New Education Policy 2020

New Education Policy 2020 is a very important topic under the General Awareness Section for various Government and Bank Exams like SSC CGL, SSC CPO, RRB Group D, RRB NTPC, SBI PO, IBPS PO, SBI Clerk, IBPS Clerk, etc. 2-3 questions from this topic are asked in all the above-mentioned examination. To help you with the same we have brought you all the List of Important Days held every year, at a single place. Read along to know the summary of New Education Policy 2020.

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The global education development agenda reflected in the Goal 4 (SDG4) of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by India in 2015 – seeks to “ensure inclusive and equitable qualityeducation and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all” by 2030. Such a lofty goal will require the entire education system to be reconfigured to support and foster learning, so that all of the
critical targets and goals (SDGs) of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development can be achieved.

The highest priority of the education system will be to achieve universal foundational literacy and numeracy in primary school by 2025. New Policy aims for Universalization of Education from preschool to secondary level with 100 % GER in school education by 2030 and to bring 2 crore out-ofschoolchildren back into the mainstream.

Summary of National Education Policy 2020

Key changes formulated by NEP 2020 are as follows:

• Quality Early Childhood Care Education
• New Curricular and Pedagogical Structure: the 10+2 structure of school curriculum to be replaced by a 5+3+3+4 curricular structure corresponding to ages 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, and 14- 18 years respectively.
• Holistic Multidisciplinary Education at undergraduate level
• Academic Bank of Credit (ABC be established to digitally store the academic credits earned from various recognized Higher Education Institutes (HEIs)

Curtailing dropout rates and ensuring universal access to education at all levels

Two overall initiatives that will be undertaken to bring children who have dropped out back to school and to prevent further children from dropping ou
• Provide effective and sufficient infrastructure so that all students have access to safe and engaging school education at all levels from pre-primary school to Grade 12.
• Carefully tracking students, as well as their learning levels, in order to ensure that they:
a) are enrolled in and attending school, and
b) have suitable opportunities to catch up and re-enter school in case they have fallen behind or dropped out

New Pedagogy and Curriculum for School Education

Universalisation of Early Childhood Care Education (ECCE) will be implemented. The existing educational structure of 10 + 2 years has been redesigned to 3+2+3+3+4 years, which will be as follows:

Foundational Stage (5 years):

• 3 years at an Anganwadi/Bal Vatika/Ashramshalas/preschool/playschool for children in the age group of 3 to 6 years with multi-level play and activity-based learning
• 2 years in class 1 and 2 for children in the age group of 6 to 8 with multi-level play and activity-based learning

Preparatory Stage (3 years)

• For classes 3 through 5 for children in the age group of 8 to 11 year
• Activity-based and interactive classroom learning
Middle Stage (3 years)
• For classes 6 through 8 for children in the age group of 11 to 14 years
• Experiential learning in science, mathematics, social sciences, arts, and humanities

Secondary Stage (4 years)

• For classes 9 through 12 for children in the age group 14 to 18 years
• Multidisciplinary study, student’s choice of subjects, critical thinking
• Students can exit after Grade 10 and re-enter in the next phase to pursue vocational or any other courses available in Grades 11- 12, including at a more specialized school, if so desired


• The following are the key points of the language policy in school education:
• No language will be imposed on any state. Upto class 5 and preferably till class 8, the mother tongue will the medium of instruction as far as possible in both private and public schools
• There will be a 3-language system with languages chosen by the states, regions, and students. 2 languages should be native languages of India
• Sanskrit will be offered at all levels of school and higher education
• Other classical languages will be made available, mostly as online modules
• Foreign languages will be offered from the secondary level onwards
• States may enter into bilateral agreements to hire teachers from each other, to satisfy the three-language formula in their respective states
• Every student in the country will participate in the ‘Ek Bharat Shrestha Bharat’ initiative.
• Indian Sign Language (ISL) will be standardized across the country

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