Indian river systems

Questions related to rivers and river systems are commonly asked in the general awareness section of various competitive exams. To help you in your preparation, we have compiled information regarding the Indian river systems. In this blog, we bring to you all the information regarding the river systems in India.

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River system Total length (km) Catchment area (km2) Left bank tributaries Right bank tributaries
Indus 1114 (India)
3180 (Total)
3,21,289 Zaskar, Suru, Soan, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas, Satluj Shyok, Gilgit, Nubra, Khurram, Tochi, Gomal, Sangar, Kabul
Brahmaputra 916 (India)
1,94,413 Siang/Dibang, Lohit, Dhansiri, Burhi Dihing, Kopili Subansiri, Kameng,Manas, Sankosh, Raidak, Jaldhaka, Teesta
Ganga 2510 8,61,452 Ramganga, Gomti, Ghagra, Gandak, Kosi, Mahananda Yamuna, Son, Tamsa, Punpun
Yamuna 1376 3,66,200 Hindon, Rind, Sengar Varuna Chambal, Sindh, Betwa, Ken, Tons
Narmada 1312 98,796 Burhner, Banjar, Sher, Shakkar, Dudhi, Tawa, Ganjal Tendoni, Hiran, Barna, Kolar
Tapi 724 65,145 Nesu, Arunavati, Buray, Panjhra , Bori, Girna, Waghur, Purna, Mona, Sipna Vaki, Gomai, Arunavati, Aner
Godavari 1465 3,12,812 Indravati, Purna, Pranhita, Sabari Pravara, Manjira, Maner
Krishna 1400 2,58,948 Bhima, Musi, Munneru Ghatprabha, Malaprabha, Tungbhadra
Cauvery 805 81,155 Harangi, Hemavati, Shimsha, Arkavati Lakshmantirtha, Kabbani, Suvarnavati, Bhavani, Noyil, Amaravati
Mahanadi 851 1,41,589 Seonath, Hasdeo, Mand, Ib Ong, Tel, Jonk

Most of the rivers discharge their waters into the Bay of Bengal. Some of the rivers flow through the western part of the country and merge into the Arabian Sea. The northern parts of the Aravalli range, some parts of Ladakh, and arid regions of the Thar Desert have inland drainage. All major rivers of India originate from one of the three main watersheds-

  • The Himalaya and the Karakoram range
  • The Chota Nagpur plateau and Vindhya and Satpura range
  • The Western Ghats

Classification of Drainage Systems of India

Drainage Systems Based on the Size of the Catchment Area

Division Size of catchment area in sq km
Major river 20,000
Medium river 20,000 – 2,000
Minor river 2,000 and below

Drainage Systems Based on Origin

Perennial rivers Non-Perennial rivers
The Himalayan Rivers The Peninsular Rivers
Indus, the Ganga, the Brahmaputra, and their tributaries Mahanadi, the Godavari, the Krishna, the Cauvery, the Narmada, and the Tapi and their tributaries

Indian river systems – FAQs

  1. How to download Indian river systems PDF?

A. Click here to download the Indian river systems PDF

2. What topics does the Free E-book PDF contain?

A. The Indian River Systems PDF contains information on all the major drainage systems in India and their impact on economy.



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