Static GK is a significant component of the general awareness element of many Tamil Nadu government examinations. Not only will knowing about the History of Tamil Nadu help you answer general awareness questions, but it will also broaden your understanding of the state. This can be useful in group talks and interviews as well. To help you revise this topic quickly and thoroughly, we have come up with a blog on ‘’ History of Tamil Nadu for TNPSC ’’.
Table of Contents
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History of Tamil Nadu for TNPSC | Sneak Peek
|Paleolithic age||6000 – 3000BC||Important sites: Attirampakkam, Tirunelveli, Pillayarpatti,|
|Neolithic age||Around 2500 BC||Important sites: Hingleput, Salem, North Arcot, Madurai, Tirunelveli, Villupuram, and Dharmapuri|
|Iron age||1800 – 200 BC||Blackware is peculiar to burial sites in Tamil Nadu.|
Evidence of urn burial system in Adichanallur (present Thoothukudi district).
Other important sites: Paiyampalli, Appukkalu, and other places in North Arcot, Dharmapuri, and Coimbatore districts
|Sangam age||300 BC- 300 CE||This period saw the rule by Cheras, Cholas, and Pandyas.|
The Sangam literature includes Tolkappiyam, Ettutogai, Pattuppattu, Pathinenkilkanakku, and two epics named – Silappathikaram and Manimegalai.
Three Sangams (Academy of Tamil Poets) were held in ancient Muchchangam (South India).
The First Sangam is said to have taken place at Madurai, with gods and legendary sages in attendance. This Sangam’s literary work is unavailable.
Only Tolkappiyam text is available from the Second Sangam, which was held in Kapadapuram.
Madurai also hosted the Third Sangam. A few of these Tamil literary works have survived and can be used to recreate the Sangam period’s history.
|Age of Empires|
|Cheras||200 BC – 300 CE||Capital – Vanji |
Emblem – bow and arrow
Important seaports – Tondi and Musiri
Prominent ruler: Senguttuvan (2nd century CE). He introduced the Pattini cult or the worship of Kannagi.
Other famous rulers – Perum Sorru, Udhiyan Cheralathan, Imayavaramban Nedum Cheralathan, and Cheran Senguttuvan
|Pallavas||275 – 897 CE||Reigns over southern parts of the Telugu Region and northern parts of the Tamil region |
Pallava Simhavishnu overthrows the Kalabhras in Tondaimandalam
Capital – Kancheepuram
Important rulers – Mahendravarman I (600–630 CE) and Narasimhavarman I (630–668 CE)
The Pallavas were instrumental in the transition from rock-cut architecture to stone temples
|Pandyas||590 – 920 CE |
1216 – 1345 CE
|Ruled the Southern region of modern-day Tamil Nadu|
Capital – Madurai
Earliest kings – Nediyon, Palyagasalai Mudukudumi Peruvaludhi and Mudathirumaran.
Maduraikkanji written by Mangudi Maruthanar describes the socio-economic condition of the Pandya country
|Cholas||300 BC – 1279 CE||Reigned over the modern Tiruchi district to southern Andhra Pradesh|
Capital – First located at Uraiyur and then shifted to Puhar
Emblem – Tiger
Famous king – Karikala
Pattinappalai written by Kadiyalur Uruttirangannanar depicts his life as well as military achievements (Battle of Venni, Battle of Vahaipparandalai)
Rajendra Chola III – Last ruler of the Chola dynasty
|Delhi Sultanate||1335–1378||In the short span of 43 years, the Sultanate had 8 different rulers|
Established when Jalaluddin Ahsan Khan declared his independence from the Delhi Sultanate
Muslim Moroccon explorer Ibn Batuta visited during Ghiyas-ud-Din Muhammad Damghani’s rule
Last ruler – Ala-ud-Din Sikandar Shah
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