NDA Syllabus & Exam Pattern 2023 for Paper 1 & 2

NDA Syllabus

NDA Syllabus 2023: NDA 2 2023 notification has been released on 17th may 2023. Candidate can check the latest CDS syllabus and CDS exam pattern 2023 in this article.

NDA Syllabus 2023

The NDA (National Defence Academy) syllabus is designed to assess the candidates’ knowledge, aptitude, and intellectual capabilities. It covers a wide range of subjects to ensure a comprehensive evaluation. The syllabus consists of two main sections: Mathematics and General Ability Test (GAT).

The Mathematics section includes topics like Algebra, Trigonometry, Geometry, Statistics, and Calculus. The GAT section covers English, General Knowledge, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, History, Geography, Current Affairs, and basic Mental Ability.

Candidates need to have a thorough understanding of these subjects to excel in the NDA examination. Adequate preparation and a structured study plan are essential to cover the vast syllabus effectively.

NDA Syllabus 2023 – Overview

Name of the ExamNational Defence Academy Exam or NDA exam
Exam Conducting BodyUnion Public Service Commission, UPSC
Frequency of NDA ExamTwo times a year (NDA 1 & NDA 2)
Selection ProcessWritten Test Intelligence & Personality Test (SSB)
Mode of examOffline (Pen and Paper mode)
Total Papers in NDA ExamMathematics General Ability Test (GAT)
Total Marks for NDA ExamTotal: 900 Marks Mathematics: 300 Marks GAT: 600 Marks
Total No. of QuestionsMathematics: 120 GAT: 150
Negative MarkingMathematics: -0.83 GAT: -1.33 marks
Exam DurationMathematics: 2 Hours 30 Minutes GAT: 2 Hours 30 Minutes

NDA Exam Pattern 2023

SubjectPaperTotal no. of QuestionsDuration of ExamMaximum Marks
Mathematics11202.5 Hours300
General Ability Test (GAT)21502.5 Hours600

NDA Exam Pattern for Paper 1

Total Marks300 Marks
Total No. of Questions120
Correct Answer2.5 marks
Marks deducted for the wrong answer– 0.83
Total duration of Mathematics Paper2 Hours 30 Minutes

NDA Syllabus 2023 – Maths

The NDA mathematics syllabus is designed to assess the candidates’ mathematical aptitude and problem-solving skills. It covers a wide range of topics, including Algebra, Matrices and Determinants, Trigonometry, Analytical Geometry, Differential Calculus, Integral Calculus, Differential Equations, Vector Algebra, Statistics, and Probability.

Candidates are expected to have a strong foundation in these mathematical concepts and be able to apply them to solve complex problems. Thorough preparation and practice in these topics are crucial to perform well in the mathematics section of the NDA examination.

Candidates should focus on understanding the concepts, mastering problem-solving techniques, and practicing with a variety of mathematical problems.

Name of TopicNDA Maths Syllabus
AlgebraSet concept, Sets operations, Venn diagrams, Laws of De Morgan, Cartesian product, Relations, Equivalence relation, Real number representation on a line, Complex numbers – basic properties, module, argument, cube roots, Binary number system, Conversion to the binary system of a number in the decimal system and vice versa, Progressions in arithmetic, geometry, and harmony, Solution of linear inequations of two variables by graphs, Permutation and Combination, Binomial theorem and its applications, Logarithms and their applications.
Matrices and DeterminantsMatrix types, Operations, The determinant of a matrix, Determinants’ properties, Application-Solution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns by the Cranmer’s Rule and by the Matrix method, etc.
TrigonometryAngles and their degree and measurements, Trigonometric ratios, Sum of trigonometric identities and formulas, Multiple angles and sub-multiples, Trigonometric functions & their inverse, Applications-Height and Distance, Triangle Properties.
Analytical geometry of two and three dimensionsThe Cartesian Rectangular Coordinate System, Formula of distance, Equation of a line in different shapes, Two lines of angle, A point’s distance from a line, Standard and general equation of a circle, parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola, A conic’s eccentricity and axis, Point the distance between two points in a three-dimensional space, Cosines of direction and ratios of direction, Two points of the equation, Cosines of direction and ratios of direction, A plane equation and a line in different forms, Two lines of the angle between two planes, Sphere’s equation, etc.
Differential calculusConcept of a valued function – a function’s domain, range, and graph, Composite functions, one by one, on, and vice versa, Limit notion, default limits — examples, Continuity of functions— examples, Continuous functional algebraic operations, Function derivative at a point, geometric and physical interpretation of an application derivative, Summary derivatives, product, and function quotient derivatives, function derivatives for another function, 20 composite function derivatives, Derivatives of the second order. Increasing and diminishing functions, Application of derivatives in maxima and minima problems, etc.
Integral Calculus and Differential EquationsDifferentiation and integration, standard integrals with algebraic expressions, trigonometric, exponential, and hyperbolic functions.Definite integrals — determination of areas of curved plane regions — applications, General and particular solutions of differential equations, Solutions of the first order, and 1st-degree differential equations of various types—examples, Applications in problems of growth and decay.
Vector Algebra2D and 3D vectors, vector magnitude, and direction, Unit and null vectors, vector adding, scalar-vector multiplication, scalar product or dot product, vector product, or cross product, Applications — work done through force and moment of force and in geometric problems.
Statistics & ProbabilityStatistics: data classification, distribution of frequencies, the cumulative distribution of frequencies — examples, Examples of graphic representation— histogram, pie chart, polygon frequency. Central tendency measurements — mean, median, and mode. Variance and deviation of standard — determination, and comparison, Correlation and regression, Sample space, events, exhaustive events & mutually exclusive, impossible and certain events associated with random experiments, results and associated, Union and events intersection, Complementary, composite, and elementary events, Probability, Bayes Theorem, Random variable on a sample space as a function, Binomial distribution, examples of random experiments, the binomial distribution.

NDA Exam Pattern for Paper 2

Total Marks for GAT Paper600 marks
Total No. of Questions150 Questions
Total questions in English50 Questions
Total Questions in GK100 Questions
Total Marks for English200 marks
Total Marks for GK400 marks
Marks for Correct Answer4 marks in each section
Marks for Incorrect Answer-1.33 marks in each section
Total Duration of GAT Paper2 Hours 30 Minutes

NDA Syllabus 2023 – English

The NDA English syllabus aims to assess the candidates’ language proficiency, comprehension skills, and grammatical knowledge. It covers topics such as grammar rules, vocabulary, comprehension passages, sentence formation, synonyms and antonyms, idioms and phrases, and basic reading comprehension.

Candidates should focus on improving their reading and comprehension abilities, expanding their vocabulary, and practicing grammar rules to excel in the English section of the NDA examination.

Grammar & usage
Comprehension & cohesion
Spotting of errors
Para Jumbling
Fill in the blanks
Synonyms & Antonyms
Cloze Test
Idioms & Proverbs
Completion of Sentence & Para
Sentence Correction & Improvement

NDA Syllabus 2023 – Chemistry

The NDA chemistry syllabus includes fundamental concepts of chemistry, covering topics like atomic structure, chemical bonding, states of matter, chemical reactions, acids and bases, electrochemistry, organic chemistry, and environmental chemistry. Candidates should have a solid understanding of these concepts and be able to apply them to solve problems and analyze chemical phenomena. Thorough preparation and practice in these areas are essential to excel in the chemistry section of the NDA examination.

Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon Dioxide, Oxidation and Reduction.
Acids, bases and salts.
Carbon— different forms
Physical and Chemical Changes
Fertilisers—Natural and Artificial
Material used in the preparation of substances like Soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches, and Gunpowder
Mixtures and Compounds
Elementary ideas about the structure of Atom
Symbols, Formulae, and simple Chemical Equation
Atomic Equivalent and Molecular Weights
Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems)
Properties of Air and Water

NDA Syllabus 2023 – Physics

The NDA physics syllabus covers fundamental principles and concepts in physics, including mechanics, thermodynamics, optics, electromagnetism, modern physics, and nuclear physics. Candidates are expected to have a sound understanding of these topics and apply them to solve problems. Thorough preparation and practice in physics are essential for success in the NDA examination.

Physical Properties and States of Matter
Density and Specific Gravity
Principle of Archimedes
Pressure Barometer
Motion of objects
Velocity and Acceleration
Newton’s Laws of Motion
Force and Momentum
Parallelogram of Forces
Stability and Equilibrium of bodies
Elementary ideas of work
Power and Energy
Effects of Heat
Measurement of Temperature and Heat
Modes of transference of Heat
Sound waves and their properties
Simple musical instruments
Rectilinear propagation of Light
Reflection and refraction
Spherical mirrors and Lenses
Human Eye
Natural and Artificial Magnets
Properties of a Magnet
Earth as a Magnet
Static and Current Electricity
Conductors and Non-conductors
Ohm’s Law
Simple Electrical Circuits
Heating, Lighting and Magnetic effects of Current
Measurement of Electrical Power
Primary and Secondary Cells
Use of X-Rays

NDA Syllabus 2023 – General Science

The General Science syllabus for NDA encompasses various scientific disciplines, including physics, chemistry, biology, and environmental science. It focuses on fundamental concepts, principles, and applications of these subjects. Candidates are expected to have a basic understanding of scientific principles and their real-world implications. Thorough preparation and knowledge in general science are crucial to perform well in the NDA examination.

Common Epidemics, their causes and prevention
Food-Source of Energy for man
Constituents of food
Balanced Diet
The Solar System-Meteors and Comets, Eclipses. Achievements of Eminent Scientists
Difference between the living and non-living
Basis of Life—Cells, Protoplasms and Tissues
Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals
Elementary knowledge of the Human Body and its important organs

NDA Syllabus 2023 – History

The History syllabus for NDA includes significant events, developments, and personalities from ancient, medieval, and modern history. It covers topics such as ancient civilizations, medieval kingdoms, the Indian freedom struggle, world wars, post-independence India, and global historical events. Candidates should have a comprehensive understanding of these historical aspects to excel in the history section of the NDA examination.

Forces shaping the modern world: The Renaissance
Exploration and Discovery; War of American Independence, French Revolution, Industrial Revolution and Russian Revolution
Impact of Science and Technology on Society
Concept of one World
United Nations, Panchsheel, Democracy, Socialism and Communism
Role of India in the present world
A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilisation
Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi
Freedom Movement in India
Elementary study of Indian Constitution and Administration
Elementary knowledge of Five Year Plans of India
Panchayati Raj
Co-operatives and Community Development
Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare State

NDA Syllabus 2023 – Geography

The Geography syllabus for NDA covers both physical and human geography. It includes topics such as landforms, climate, natural resources, population, agriculture, industries, transportation, and regional geography. Candidates should have a good grasp of geographical concepts, spatial understanding, and knowledge of various regions to perform well in the Geography section of the NDA examination.

Latitudes and Longitudes
Concept of time
International Date Line
Movements of Earth and their effects
Origin of Earth. Rocks and their classification
Weathering—Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and Volcanoes
Earth’s Functioning – Ocean Currents, Tides, Atmosphere and its composition, Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure, Planetary Winds, Cyclones and Anticyclones, Humidity, Condensation and Precipitation
Types of Climates
Major Natural regions of the World
Regional Geography of India—Climate, Natural vegetation. Mineral and Power resources; location and distribution of agricultural and Industrial activities
Important Sea ports and main sea, land and air routes of India
Main items of Imports and Exports of India

NDA Syllabus 2023 – Current Affairs

  1. India’s recent significant events encompassing political, social, and economic developments that have transpired in the country in recent years.
  2. Prominent bilateral and multilateral exercises involving India with a focus on international cooperation and military partnerships.
  3. The latest global affairs and major ongoing events of international significance, impacting various regions and nations.
  4. Recent notable appointments across different sectors, including government, business, and organizations, highlighting key personnel changes.
  5. Noteworthy figures from the world of culture and sports, encompassing individuals who have made a significant impact in their respective fields on a global scale.

NDA Syllabus & NDA Exam Pattern – FAQs

Q1. Is it necessary to cover the entire NDA syllabus for each subject?

Ans. Yes, it is highly recommended to cover the entire syllabus for each subject. The NDA examination is designed to evaluate candidates’ comprehensive knowledge in various subjects. Neglecting any portion of the syllabus may put candidates at a disadvantage during the examination.

Q2. Can I refer to additional study materials apart from the recommended NDA syllabus?

Ans. While the NDA syllabus provides the primary framework for preparation, referring to additional study materials can be beneficial. It helps in gaining a deeper understanding of the topics, practicing more questions, and exploring different perspectives. However, it is important to ensure that the additional materials align with the prescribed syllabus to avoid wasting time on irrelevant content.


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