Freedom fighters of Karnataka for Karnataka Police Constable

The freedom that we enjoy today is the result of many sacrifices and the death of crores of people. India, to achieve its freedom, has seen many wars and blood all over its place. Many people sacrificed their lives for the freedom movement. People from every part of India came forward for one goal that was India’s independence. In this blog you will learn such freedom fighters from Karnataka who contributed themselves for the freedom of India. If you are preparing for KAS, PSI, KPTCL, Karnataka PC Oliveboard has mock tests for each exam, and courses for KAS and PSI. You can visit Karnataka Exam Section in our website for More details 


Karnataka, a state in south India like many other states of India have been an inseparable part of India even before India was recognized as a nation. Historically Karnataka has been a land which had become home and origin for great dynasties in the past which had produced great warriors and scholars. Not only that, even invaders like Nizams, Adil Shah, Turks, Mughals, Afghans etc. who had come to loot the land because of its glory gradually settled here and accepted or we can say had become one with this culture . But contrary to that when the British arrived in India they never settled in India and accepted India as their motherland. The British cunningly planned to loot and plunder the glory of this nation and become successful in doing so. But as their cruelty increased Indians started revolting against British rule and started a nationalist movement to free India from the Shackle of imperial British rule.

In this freedom movement the land of Karnataka has contributed by producing many great freedom fighters and revolutionaries who have made vital contributions to the freedom of India. Freedom fighters of Karnataka have contributed to the freedom movement in every phase of freedom struggle Freedom Fighters of Karnataka like Rani Abbaka, Kittur Rani Chennamma contributed to the freedom struggle even before the First War of Indian Independence of 1857. Freedom Fighters of Karnataka who participated In First war of Indian Independence were Hunters of Halagali or Halgalli Bedas, Venkatappa Nayak of Surapur etc. Many Freedom fighters of Karnataka have participated during the Gandhian Period of Freedom movement and contributed immensely in achieving the freedom of India.

List of some Prominent freedom Fighters of Karnataka

Freedom fighters of Karnataka include

  • Rani Abakka.
  • Kittur Rani Channamma.
  • Sangoli Rayanna.
  • Halagali Bedas.
  • Venkatappa Nayaka of Surapur.
  • Bellary Siddamma.
  • Karnad Sadashiv Rao.
  • H.S Doreswamy.
  • N.S. Hardikar.
  • T. Subramanyam.
  • Nittur Shrinivas Rao.
  • K.G Gokhle.
  • Srinivas Rao Kaujalgi of Vijapur.
  • Gangadhar Rao Deshpandey.
  • Hardika Manjappa.
  • Maylar Mahadevappa

Rani Abakka Devi

Rani Abakka Chowta was the first Tulu queen of Ullal. Rani Abakka was queen of the 16th century and fought against the Portuguese. Rani Abakka was also one of the earliest Indians to fight colonialism and Rani Abakka is sometimes regarded as the ‘first woman freedom fighter of India’.Rani Abakka belonged to the Chowta dynasty who ruled over parts of coastal Karnataka. Ulal was a subsidiary capital and a place which has strategic importance. The Portuguese made many attacks on Ullal but were defeated by Rani Abbaka for four decades. For her attempts she was known as ‘Abhaya Rani'(fearless queen). Rani Abbaka made alliances with neighboring dynasties and strengthened them against Portuguese.The Portuguese, clearly upset by Rani Abbakka’s tactics, demanded that she pay them tribute but Rani Abbakka refused to yield. In 1555, the Portuguese sent Admiral Dom Álvaro da Silveira to fight her after Rani Abbaka refused to pay them tribute. From 1557 Portuguese made major attacks on Ulur but Rani Abbaka defended all attacks successfully. Rani Abbaka’s husband while returning from an expedition was captured and killed by Portuguese then Portuguese launched a war against Rani Abakka and jailed her. Rani Abbaka died in jail revolting and dieting in jail.

Kittur Rani Chennamma

Kittur Rani Chennamma (14 November 1778 – 21 February 1829) was the Indian Queen (Rani) of Kittur, a princely state in Karnataka. Kittur Rani Chennamma led an armed resistance against the British East India Company (BEIC) in 1824 in defiance of the doctrine of lapse in an attempt to maintain Indian control over the region, in which Kittur Rani Chennamma defeated them, but Kittur Rani Chennamma died in the imprisonment of second rebellion by the British East India Company. Kittur Rani Chennamma is considered as One of the first female rulers to rebel against British rule, she became a folk hero in Karnataka and symbol of the independence movement in India.

Sangoli Rayanna.

Sangolli Rayanna was warrior of kittur and participated in the 1824 rebellion along with his queen kittur Rani Chennamma.Sangolli Rayanna with intention to install the adopted son of King Mallasarja and Rani Chennamma, namely Shivalingappa as the ruler of Kittur continued to fight against British. Sangolli Rayanna mobilized local people and started a guerilla type war against the British. Sangolli Rayanna’s guerrilla army moved from place to place, burnt government offices, waylaid British troops and plundered treasuries.Most of his land was confiscated and what remained of it was heavily taxed. Sangolli Rayanna taxed the landlords and built up an army from the masses. The British troops could not defeat him in open battle. Hence, by treachery, Sangolli Rayanna was caught in April 1830 and tied up by the British Sangolli Rayanna was sentenced to death.Shivalingappa, the boy who was supposed to be the new ruler, was also arrested by the British.

Sangolli Rayanna was executed by hanging from a Banyan tree about 4 kilometers from Nandagad in Belagavi district on 26 January 1831.

Halagalli Bedas

Halgali Bedas belong to a tribal community in Mudhol taluk of Bagalkot district. In 1857 the tribe of Halgali Bedas revolted against the arms act of the British and refused to surrender their weapons to the British. The revolt of Halgali Bedas was brutally crushed by British in which several people died

Venkatappa Nayaka of Surapur.

Venkatappa Nayaka of Surapur was the last ruler of the Nayaka dynasty. Venkatappa Nayaka of Surapur refused to accept the sovereignty of the British East India company. In 1858 Venkatappa Nayaka of Surapur gathered an army to revolt against the British East India company. But Britishers got to know about plans of venkatappa Nayaka and led to siege venkatappa Nayaka in his fort. Venkatappa Nayaka however escaped to Hyderabad with the intention of gathering much more army to fight against the British. But Venkatappa Nayaka was captured by the British and sentenced to jail. Venkatappa Nayaka refuses to be held captive by Britishers and shoots himself dead with a pistol.

Ballari Siddamma

Ballari Siddamma was born in 1903 in Dushanthi village of Haveri district. Ballari Siddamma belong to a traditional Hindu family. In her Childhood Ballari Siddamma’s father used to bring daily newspapers and the articles related to freedom struggle in newspapers invoked the nationalist thought In Bellary Siddamma. Bellary Siddamma was married to another freedom fighter Murgappa who was a Gandhian. Ballari Siddamma’s marriage eased her to participate in freedom movement completely. Ballari Siddamma participated in freedom movement from 1930 when freedom movement was at its peak in Mysuru. Bellary Siddamma traveled to different places which were nearby to her native and addressed common women and men to educate them about the importance of freedom to citizens of India. She participated in the convention of congress party at Shivpura in April 1938. Bellary Siddamma took part in Aranya Satyagraha of Chitradurga. Bellary Siddamma became first woman to hoist tricolor flag in 1938 and was jailed for one month for the act.

Karnad Sadashiv Rao.

Karnad Sadashiv Rao was born in 1881 and studied in the prominent president college of Madras and also studied law in Mumbai.

 Karnad Sadashiv Rao started fully participating in the freedom movement from 1919 and started Mahila Sabha to help widows and poor women. Karnad Sadhashiv Rao became the first person from Karnataka to volunteer for Gandhi’s Satyagraha movement. Karnad Sadhashiv Rao spent all his wealth in the struggle of Indian independence for helping the poor. In 1936 Karnad Sadhashiv Rao spending all his money to freedom struggle became penniless in such circumstances Karnad Sadhashiv Rao attended Faizpur congress session in December.Karnad Sadashiv Rao in Faizpur because of shortage of money stayed in leaky hut hut and caught cold and fever. Despite having poor health conditions Karnad Sadhashiv Rao without revealing anything about his health traveled to Bombay to carry on the struggle of Indian independence where he died eventually. At the time of his death Karnad Sadhashiv Rao doesn’t even have Money to carry out his last rites. Karnad Sadhashiv Rao died penniless spending all his wealth for freedom struggle.


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