Karnataka State – Facts and Particulars

For any exam you need to be knowledgeable about the state you live in. Karnataka is a state that adds glory to the nation. In this blog you will learn some interesting details about the state Karnataka. Capital of Karnataka, State animal of Karnataka and many more. For PSI, KAS, KPTCL and KPC preparations you can visit Karnataka Exam Section of Oliveboard for mock tests and courses.  


Karnataka as a state formed on November 1st 1956. The capital of Karnataka is Bengaluru. The Karnataka Capital, Bengaluru as Garden City. Because it is one of the leading information technology exporter in nation, capital of Karnataka Bengaluru is called as Silicon Valley of India.

  • The etymologically the word Karnataka is derived from Kannada word “Karu Nadu” which is estimated to give two meanings one is “elevated land” and the other is “black land” referring to the land with black cotton soil found in the region.
  • Karnataka is the 6 largest state by land area (74,051 sq km), 5.83% of the total geographical area of India.
  • 6 largest state by economy among states of India (GDP 16.65 trillion Indian rupees)
  • 9 highest ranking state  in human development index among Indian States

State Symbols

  • State Motto – Satyameva Jayate
  • State bird of Karnataka is Indian roller
  • State animal of Karnataka is elephant
  • State flower of Karnataka is lotus
  • State tree of Karnataka is sandalwood tree
  • State Song Jaya Bharata Jananiya Tanujate written by Kuvempu was officially declared on 6th January 2004
  • State Fish of Karnataka is Carnatic Carp
  • State Butterfly of Karnataka is Southern Birdwing
  • State fruit of Karnataka is Mango
  • State foundation day of Karnataka is on 1st November

Facts And Particulars of Karnataka State

  • Gold discovered in excavation of Harappan civilization was found to be imported from the region of Karnataka.
  • Western ganga dynasty and Kadamba dynasty were first dynasty to use Kannada as its administration language
  • fourth most popular destination for tourism among Indian States.
  • Karnataka has the second highest number of nationally protected monuments (752) in India, 25000 monuments are yet to be received protection
  • Karnataka has 25 wildlife sanctuaries and five national parks. Popular among them are Bandipur National Park, Bannerghatta National Park and Nagarhole National Park. 
  • The ruins of the Vijayanagara Empire at Hampi and the monuments of Pattadakal are on the list of UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites. 
  • The cave temples at Badami and the rock-cut temples at Aihole representing the Badami Chalukyan style of architecture are also popular tourist destinations.
  • The Hoysala temples at Beluru and Halebid, which were built with Chloritic schist (soapstone) are proposed UNESCO World Heritage sites.
  • Gol Gumbaz and Ibrahim Rauza are famous examples of the Deccan Sultanate style of architecture.
  • Monolith of Gomateshwara Bahubali at Shravanabelagola is the tallest sculpted monolith in the world, attracting tens of thousands of pilgrims during Mahamastakabhisheka festival.


  • Karnataka has become a center of health care tourism and has the highest number of approved health systems and alternative therapies in India. Hospitals in Karnataka treat around 8,000 health tourists every year
  • Karnataka is home to a variety of wildlife. It has a recorded forest area of 38,720 km2 (14,950 sq mi) which constitutes 12.3% of the total geographical area of the state.
  • The forests support 25% of the elephant and 10% of the tiger population of India. Most of the regions of Karnataka are as yet unexplored, hence new species of flora and fauna are found periodically.
  • The Western Ghats, a biodiversity hotspot, includes the western region of Karnataka.
  • The Bandipur and Nagarahole National Parks were included in the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve in 1986, a UNESCO designation.
  • Karnataka has five national parks: Anshi, Bandipur, Bannerghatta, Kudremukh and Nagarhole.
  • Karnataka also have 27 wildlife sanctuaries of which seven are bird sanctuaries
  • Karnataka’s smallest district, Kodagu, is a major contributor to Indian field hockey, producing numerous players who have represented India at the international level. The annual Kodava Hockey Festival is the largest hockey tournament in the world.
  • Karnataka has been referred to as the cradle of Indian swimming because of its high standards in comparison to other states
  • The era of Kannada newspapers started in the year 1843 when Hermann Mögling, a missionary from Basel Mission, published the first Kannada newspaper called Mangaluru Samachara in Mangalore.


  • The first Kannada periodical, Mysore Vrittanta Bodhini was started by Bhashyam Bhashyacharya in Mysore. Shortly after Indian independence in 1948.
  • Karnataka has airports at Bangalore, Mangalore, Belgaum, Hubli, Hampi, Bellary, Gulbarga, and Mysore
  • International airports in Karnataka are in Bangalore and Mangalore airports. 
  • Shimoga and Bijapur airports are being built under the UDAN Scheme.
  • Karnataka has a railway network with a total length of approximately 3,089 kilometers (1,919 mi).
  • Hubli railway station in Karnataka have longest railway platform in the world
  • Karnataka has 11 ports, including the New Mangalore Port, a major port and ten minor ports, of which three were operational in 2012.
  • The port of Mangalore is among the 4 major ports of India that receive over 25 international cruise ships every year
  • The total lengths of National Highways and State Highways in Karnataka are 3,973 and 9,829 kilometers (2,469 and 6,107 mi), respectively.
  • The state transport corporations, transports an average of 2.2 million passengers daily and employs about 25,000 people.
  • 54% of Karnataka’s workforce is engaged in agriculture activities and 64.6% of state total area(12.31 million hectares of land) is used for agriculture
  • Majority of silk produce of India is done in Karnataka, Muddenahalli in Chikkaballapur district is called as silk city of India

Other Details

  • Karnataka is largest coffee producer and exporter of India
  • Jog falls (gersoppa) waterfalls is India’s 2 highest plunge waterfall which falls from height of (253m)
  • Lalbagh botanical garden in Karnataka has rock formations dating back to 3000 million years ago.
  • Karnataka have most number of water falls in India
  • Karnataka gram udyog samyukta Sangha in Bengeri area in Hubli is the only unit in India that is authorized to manufacture and supply the flag of India.
  • Mysore oriantal library (1891) is India’s oldest library  which also has the oldest surviving manuscript of Kautilya’s arthashastra.
  • Mathur village in Karnataka is the only village in India which uses Sanskrit in day to day communication
  • Karnataka has highest Jnanapitha Awards. Kannada language is second highest(8) after Hindi Language(11).


Q. Which is the Karnataka’s Capital City?

A. Bengaluru city is the Capital of Karnataka

Q. What is the state animal of Karnataka

A. Asian Elephant is the state animal of Karnataka


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