satyagraha (First Phase: March 12, 1930–March 5, 1931; Gandhi-Irwin Pact: March 5, 1931; Gandhi attends the Second Round Table Conference in London as sole representative of the Congress: September 7-December. 1, 1931; Second Phase: January 3, 1932-April 17, 1934).
1934–39 Sets up Sevagram (Vardha Ashram).
1940–41 Gandhi launches Individual Satyagraha Movement.
1942 Call to Quit India Movement for which Gandhi raised the slogan, ‘Do or Die’ (Either free India or die in the attempt), Gandhi and all Congress leaders arrested (August 9, 1942).
1942–44 Gandhi kept in detention at the Aga Khan Palace, near Pune (August 9, 1942-May, 1944). Gandhi lost his wife Kasturba (February 22, 1944) and private secretary Mahadev Desai; this was Gandhi’s last prison term.
1946 Deeply distressed by theory of communal violence, as a result, Muslim League’s Direct Action call, Gandhi traveled to Noakhali (East Bengal-now Bangladesh) and later on to Calcutta to restore communal peace.
1947 Gandhi, deeply distressed by the Mountbatten Plan/Partition Plan (June 3, 1947), while staying in Calcutta to restore communal violence, observes complete silence on the dawn of India’s Independence (August 15, 1947). Gandhi returns to Delhi (September 1947).
1948 Gandhi was shot dead by Nathu Ram Godse, a member of RSS, while on his way to the evening prayer meeting at Birla House, New Delhi (January 30, 1948).

 

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