Jammu and Kashmir Geography PDF | Prepare with Oliveboard

Jammu and Kashmir Geography : Questions on geography under the topic India and World Geography are commonly covered in various J & K exams. Questions pertaining to the state of Jammu and Kashmir also hold significant weightage in each section. In this blog, we have provided some important information regarding various Jammu and Kashmir Geography Features.

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Jammu and Kashmir Geography PDF | Highlights

Jammu and Kashmir Geographical extent:

  • Latitudinal extent:  32°17′ and 37°05′ N
  • Longitudinal extent: 72°31′ and 80°20′ E
  • Neighbouring states and UTs of India: Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and Ladakh
  • Neighbouring countries: Pakistan, Afghanistan, China

Important Geographical Features:


RangeLocationHighest PointImportant PassesCharacteristics
Karakoram RangeFrom Wakhan Corridor in Afghanistan in the west and extends into Ladakh and Aksai ChinMount K2 (8,611m)   Second highest mountain range in the worldKarakoram Pass, Khunjerab Pass, Shimshal PassMost heavily glaciated region outside the poles. Eg., Siachen Glacier and Biafo Glacier
Zanskar RangeKarcha (Suru) River to the upper Karnali RiverKamet Peak  (7756 m)Shipki, Lipu Lekh, and ManaIt separates Ladakh from Kashmir Valley and the Chenab River
Ladakh RangeBetween the Indus and Shyok river valleys  Average height of the range is 6000 m with no known major peak  Chorbat, Digar La,  Khardung La,  Chang La and Tsaka La   
Pir Panjal Range  It lies south of the Indus River in the Gilgit–Baltistan of PoKManimahesh Kailash Peak (5,653 m)Pir Panjal Pass, Haji Pir Pass, Banihal Pass, Rohtang La,Jawahar Tunnel through the Banihal pass in Pir Panjal mountain connects Banihal with Qazigund
Siwalik RangeBetween the Ravi and the Jhelum rivers and extend from Tista River in SikkimNanda Devi (7816 m)Mohan Pass 


  • The alluvial plains of the Jammu and Kashmir state are formed by the depositions of Chenab, Tawi, Ravi and their tributaries
  • It stretches in the southern parts of Akhnoor, Ranbirsinghpura (R.S. Pura), Samba and Kathua
  • They are traversed by numerous hill torrents, locally known as Khad


RiverOriginates fromLeft Bank TributariesRight Bank TributariesDams
IndusBokhar Chu (glacier) of Mount KailashJhelum, Beas Ravi, Sutlej Chenab, ZanskarShyok Gilgit KabulChasma Barrage, Diamer-Bhasha Dam, Guddu barrage
JhelumVernagNingal, Vishav, Romshi, Doodganga, Rambiara, and SukhnagPohru, Sandrin, Arapal, Sindh, Arapath, Bringi, and LiddarMangla dam
RaviBara Bangal near Rohtang pass in Himachal PradeshChirchind NalaBudhil, Tundahan Beljedi, Saho and SiulBassi Dam, Chamera (I, II and III) Dam, Malana I Dam
ChenabFrom by the Chandra and Bhaga rivers which rise in Lahaul and Spiti district of Himachal PradeshTawi , RaviMarusudar , JhelumBaglihar Dam, Dulhasti Dam, Salal Dam, Pakul (Proposed)
SutlejLake Rakshastal in TibetBaspaSpiti, Beas, ChenabBhakra Dam, Nangal Dam,  Kol Dam, Nathpa Jhakri Dam

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