History of Rajasthan (Modern, Medieval & Ancient) | Download Free PDF

History is one of the important topics of General knowledge for Rajasthan state exams. Questions are frequently asked from the ancient, medieval & modern history of Rajasthan in different Rajasthan state exams. So to help you with the complete preparation for Rajasthan History, we have come up with an e-book in both Hindi & English on the History of Rajasthan covering the complete ancient, medieval & modern history. Download the free e-book from the direct download link given in the blog.

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Rajasthan is located in the north-western part of the subcontinent. It is bounded on the west and northwest by Pakistan, on the north and northeast by the states of Punjab, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh, on the east and southeast by the states of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, and on the southwest by the state of Gujarat. The Tropic of Cancer passes through its southern tip in the Banswara district. The state has an area of 342,239 square kilometres (the largest in the country). The capital city is Jaipur. 

The history of the Indian state of Rajasthan is about 5000 years old. The history of Rajasthan can be classified into three parts owing to the different epochs- Ancient, Medieval and Modern.

Ancient Period, up to 1200 AD

Rajasthan has seen settlements of humans since the paleolithic age. Several important prehistoric sites are found in Rajasthan. These include Didwana,Jayal, Bundi, Bhilwara, Nimbahera, Bagor, Tilwara and Mandia and Khetri.

Indus Valley Civilisation (3300 BCE to 1300 BCE)

  • Rajasthan was a  part of the ancient Indus Valley civilization
  • Kalibangan in Hanumangarh district, was a provincial capital of Indus valley civilization
  • Other Indus Valley sites in Rajasthan include Karanpura in Hanumangarh, 4MSR in Anupgarh and Ahad in Udaipur.

Vedic period (3300 BCE – 500 BCE)

  • At the time of the Vedic ancient period, Rajasthan had its own rivers named Saraswati and Drishadvati rivers which later dried up. There was mention of the Matsyas and the Salvas as located near river Sarawati in the Vedas.
  • Rajasthan was a part of the ancient Matsya kingdom, established by Matsya Dwaita.
  • Relics of painted grey ware culture have also been reported from the dried up beds of Saraswati and Drishadvati rivers,  Noh in Bharatpur, Jaipur and Jhunjhunu.

Mauryan empire ( 322 BCE -185 BCE)

The Mauryan empire established by Chandragupta Maurya consolidated much of India, especially North India including Rajasthan. 

Western Satraps (405 BCE – 35 BCE)

Parts of Rajasthan came under the Saka rulers, Indo-Scythian (Saka) rulers of southern Pakistan (Sindh and eastern Balochistan), who ruled most of the western India during the rule of the Kushans.

Gupta empire (320 AD–550 AD )

Sri-Gupta established the Gupta Empire in Magadha, with its capital in Pataliputra. Gupta empire, known as the ‘Golden age of India’ consolidated major parts of India including Rajasthan

Ancient warrior kingdoms (500 BCE–300 AD)

  • Rajasthan was ruled by several warrior kingdoms before the advent of Pratihara kingdom during the rule of Kushans and Sakas. 
  • Salwa, Kanyaka, Nishadha, Nishad, Abhira, Sudra, Malava, Avanti were some of the kingdoms established in Rajasthan. 

Other major republics that dominated this region include the Malavas, Arjunyas, Yaudhyas, Kushans, and Hunas. 

Medieval Rajput kingdoms (550  – 1526 AD)

The early medieval period saw the rise of many Rajput kingdoms like Pratihars, Chauhans of Ajmer, Guhilot and Sisodias of Mewar, Shekhawats of Shekhawati Sikar, Rathores of Marwar.

Rajput clans emerged and held their sway over different parts of Rajasthan from about .download complete ebook here.


This all from us in this blog History of Rajasthan (Ancient, Medieval & Modern History). Download the free e-book & prepare for all Rajasthan state exams.


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