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List of Nobel Prize Winners 2019: Read all about it

Nobel Prize Winners 2019 1

Nobel Prizes are the prizes awarded annually by the respective institutes in different fields – Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Physics, Chemistry and Economics, the Swedish Academy in Literature, the Karolinska Institue in Physiology or Medicine, and the Norwegian Nobel Committee in Peace. They are awarded to organizations and individuals for their outstanding performance in the above-mentioned fields. Nobel Prizes are an important topic of the General Awareness section of all the major Government and Banking Exams like UPSCSSC CGL, SEBIIBPSRRB, IBPS PO, SBI PO, etc. Every year Questions have been asked about the winners and their inventions in all the fields viz Physics, Chemistry, Medicine, Literature, Peace, and Economics. In this blog, we will be providing you with all the information you need to know about the Nobel Prize Winners 2019. So, let us begin –

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Nobel Prize Winners 2019

THE NOBEL PRIZE WINNERS 2019 IN PHYSICS ARE

  1. JAMES PEEBLES
  2. MICHEL MAYOR &
  3. DIDIER QUELOZ.

The Nobel prize is awarded “for contributions to our understanding of the evolution of the universe and Earth’s place in the cosmos” with one half to James Peebles “for theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology”, the other half jointly to Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz “for the discovery of an exoplanet orbiting a solar-type star.”

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About the winners

  1. JAMES PEEBLES:
  • The Nobel Prize in Physics 2019.
  • He was born in 1935 in Winnipeg, Canada.
  • Ph.D. in 1962 from Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA.
  • Albert Einstein Professor of Science at Princeton University, USA.
  • Prize motivation: “for theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology.”
  • Rewarded Prize Share: 1/2 of the total amount.

     2.MICHEL MAYOR:

  • The Nobel Prize in Physics 2019
  • He was born in 1942 in Lausanne, Switzerland
  • Ph.D. in 1971 from the University of Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Professor at University of Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Prize motivation: “for the discovery of an exoplanet orbiting a solar-type star.”
  • Rewarded Prize Share: 1/4 of the total amount.

     3. Didier Queloz

  • The Nobel Prize in Physics 2019.
  • He was born in1966.
  • Ph.D. 1995 from University of Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Professor at University of Geneva, Switzerland, and University of Cambridge, UK.
  • Prize motivation: “for the discovery of an exoplanet orbiting a solar-type star.”
  • Rewarded Prize Share: 1/4 of the total amount.

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THE NOBEL PRIZE WINNERS 2019 IN CHEMISTRY ARE

  1. JOHN GOODENOUGH.
  2. M. STANLEY WHITTINGHAM.
  3. AKIRA YOSHINO.

The Nobel Prize is awarded for the development of lithium-ion batteries”. This lightweight, rechargeable and powerful battery is now used in everything from mobile phones to laptops and electric vehicles. It can also store significant amounts of energy from solar and wind power, making possible a fossil fuel-free society. Through their work, they have created the right conditions for a wireless and fossil-fuel-free society, and so brought the greatest benefit to humankind.

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About the Winners

  1. JOHN GOODENOUGH: 
  • The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2019.
  • He was born in 1922 in Jena, Germany.
  • Ph.D. 1952 from the University of Chicago, USA.
  • Virginia H. Cockrell Chair in Engineering at The University of Texas at Austin, USA.
  • Prize motivation:  “for the development of lithium-ion batteries”.
  • Rewarded Prize Share: 1/3 of the total amount.

     2. M. STANLEY WHITTINGHAM

  • The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2019.
  • He was born in 1941 in the UK.
  • Ph.D.  1968 from Oxford University, UK.
  • Distinguished Professor at Binghamton University, State University of New York, USA.
  • Prize motivation:  “for the development of lithium-ion batteries”.
  • Rewarded Prize Share: 1/3 of the total amount.

     3. AKIRA YOSHINO

  • The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2019.
  • He was born in 1948 in Suita, Japan.
  • Ph.D. 2005 from Osaka University, Japan. Honorary Fellow at Asahi Kasei Corporation, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Professor at Meijo University, Nagoya, Japan.
  • Prize motivation:  “for the development of lithium-ion batteries”.
  • Rewarded Prize Share: 1/3 of the total amount.

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THE NOBEL PRIZE WINNERS 2019 IN PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE ARE

  1. WILLIAM G. KAELIN
  2. SIR PETER J. RATCLIFFE
  3. GREGG L. SEMENZA

The 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is awarded jointly “for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability.” They identified molecular machinery that regulates the activity of genes in response to varying levels of oxygen. They established the basis for our understanding of how oxygen levels affect cellular metabolism and physiological function. Their discoveries have also paved the way for promising new strategies to fight anemia, cancer and many other diseases.

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About the Winners

  1. WILLIAM G. KAELIN, JR.
  • He was born in 1957 in New York.
  • He obtained an M.D. from Duke University, Durham. He did his specialist training in internal medicine and oncology at Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, and at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston.
  • He established his own research lab at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and became a full professor at Harvard Medical School in 2002.
  • He is an Investigator of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute since 1998.
  • Prize motivation:  “for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability.”
  • Rewarded Prize Share: 1/3 of the total amount.

     2. SIR PETER J. RATCLIFFE

  • He was born in 1954 in Lancashire, United Kingdom.
  • He studied medicine at Gonville and Caius College at Cambridge University and did his specialist training in nephrology at Oxford.
  • He established an independent research group at Oxford University and became a full professor in 1996.
  • He is the Director of Clinical Research at Francis Crick Institute, London, Director for Target Discovery Institute in Oxford and Member of the Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research.
  • Prize motivation:  “for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability.”
  • Rewarded Prize Share: 1/3 of the total amount.

   3.GREGG L. SEMENZA

  • He was born in 1956 in New York.
  • He obtained his B.A. in Biology from Harvard University, Boston. He received an MD/PhD degree from the University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine, Philadelphia in 1984 and trained as a specialist in pediatrics at Duke University, Durham.
  • He did postdoctoral training at Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore where he also established an independent research group.
  • He became a full professor at Johns Hopkins University in 1999 and since 2003 is the Director of the Vascular Research Program at the Johns Hopkins Institute for Cell Engineering.
  • Prize motivation:  “for their discoveries of how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability.”
  • Rewarded Prize Share: 1/3 of the total amount.

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THE NOBEL PRIZE WINNERS 2019 & 2018 IN LITERATURE ARE

The Swedish Academy decided to award the 2018 Noble Prize in Literature to Olga Tokarczuk and the 2019 Nobel Prize in Literature to Peter Handke.

  1. Olga Tokarczuk -The Nobel Prize in Literature for 2018 is awarded to the Polish author Olga Tokarczuk “for a narrative imagination that with encyclopedic passion represents the crossing of boundaries as a form of life.”
  2. Peter Handke -The Nobel Prize in Literature for 2019 is awarded to the Austrian author Peter Handke “for an influential work that with linguistic ingenuity has explored the periphery and the specificity of human experience.”

About the Winners

1. Olga Tokarczuk 

  • The Nobel Prize in Literature 2018.
  • She was born in 1962, Sulechow, Poland
  • Prize motivation: “for a narrative imagination that with encyclopedic passion represents the crossing of boundaries as a form of life.”
  • Olga Tokarczuk received her Nobel Prize in 2019.
  • Prize share: 1/1

2Peter Handke

  • The Nobel Prize in Literature 2019
  • He was born in 1942, Griffen, Austria
  • Prize motivation: “for an influential work that with linguistic ingenuity has explored the periphery and the specificity of human experience.”
  • Prize share: 1/1

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THE NOBEL PRIZE WINNER 2019 IN PEACE IS

  1. ABIY AHMED ALI: The Nobel Peace Prize 2019 was awarded to Abiy Ahmed Ali “for his efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation, and in particular for his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with neighboring Eritrea.”

About the Winner:

  • The Nobel Peace Prize 2019
  • He was born on 15 August 1976, Beshasha, Ethiopia
  • He is the Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
  • Prize motivation: “for his efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation, and in particular for his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with neighboring Eritrea.”
  • Prize share: 1/1

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THE NOBEL PRIZE WINNERS 2019 IN ECONOMIC SCIENCES ARE

  1. ABHIJIT BANERJEE
  2. ESTHER DUFLO
  3. MICHAEL KREMER

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2019 to Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo, Michael Kremer “for their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty.” The laureates have played a decisive role in reshaping research in development economics. Their research has already helped in alleviating global poverty and has great potential to further improve the lives of the most impoverished people on the planet.

About the winners:

  1. ABHIJIT BANERJEE: 
  • The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2019
  • He was born on 21 February 1961, Mumbai, India
  •  Education: Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA, USA
  • Prize motivation: “for their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty.”
  • Prize share: 1/3

    2. ESTHER DUFLO

  • The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2019
  • She was born in 1972, Paris, France
  • Education: Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA, USA
  • Prize motivation: “for their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty.”
  • Prize share: 1/3

  3. MICHAEL KREMER

  • The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2019
  • He was born in 1964.
  • Education:  Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
  • Prize motivation: “for their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty.”
  • Prize share: 1/3

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That is all from us in this blog on Nobel Prize Winners 2019. We hope you liked reading the information about the winners and their inventions provided above. For more fresh updates and Exam related contents keep following this space.

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