SEBI Full Form, All You Need to Know About SEBI

SEBI Full Form

The financial markets play a crucial role in the economic landscape of any country, facilitating investment, capital mobilization, and economic growth. To ensure the smooth functioning and integrity of these markets, regulatory bodies are essential. In India, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) stands as a sentinel overseeing the securities market. Let’s delve into the full form of SEBI and its significant role in regulating and safeguarding the interests of investors and the market at large.

SEBI stands for the Securities and Exchange Board of India. Established in 1988 as a non-statutory body, it gained statutory powers in 1992 with the passing of the SEBI Act. The primary objective of SEBI is to protect the interests of investors in securities and promote the development and regulation of the securities market.

Role and Functions:

SEBI serves as the watchdog of the Indian securities market, ensuring its orderly and transparent functioning. Here are some key roles and functions performed by SEBI:

  1. Regulation and Oversight:
    SEBI formulates regulations to govern various participants in the securities market, including stock exchanges, brokers, and mutual funds. It continually reviews and updates these regulations to keep pace with market developments and global best practices.
  2. Investor Protection:
    A core focus of SEBI is to safeguard the interests of investors. It ensures that investors receive accurate and timely information about securities, promoting transparency and reducing the likelihood of market manipulation.
  3. Market Development:
    SEBI works towards fostering the growth and development of the securities market. It introduces reforms and measures to enhance market efficiency, liquidity, and depth.
  4. Prevention of Insider Trading:
    SEBI plays a crucial role in preventing insider trading, a practice where individuals with access to confidential information about a company use it for personal gain in the stock market. SEBI regulations aim to maintain a level playing field for all market participants.
  5. Regulation of Intermediaries:
    SEBI regulates various intermediaries in the securities market, including stockbrokers, merchant bankers, and portfolio managers. This ensures their compliance with prescribed norms and standards.
  6. Adjudication and Grievance Redressal:
    SEBI has the authority to adjudicate disputes and take enforcement actions against market participants for violations of securities laws. It also provides a platform for investors to lodge complaints and seeks to address grievances promptly.

SEBI Regulations

SEBI’s regulatory jurisdiction extends across various entities within the securities market, encompassing corporations, intermediaries, and individuals. To achieve its objectives, SEBI performs a range of functions, covering protective, developmental, and regulatory aspects. Refer to the following list for a detailed overview of the guidelines:

  1. Regulation of the securities market, with a focus on stockbrokers, share transfer agents, registrars to an issue, underwriters, portfolio managers, investment advisers, and other intermediaries.
  2. Regulation and registration of entities such as custodians of securities, credit rating agencies (CRAs), foreign institutional investors, depository institutions, etc., through specified notifications.
  3. Promotion and regulation of self-regulatory organizations.
  4. Promotion of investors’ training and education for securities market intermediaries.
  5. Prohibition of fraudulent trade practices and promotion of a healthy environment in the securities market.
  6. Prevention of insider trading in securities.
  7. Imposition of fees and/or charges for regulating and registering activities.
  8. Monitoring and prevention of price-rigging by fraudulent investors.
  9. Solicitation of information, undertaking inspections, conducting audits, and inquiries involving stock exchanges, self-regulatory organizations, mutual funds, and other individuals associated with the securities market.
  10. Conducting research for the aforementioned purposes.
  11. Performance of other functions as prescribed.

To execute these functions and duties under the Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, SEBI is endowed with powers similar to those available to a Civil Court under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908. These powers include:

  • Discovery and production of books of accounts and other documents at the specified place and time.
  • Enforcing and summoning the attendance of individuals at the designated place and time.
  • Inspection of books, registers, and other documents of entities listed in Section 12 of the SEBI Act, such as stockbrokers, sub-brokers, share transfer agents, registrars to an issue, merchant brokers, bankers to an issue, portfolio managers, and other intermediaries associated with the securities market.

Conclusion – SEBI Full Form

In conclusion, SEBI plays a pivotal role in maintaining the integrity and efficiency of the securities market in India. Through its regulatory framework and oversight functions, it aims to instill confidence in investors, promote fair practices, and contribute to the overall stability and development of the financial markets. Understanding the full form of SEBI is just the beginning of appreciating its significant impact on the Indian financial landscape.

FAQs – SEBI Full Form

Q1: What is the full form of SEBI?

Ans: The full form of SEBI is the Securities and Exchange Board of India.

Q2: What is the full form of SEBI in Hindi?

Ans: In Hindi, the full form of SEBI is “सतर्कता और विनिमय बोर्ड ऑफ इंडिया,” which translates to the Securities and Exchange Board of India.


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