Boosting India’s Air Defense: S-400 & LR-SAM

S-400 & LR-SAM

The Indian Air Force (IAF) has been making significant strides to bolster its air defense capabilities along the borders with China and Pakistan. This article explores the recent advancements in this effort, which include the deployment of S-400 air defense missile squadrons and the procurement of the Indian Long Range Surface Air Missile (LR-SAM) system.

India’s 2018-19 Defense Pact with Russia for S-400 Missiles

In the years 2018-19, India entered into a crucial defense pact with Russia. This agreement involved the purchase of advanced S-400 missiles worth ₹35,000 crore, with the objective of obtaining a total of five squadrons of these cutting-edge air defense systems. These squadrons are already in operation in strategically important areas. One unit is assigned to safeguard both the China and Pakistan borders, and one squadron is specifically dedicated to each of these neighboring countries.

Delays Attributed to the Russia-Ukraine Conflict: S-400

However, the delivery of the remaining two S-400 squadrons, as agreed upon in the pact, has been delayed due to the ongoing Russia-Ukraine conflict. This situation has given rise to uncertainties regarding the final delivery schedule. It has been reported that the squadrons originally intended for use in India have been redirected for Russian military operations in Ukraine, further complicating the situation.

Collaborative Efforts to Determine Delivery Schedule

Despite the challenges posed by the Russia-Ukraine conflict, Indian and Russian officials are actively working to address the issue. They are scheduled to meet soon to discuss and confirm the delivery schedule for the two outstanding S-400 missile squadrons. These discussions are of utmost importance for India’s strategic defense capabilities, and both sides are committed to ensuring the prompt deployment of these advanced air defense systems.

Project Kusha: Procurement of the Indian Long Range Surface Air Missile System

In addition to the S-400 missile deployment, India is reinforcing its commitment to fortify its defense capabilities through Project Kusha. The Indian Defense Acquisition Council has recently given the green light for the acquisition of the Indian Long Range Surface Air Missile (LR-SAM) system.

Approval for LR-SAM System Developed in Collaboration with DRDO

This decision comes after the project received approval from the Cabinet Committee on Security. The LR-SAM system, developed in collaboration with the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO), is a three-tiered long-range surface-to-air missile defense system with the capability to intercept enemy aircraft and missiles at distances of approximately 400 kilometers.

Conclusion: S-400

India’s endeavors to enhance its air defense capabilities are progressing with the deployment of S-400 missile squadrons and the procurement of the Indian Long Range Surface Air Missile (LR-SAM) system under Project Kusha. While challenges have arisen due to the Russia-Ukraine conflict, collaborative efforts between India and Russia are focused on ensuring the timely delivery of the remaining S-400 squadrons. These developments illustrate India’s dedication to strengthening its defense in the face of evolving regional challenges.


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