One of the toughest and most sought-after examinations in India is the Central Teacher Eligibility Test or CTET. Through this exam, candidates are recruited as teachers in schools across the country. CTET entrance exams are conducted in the months of July and December every year. With little time in hand, covering the whole syllabus and the important topics may seem extremely tough. However, with the right CTET RTE study materials and notes, you can score well and above the required cut-off.
Going by the pattern of the previous exam papers, the one topic that has featured frequently is Right to Education Act. Read CTET RTE study materials here to gain a deeper understanding of the RTE Act 2009.
CTET RTE STUDY MATERIALS
What is RTE?
The Indian Parliament enacted the RTE or Right to Education Act on August 4, 2009. The Act emphasizes the importance of compulsory and free education for children between ages 6 and 14 under Article 21(A) of the Indian Constitution.
RTE came into operation on April 1, 2010, making India one of the 135 countries that have made education every child’s fundamental right. The act suggests the minimum rule for elementary schools, favors against interviews and donation fees during admission and forbids insignificant schools from practice. The RTE monitors all neighbourhoods through routine surveys and recognizes eligible children who do not have access to education.
At both state and center, educational challenges have been prevalent for several years in India. RTE 2009 maps out responsibilities and roles for the state, center, and all local bodies to fill the gaps in the education system with the objective of enhancing the quality of education.
CTET RTE STUDY MATERIALS
What are the main characteristics of RTE Act 2009?
- Free and Compulsory Education for Everyone
The Government of India is obligated to provide compulsory and free elementary education to every child up to 8th standard in a neighbourhood within 1Km. No child is accountable to pay any charges or fees that may stop her or him from completing and pursuing elementary education. Free education includes the provisions for uniforms, textbooks, stationery, and special educational materials for disabled children in order to curb the burden of expenses in schools.
- The Benchmark Mandate
RTE lays down standards and norms relating to PTR or Pupil-Teacher Ratio, classrooms, drinking water facility, separate latrines for boys and girls, working hours for the teachers, and the number of working days in school, etc. All elementary school (Middle school + Primary school) in the country must obey rules in order to maintain the minimum standards the RTE has set.
- Special Class Provisions
RTE mandates that a child out of school should be enrolled in a class appropriate to his/her age and be given special training so that they reach the learning level appropriate to their age.
- Quality and Quantity of Teachers
The RTE Act provides for the teachers’ rational deployment by making sure that in every school, the specified PTR is maintained with no rural-urban imbalance whatsoever. The Act mandates appointing teachers with the required academic qualification and entry.
- Intolerance Against Harassment and Discrimination
RTE 2009 forbids all sorts of mental harassment and physical punishment, discrimination depending on class, caste, religion, and gender, the screening process for children’s admission capitation fee, functioning of insignificant schools, and private tuition centers.
- Ensuring Overall Development of Children
The latest Right to Education 2009 Act provides for curriculum development, which would guarantee the overall development of each child – construct his or her knowledge, talent, and human potential.
- Enhancing Learning Outcomes to Reduce Detention
RTE mandates that till Class 8, no child can be expelled or held back from school. To improve their performance in school, in 2009 RTE introduced the CCE or Continuous Comprehensive Evaluation system to guarantee learning outcomes in schools. Another objective of the CCE system was to assess every aspect of the child while they are in school so that the gaps could be recognized and worked on in time.
- Tracking RTE Norms Compliance
The School Management Committees play a vital role in reinforcing governance and participatory democracy in education. Under the 2009 Right to Education Act, all schools are obligated to form an SMC comprising of parents, local elected representatives, a headteacher, and community members, etc. These committees are empowered to keep a track on how the schools function and to come up with a development plan.
- RTE is Subject to Trial in Law Court
RTE 2009 is subject to trial in a court of law and is backed by a Grievance Redressal (GR) mechanism that permits people to take action if the provisions of the Act are not complied to.
- Creating an Inclusive Space for Everyone
The 2009 Act mandates that all privately held schools reserve 25% of the seats for economically backward and socially disadvantaged children. This particular provision of the RTE Act aims to promote social inclusion to provide for an equal and just nation.
The Right to Education Act 2009 has been a significant addition to the fundamental rights of humans under the Constitution of India. Various other study materials and notes are available online to help you with CTET preparation. These notes will also serve well if you are preparing for STET exams.
Once you have read all about CTET RTE study materials, do not forget to sit for free CTET mock tests online on Oliveboard. Taking these tests will surely help you assess how well prepared you are for the entrance. You can then work on your weaknesses while there is still time for improvement. Good luck!
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