Static GK is an important part of any General Studies section of any Tamil Nadu State exam. Questions on Environment commonly contain the topic of Protected Areas in Tamil Nadu. To help you answer any question on this topic, we have come up with a blog on Protected Areas in Tamil Nadu.
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Protected Areas in Tamil Nadu for TNPSC | Sneak Peek
Tamil Nadu has 5 National parks, 14 Wildlife sanctuaries, 16 bird sanctuaries and one conservation reserve besides five Tiger Reserves and four elephant sanctuaries and three biospheres.
Biosphere Reserves in Tamil Nadu
|Sr no||Biosphere Reserves||Location||Year of Est||Important Species||Special characteristics|
|01||Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve||Between the southeastern tip of India and the west coast of Sri Lanka, in the Coromandel Coast region||2001||Sea turtles, Sharks, Dugongs, Dolphins||This habitat is the feeding grounds for the largest endangered marine mammal Dugong This area is also the last refuge of an invertebrate, the unique ‘living fossil’ Balanoglossus that links vertebrates and invertebrates|
|02||Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve and Elephant Reserve||Nilgiri mountains of Western Ghats||2000||Asian Elephant, Bengal Tiger, Indian Leopard, Gaur, Sambar, Indian Peacock, Nilgiri flycatcher, Grey jungefowl|
|03||Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve||Tirunelveli and Kanyakumari districts||2016||Bengal Tiger, Asian Elephant, Nilgiri Tahr|
National Parks in Tamil Nadu
|Sr no||National Park||Location||Year of Est||Important Species||Special characteristics|
|01||Mudumalai National Park||Nilgiri district||1990||Indian leopards, Bengal tigers, Jungle cat, Golden jackals, Striped hyens|
|02||Mukurthi National Park||Nilgiri district||1982||Nilgiri tahr, Royal Bengal tiger,|
|03||Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park||Away from the east coast between Thoothukudi and Dhanushkodi||1980||Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphin, finless porpoise, spinner dolphin, Dugong, Green turtles|
|04||Guindy National Park||Chennai||1976||Blackbuck, Spotted deers, Jackals|
Wildlife Sanctuaries in Tamil Nadu
|Sr no||Wildlife Sanctuary||Location||Year of Est||Important Species||Special characteristics|
|01||Grizzled Squirrel Wildlife Sanctuary||Virudhunagar, Srivilliputtur, Madurai districts||1988||Grizzled giant squirrel, Bengal tiger, Niligiri Tahr, Lion-tailed macaques, Oriental white-backed vulture, Long-billed vulture, Nilgiri woodpigeon, broad-tailed grass warbler||Recognised as Important Bird Area|
|02||Kanyakumari Wildlife Sanctuary||Kanyakumari district||2002||Indian bison, Elephant, Indian rock python, Niligiri tahr, Sambar deer|
|03||Vallanadu Wildlife Sanctuary||Vallanadu Village of Srivaikundam Taluk||Blackbuck, Spotted deer, Jungle cat, Black naped hare||It is the southernmost place in India where a natural population of blackbuck exists|
|04||Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary||Palk Strait where it meets the Bay of Bengal at Point Calimere||1967||Blackbuck, Bottlenose dolphin, Olive Ridley turtle Spotted deer, Jackal, Short-nosed fruit bear, Small Indian civet, Feral pony||It is recognized as a Ramsar Wetland|
|05||Megamalai Wildlife Sanctuary||Theni district||1980s||Nilgiri Tahr, Lion-tailed Macaque, Great Indian Hornbill,|
|06||Kodaikanal Wildlife Sanctuary||Dindigul district||2008||Black Panther, giant malabar squirrels, civet cats, Porcupines, Wild Boar, Bison, Wood snake||The Palani Hills Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park is a proposed protected area. The park will be an upgrade and expansion of the Kodaikanal Wildlife Sanctuary|
|07||Gangaikondan Spotted Deer Sanctuary||Tirunelveli district||2013||Spotted deer, peafowls, mongoose,|
|08||Cauvery North Wildlife sanctuary||Dharmapuri and Krishnagiri districts||2014||Gaurs, spotted deer, Blackbucks, Sambar deer, Barking deer||Vital link to the MM Hills, BR Hills, Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary and Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve.|
|09||Nellai Wildlife Sanctuary||Tirunelveli district||Painted stokes, flamingoes|
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