Practice Reading Comprehension Quiz 16

Reading comprehension is an important part of the English Language section in any Bank PO and Government exam. Here’s Reading Comprehension Quiz 16 from our series of Practice Reading Comprehension Quiz. Take the Reading Comprehension Quiz 16 and share your scores in the comment section below.

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Reading Comprehension Quiz 16

Directions for Questions 1 to 8: Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

India’s colleges and universities, with just a few exceptions, have become large, under-funded, ungovernable institutions. At many of them, politics has intruded into campus life, influencing academic appointments and decisions across levels. Under investment in libraries, information technology, laboratories, and classrooms make it very difficult to provide top-quality instruction or engage in cutting-edge research. The rise in the number of part-time teachers and the freeze on new full-time appointments in many places has affected morale in the academic profession. The lack of accountability means that teaching and research performance is seldom measured. The system provides few incentives to perform. Bureaucratic inertia hampers change. Student unrest and occasional faculty agitation disrupt operations. Nevertheless, with a semblance of normality, faculty administrators are able to provide teaching, coordinate examinations, and award degrees.

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Even the small top tier of higher education faces serious problems. Many IIT graduates, well trained in technology, have chosen not to contribute their skills to the burgeoning technology sector in India. Half leave the country immediately upon graduation to pursue advanced study abroad – and most do not return. A stunning 86 per cent of students in science and technology fields from India who obtain degrees in the United States do not return home immediately following their study. Another significant group, of about 30 per cent, decides to earn MBAs in India because local salaries are higher — and are lost to science and technology. A corps of dedicated and able teachers work at the IITs and IIMs, but the lure of jobs abroad and in the private sector makes it increasingly difficult to retain the best and brightest to the academic profession.

Few in India are thinking creatively about higher education. There is no field of higher education research. Those in government as well as academic leaders seem content to do the “same old thing.” Academic institutions and systems have become large and complex. They need good data, careful analysis, and creative ideas. In China, more than two-dozen higher education research centers, and several government agencies are involved in higher education policy for optimum planning.

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India has survived with an increasingly mediocre higher education system for decades. Now as India strives to compete in a globalized economy in areas that require highly trained professionals, the quality of higher education becomes increasingly important. So far, India’s large educated population base and its reservoir of at least moderately well-trained university graduates have permitted the country to move ahead. But the competition is fierce. China in particular is heavily investing in improving its best universities with the aim of making a small group of them world class in the coming decade, and making a larger number internationally competitive research universities. 

To compete successfully in the knowledge-based economy of the 21st century. India needs enough universities that not only produce bright graduates for export but can also support sophisticated research in a number of scientific and scholarly fields and produce at least some of the knowledge and technology needed for an expanding economy. How can India build a higher education system that will permit it to join developed economies? The newly emerging private sector in higher education cannot spearhead academic growth. Several of the well-endowed and effectively managed private institutions maintain reasonably high standards, although it is not clear whether these institutions will be able to sustain themselves in the long run. They can help produce well-qualified graduates in such fields as management, but they cannot form the basis for comprehensive research universities. This sector lacks the resources to build the facilities required for quality instruction and research in the sciences. Most of the private institutions do not focus on advanced training in the sciences.

Only public universities have the potential to be truly world class institutions. But these institutions have not been adequately or consistently supported. The top institutions require sustained funding from public sources. Academic salaries must be high enough to attract excellent scientists and scholars. Fellowships and other grants should be available for bright students. An academic culture that is based on merit-based norms and competition for advancement and research funds is a necessary component, as is a judicious mix of autonomy to do creative research and accountability to ensure productivity. World class universities require world class professors and students and a culture to sustain and stimulate them.

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  1. What, according to the author, is the shortfall of our government officials as well as academicians when it comes to higher education?

(1) They are of the opinion that India has the best system of higher education in the world.

(2) They believe that it is the responsibility of private intuitions to bring about a change in higher education.

(3) They are unaware of the new developments in the field of higher education.

(4) They are unwilling to invest money in higher education despite getting sufficient grants for the purpose.

(5) They do not think innovatively in the direction of bringing about a change in higher education and are stuck in a rut.

  1. Which of the following is/are the problem/s faced by Indian colleges and universities?

(A) Political interference in decision making

(B) Lack of funding necessary for improvement in classrooms, libraries, etc.

(C) Hiring of teachers on a part time basis only.

(1) Only (A) 

(2) Only (B) and (C) 

(3) Only (C) 

(4) Only (A) and (B) 

(5) All (A) (B) and (C) 

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  1. Which of the following steps has China taken to improve higher education?

(A) Their education policy formation involves many governmental bodies for thoughtful planning.

(B) They are sanctioning grants to their teachers to facilitate the improvement process.

(C) They are investing in universities to make them internationally competitive.

(1) Only (B) 

(2) Only (A) and (C) 

(3) Only (C) 

(4) Only (B) and (C) 

(5) All (A) (B) and (C) 

  1. How, according to the author, hat India progressed despite a mediocre higher education system?

(1) By borrowing ideas as well at technology from the west

(2) By convincing the world Thai it is more knowledgeable that it actually is

(3) On the basis of its fairly competent graduates and a large number of educated population.

(4) Because of its sound and progressive economic policies.

(5) On the basis of the goodwill accumulated by it over the years,

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  1. Which of the following is possibly the most appropriate title for the passage?

(1) Literacy in India

(2) State of Higher Education in India

(3) Top Universities of India

(4) Educational Institutes in India

(5) Comparative Study of Higher Education in India and China

  1. Which of the following problems do top institutes in India face in terms of contribution to academics?

(A) The teachers of these institutes get enticed by the openings in foreign countries.

(B) Many graduates from these institutes find opportunities abroad and never return.

(C) Graduates from these institutes who do not migrate to foreign countries are unfit for teaching in these institutes.

(1) Only (A) 

(2) Only (C) 

(3) Only (B) and (C) 

(4) Only (A) and (B) 

(5) All (A) (B) and (C) 

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  1. Which of the following is true, in the context of the passage?

(A) Private universities are well equipped to produce graduates who can conduct research.

(B) India needs more universities that can cater to research studies in different scientific fields.

(C) India should completely stop graduates from leaving the country to pursue a career.

(1) Only (B) 

(2) Only (A) and (B) 

(3) Only (A) 

(4) Only (B) and (C) 

(5) All (A) (B) and (C) 

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  1. What, according to the author, is/are the step/s that can make Indian universities world class?

(A) Students need to be given independence to conduct research

(B) Remuneration of teachers should be increased

(C) Proper support in the form of funds should be provided to universities

(1) Only (A) and (B) 

(2) Only (C) 

(3) All (A) (B) and (C) 

(4) Only (B) and (C) 

(5) Only (A) 

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Answer key

Q1. Q2.    Q3.    Q4.    Q5.    Q6.    Q7.    Q8.   
5 5 2 3 2 4 1 4

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