Railway Budget 2021 & Trains in India (DFCCIL Railway Study Notes PDF)

Notes on Types of Trains & Railway Budget: The DFCCIL had released a notification for the recruitment of personnel on 23rd April 2021. The online applications were accepted from 24th April 2021 to 23rd May 2021 but was later extended upto 23rd July. The Computer-based exam will be conducted in September/October. You would need to learn about the Railway Budget, the types of trains in India, etc. for the DFCCIL Exam. Our Indian Railway study notes, especially the DFCCIL study notes can help you to prepare for the DFCCIL exam. You can also download the PDF of this using the given below. So read along.

Types of Trains In India

India is a land of diversity in region, religion, language, people, culture, cuisine, and more. Indian Railways traverses this diverse terrain connecting regions, states, cities, districts, and towns. It’s the fourth largest network globally, and the tracks cover 1.2 lakh kilometres across the country with help of various Types of Trains in India. The seventh biggest employer in the world, the Indian railway has 14 lakh employees on its payroll. It provides three kinds of travel services to the people in the form of mail express trains, express trains and passenger trains. Different Types of Trains in India, like fully air-conditioned, premium trains, superfast express, metro, passenger trains, etc., are employed to serve the nation. The various Types of Trains operating under the Indian Railways are mentioned below:

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1. Rajdhani Express

These are high speed (130 to 140 km/ hr) fully air-conditioned, long-distance trains that connect New Delhi to the State Capitals or the Prominent cities of the States. There are twenty-four pairs of Rajdhani Express plying on various railway routes.

2. Duronto Express

Duronto Express, with a speed limit of 130 km/ hr, are fully air-conditioned, long-distance, super-fast trains and connect many State capitals. Some Duronto trains are non-air-conditioned too. There are twenty-six pairs of Duronto Express running on the Railway tracks.       

3. Shatabdi Express

It is one of the most popular types of trains in India. Shatabdi Express is a  day train covering short and medium distances, making round-trips on the same day. They provide only a Chair Car facility. There is a Swaran Shatabdi Express which is a luxury variety of Shatabdi Express. At present, there are twenty-five pairs of trains in this series that are serving the public.

4. Jan-Shatabdi Express

Jan Shatabdi Express are superfast day trains (top speed of 150 km/ hr) with non-air-conditioned & air-conditioned travel facilities. An economical category of this series offers AC Chair Car & Second Class seating facility.

5. Vande Bharat Express

Vande Bharat Express is a fully air-conditioned, inter-city day train. Also known as Train 18. It provides facilities like- Wi-Fi, hydraulic press doors, a fire or smoke detection and extinguishing system, CCTV cameras, snack tables, and more. This semi high-speed train runs all days of the week except for Mondays and Thursdays.

6. SamparkKranti Express

Sampark-Kranti Express are super fast trains linking the National Capital with either capital of the States or a prominent city of the state. Inexpensive, they provide high-speed, low-cost travel in air-conditioned and non-air-conditioned coaches. The maximum speed of this train is 110 km/hr.

7. Humsafar Express

Humsafar Express is an air-conditioned, three-tier long-distance train. These trains provide facilities like CCTV cameras, PA systems, smoke alarms, bio-toilets, tea and coffee vending machines, and heating and refrigeration facilities. There are LED screens on the train that display information about the stations and the train’s speed.   

8. Kavi-Guru Express

There are four pairs of trains running under this series. Launched to honour Nobel laureate- Rabindranath Tagore. One of these 4 pairs is a super fast train. 

9. GaribRath Express

Garib Rath Express are super fast (speed of 140 km/hr) air-conditioned trains that provide travel at subsidized rates. These are AC three-tier long-distance trains.

10. Tejas Express

Tejas Express can run to a capacity of 200 kilometres per hour, but their speed is restricted to 130 km/hr owing to technical reasons. These air-conditioned chair-car trains provide Wi-Fi, CCTV camera, coffee and tea vending machines, fire and smoke detection and controlling and fire extinguishing system, bio-toilets and censored water taps. An LED TV with a charger socket is also available. It has automatic entry/exit doors.

11. Rajya Rani Express

These trains connect the state capitals to major cities, which are considered significant for business, tourism and pilgrimage purposes.

12. Jan Sadharan Express

Meant for common people, these are non-reserved passenger express trains. They operate on main routes at a maximum speed of 50 km/hr.

13. Gatiman Express

The 1st semi-high speed train (maximum speed of 160 km/hr) is an air-conditioned chair car and connects Jhansi to New Delhi. The train provides facilities like GPS based information system, Wi-Fi, bio-toilets, and sliding doors. It has on board train hostesses to provide service to the passengers.

14. Vivek Express

Vivek Express launched to mark the 150th anniversary of Swami Vivekananda is a set of four trains. The series of four trains. Vivek-Express running from Dibrugarh to Kanyakumari, covers the longest rail route of India.

15. UDAY Express

UDAY Express or Utkrisht Double Decker Air-Conditioned Yatri Express is a double-decker AC chair car train for business travels. It provides facilities like Wi-Fi, passenger information screen, cafe, and food vending machine. The seating arrangement of the train is similar to the airlines. It has a maximum speed of 110 kilometres per hour.

16 Antyodaya Express

These are overnight high-speed and unreserved trains that run on the main routes of Indian Railways. They provide quick connectivity at affordable rates. Facilities like CCTV cameras, filter drinking water machine, tea, coffee, milk vending machine and bio-toilets are available.

17. Mahamana Express

Named thus to honour the memory of freedom fighter and educationist Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya. The trains have Model Rake coaches. It is a set of superfast express trains.

18.Yuva Express

Yuva Express was launched to deliver affordable AC travel to the youth of the country. As many as 60 per cent of these trains are reserved for people between 18 -45 years of age. Economically weaker sections and students are given preference.

19. Suvidha Express

Suvidha Express, also known as Premium Express, runs on the busiest rail routes. They do not provide options for reservation concessions, tatkal reservations, Ladies Quota or even cancellation.

20 Double Decker Express

Double-Decker Express trains provide bi-level arrangements for seating and air-conditioning. These high-speed day-travel trains have limited stops.

21. Mountain Railways

These trains ply on the mountain terrain. There are seven mountain railways in the country. UNESCO has declared three of them as World Heritage Sites and named as Mountain Railways of India. They are the Kalka–Shimla Railway, the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, and Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (Toy Train).  

  • Kalka-Shimla Heritage Track

The toy train plying on the Kalka-Shimla Heritage Track is a delightful way to reach Shimla. The train covers 90 kilometres, and there are 20 stations on the way. The entire trip takes 5 hours, starting from Kalka near Chandigarh it goes to Shimla. The panoramic view of the surrounding hills and forests leaves you spellbound. The view is more stunning after a snowfall. This route from Kalka to Shimla was prepared in 1903.

  • Nilgiri Mountain Railway

It is a famous world heritage site. Running at a speed of 16 km/hr, it is the slowest train in the country. The scenic beauty along the route from MettuPalium to Ooty is breathtaking. There are about 10 Railway stations on this route. 

  • Darjeeling Himalayan Railway

It functions between New Jalpaiguri and Darjeeling. The train covers a distance of 78 kilometres through a stunningly beautiful terrain. It’s a great tourist attraction and is a must visit location in Darjeeling. UNESCO had declared the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (Toy Train) a world heritage site in December 1999.

Types of Trains In IndiaBased on Utility

The Indian Railways provide affordable, comfortable, and quick service to the public. To serve the people, it plies different types of trains in India across various routes. 

  • The Intercity-Express trains run between the capital of the State and major railway junctions. These routes are short and covered at high speed. Intercity Express trains are more affordable than other express trains.
  • AC Express Trains are totally air-conditioned and connect important cities. These are high-speed (maximum speed 130 km/hr) passenger trains that have limited stoppages. Their charges are lower than other premium trains. 
  • Express Trains have a maximum speed capability of 100 kilometres per hour. They take less time than the local and ordinary passenger trains. They, too, have limited stoppages allowing them to maintain a high-speed
  • Superfast Express trains have fewer stoppages to cover and shorter travel times. The maximum speed they can attain is 110 kilometres per hour.  They include a superfast surcharge on these trains’ fares, making them expensive than the ordinary express trains.
  • Passenger Trains provide affordable and economical travel. Running at a speed of 40 to 80 kilometres per hour, they often have a non-reserved seating arrangement. They stop at most of the stations on the route. These series of trains are put as fast passenger and slow passenger trains.
  • Earlier, the Mail Trains had separate coaches for the carriage of mailbags. At present, all trains in India have a luggage coach to carry mails. The mail trains are similar to the passenger trains, but the name ‘Mail’ continues.
  • Suburban Trains, commonly known as local trains, run between a centrally located city or township to suburban/ fringe areas. They provide an unreserved seating system and stop at every station on the route.
  • Luxury Trains or tourist trains cover different regions of the country. The various luxury Trains run by the Indian Railways are Buddhist Circuit Special trains, Aastha Circuit Trains, Bharat Darshan Trains, Steam Trains, Royal Rajasthan on Wheels, Deccan Odyssey, Palace on Wheels, Mahaparinirvan Express and Golden Chariot are some of them. Fairy Queen is another luxury train that runs from Delhi to Alwar hauled by the oldest steam engine in the world. The train itself is a tourist attraction.
  1. Maharaja Express: The Maharaja Express offers eight grand tours of India. These tours cover palaces, forts, and Heritage sites and properties. The Maharaja Express has won the ‘World’s leading luxury Trains’ title for two consecutive years by the World Travel Awards.
  2. The Deccan Odyssey: The Royal blue train has luxurious cabins. The Taj group of hotels manages the Deccan Odyssey. Designed to show the lifestyle of the Maharajas of the 16th century, it is an initiative of Maharashtra Tourism.
  3. Royal Rajasthan on Wheels: is a memorable experience. As you move through the rich heritage of Rajasthan, the aura remains even when you are in your private cabin. The interior of the cabins are princely, and the imagery from Rajputana History keeps you fascinated.
  4. Palace on Wheels: It is the first luxury train in India. The train was used as transportation by the kings of Rajputana, Gujarat, and others and the Nizams of Hyderabad. This premium train has maintained its regal aura and is a reminder of the luxurious lifestyle of the Maharajas.

Railway Budget 2021

Indian Railway is a commercial venture of the Government whose jurisdiction lies under the Ministry of Railways. The Ministry manages its administration and formation of various policies through the Railway Board, the Indian Railways headquarters. The funds for Railways expenditure outlined in the Railway Budget (as a part of the Union Budget) are obtained from-

  • The internal resources of the Railways,
  • Budgetary support provided by the Central Government, and
  • The extra-budgetary resources comprising borrowings, institutional financing, Foreign direct investment, and Public-Private partnerships.

The Staff salaries, pension, amenities provided to the staff, and Railway asset maintenance are covered by the earnings through internal resources. These are the working expenses. 

The Capital Expenditures are met through the budgetary support provided by the Central Government, the Extra budgetary resources, and the Railway’s internal resources.

Procurement of wagons, station maintenance and re-development come under Capital Expenditure. 

The Finance Minister Ms Nirmala Sitaraman had on 1st Feb 2021 presented the Union Budget in the Parliament. The Railways finances too were presented along with it.

Union Budget 2021 – Railways Proposals 

  1. Rs.1.1 lakh crore allocated to the Indian Railways, of which Rs.1.07 lakh crore is allocated for the Railway’s capital expenditure.
  2. The Indian Railways had submitted a National Rail Plan to the government to show that the Railways can meet the ever evolving and increasing domestic requirements and match the current global standards.
  3. Railways will provide Metro services in Tier II and Tier III cities as Metro Neo and Metro Lite. The railways will also provide this Metro service in the fringe areas of the cities. It also assures that the Indian Railways will maintain the safety and efficiency standards and that the services will be cost-effective.
  4. Kochi Metro Rail  Phase II project will soon begin at a cost of Rs.1,957.05 crore for 11.5 kilometers. 
  5. Sustained development and investment will continue for the Metro Rail system in Nagpur, Nashik, Kochi, and Chennai.
  6. To resolve the IT sector’s traffic issues, the Railways will develop the Bangalore Suburban Railway network.
  7. The Western Dedicated Freight Corridor (WDFC) and the Eastern Dedicated Freight Corridor (EDFC) will include 274.3 kilometers of the WDFV in the Gomoh-Dankuni Section and 263 kilometers of the EDFC in the Sone Nagar-Gomoh Section. These two Freight corridors will be commissioned in a Public-Private Partnership by June 2022.
  8. Other dedicated freight corridor projects like the East Coast Corridor from Kharagpur to Vijaywada, East-West Corridor from Bhusawal to Kharagpur to Dankuni, and North-South Corridor from Itarsi-Vijayawada too will get going. 
  9. It is proposed to complete the electrification of the Broad Gauge route by December 2023.
  10. The Railways will introduce Vistadome like Hofmann Busch coaches on the tourist routes to increase tourists’ comfort and ease.

Railway Budget & Trains in India | Download PDF

Use the link given below to download the list of fastest and best trains in India, types of trains running today, and the most important summary of the Railway Budget 2021 PDF.

That is all from us in this DFCCIL Study notes blog on Types of Trains and Railway Budget in India. We hope you found the information useful. Keep checking this space for more such DFCCIL Study notes.

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