History of Tamil Nadu for TNPSC | Download Free PDF

Static GK is a significant component of the general awareness element of many Tamil Nadu government examinations. Not only will knowing about the History of Tamil Nadu help you answer general awareness questions, but it will also broaden your understanding of the state. This can be useful in group talks and interviews as well. To help you revise this topic quickly and thoroughly, we have come up with a blog on ‘’ History of Tamil Nadu for TNPSC ’’.

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History of Tamil Nadu for TNPSC | Sneak Peek

AgeTime periodFeatures
Paleolithic age6000 – 3000BCImportant sites:  Attirampakkam, Tirunelveli, Pillayarpatti,
Neolithic ageAround 2500 BCImportant sites: Hingleput, Salem, North Arcot, Madurai, Tirunelveli, Villupuram, and Dharmapuri
Iron age1800 – 200 BCBlackware is peculiar to burial sites in Tamil Nadu.

Evidence of urn burial system in Adichanallur (present Thoothukudi district).

Other important sites: Paiyampalli, Appukkalu, and other places in North Arcot, Dharmapuri, and Coimbatore districts
Sangam age300 BC- 300 CEThis period saw the rule by Cheras, Cholas, and Pandyas.

The Sangam literature includes Tolkappiyam, Ettutogai, Pattuppattu, Pathinenkilkanakku, and two epics named – Silappathikaram and Manimegalai.

Three Sangams (Academy of Tamil Poets) were held in ancient Muchchangam (South India).

The First Sangam is said to have taken place at Madurai, with gods and legendary sages in attendance. This Sangam’s literary work is unavailable.

Only Tolkappiyam text is available from the Second Sangam, which was held in Kapadapuram.

Madurai also hosted the Third Sangam. A few of these Tamil literary works have survived and can be used to recreate the Sangam period’s history.
Age of Empires  
Cheras200 BC – 300 CECapital – Vanji

Emblem – bow and arrow

Important seaports – Tondi and Musiri

Prominent ruler: Senguttuvan (2nd century CE). He introduced the Pattini cult or the worship of Kannagi.

Other famous rulers – Perum Sorru, Udhiyan Cheralathan, Imayavaramban Nedum Cheralathan, and Cheran Senguttuvan
Pallavas275 – 897 CEReigns over southern parts of the Telugu Region and northern parts of the Tamil region

Pallava Simhavishnu overthrows the Kalabhras in Tondaimandalam

Capital – Kancheepuram

Important rulers – Mahendravarman I (600–630 CE) and Narasimhavarman I (630–668 CE)

The Pallavas were instrumental in the transition from rock-cut architecture to stone temples
Pandyas590 – 920 CE
1216 – 1345 CE
Ruled the Southern region of modern-day Tamil Nadu

Capital – Madurai

Earliest kings – Nediyon, Palyagasalai Mudukudumi Peruvaludhi and Mudathirumaran.

Maduraikkanji written by Mangudi Maruthanar describes the socio-economic condition of the Pandya country
Cholas300 BC – 1279 CEReigned over the modern Tiruchi district to southern Andhra Pradesh

Capital – First located at Uraiyur and then shifted to Puhar

Emblem – Tiger

Famous king – Karikala

Pattinappalai written by Kadiyalur Uruttirangannanar depicts his life as well as military achievements (Battle of Venni, Battle of Vahaipparandalai)

Rajendra Chola III – Last ruler of the Chola dynasty
Delhi Sultanate1335–1378In the short span of 43 years, the Sultanate had 8 different rulers

Established when Jalaluddin Ahsan Khan declared his independence from the Delhi Sultanate

Muslim Moroccon explorer Ibn Batuta visited during Ghiyas-ud-Din Muhammad Damghani’s rule

Last ruler – Ala-ud-Din Sikandar Shah

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