Right Against Exploitation: Right against exploitation is one of the six fundamental rights that are guaranteed by the Constitution of India to its citizens. It is a part of the polity and constitution syllabus of the civil service exams.
In this blog, we are going to discuss the Right against Exploitation and the related constitutional provisions.
It will be beneficial for the candidates preparing for the JKPSC KAS and other civil service exams.
Table of Contents
What is Right Against Exploitation?
Right against exploitation is one of the six fundamental rights that are guaranteed by the Indian Constitution to the citizens. This right deals with the protection of citizens against any kind of forced labour.
There are two articles that constitute the Right Against Exploitation and they are:
|Article||What it deals with|
|Article 23||Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour|
|Article 24||Prohibition of employment of children in factories, etc|
Let us look into it in detail
Article 23 – Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour
Article 23 deals with the prohibition of human trafficking, beggar and any other kind of forced labour. The article explicitly states that offending this right is punishable by law.
Human trafficking refers to the sale and purchase of human beings. In most cases, the purpose behind human trafficking is sexual slavery, forced prostitution or forced labour.
Beggar or Forced labour refers to forcing a person to work without any remuneration.
It also states that nothing in this article shall prevent the State from imposing compulsory service for public purposes, and in imposing such service the State shall not make any discrimination on grounds only of religion, race, caste or class or any of them.
The scope of Article 23 is wide as it protects a person not only from exploitation from the State but also from other citizens.
Article 24 – Prohibition of employment of children in factories, etc
Article 24 deals with the prohibition of the employment of children in factories and other institutions.
It states that ” No child below the age of fourteen years shall be employed to work in any factory or mine or engaged in any other hazardous employment”
This means that hiring any child below the age of fourteen years in any kind of factory, mine or any other kind of hazardous employment is prohibited.
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