Sarojini Naidu Birth Anniversary 2024 (13th February)

Sarojini Naidu Birth Anniversary 2024

Sarojini Naidu birth anniversary is celebrated on February 13th every year. She was a renowned Indian freedom fighter, poet, politician, and the first woman Governor of Uttar Pradesh. She was also the first Indian woman President of the Indian National Congress.

Sarojini Naidu

Early Life and Education

Sarojini Naidu was born on February 13, 1879, in Hyderabad. She was the daughter of Aghorenath Chattopadhyay, a Sanskrit scholar and politician, and Barada Sundari Devi, a poet and social reformer.

Naidu was a child prodigy and was fluent in several languages, including English, Hindi, Telugu, and Bengali. She began writing poetry at a young age and her work was published in several magazines and newspapers.

In 1895, Naidu traveled to England to study at King’s College London. She graduated with a degree in English literature in 1898.

Political Career

After returning to India, Naidu became involved in the Indian independence movement. She was a member of the Indian National Congress and actively participated in protests and demonstrations.

Naidu was a strong supporter of Mahatma Gandhi and his philosophy of non-violence. She was also a member of the All India Women’s Conference, an organization that advocated for women’s rights.

In 1925, Naidu became the first woman President of the Indian National Congress. She served in this position for one year.

Literary Career

Naidu was a gifted poet and her work is considered to be among the best in Indian literature. She was known for her lyrical style and her use of vivid imagery. Her poems often dealt with themes of love, nature, and social justice.

Naidu’s first collection of poems, The Golden Threshold, was published in 1905. It was a critical and commercial success and helped to establish her reputation as a poet.

Naidu’s other poetry collections include:

  • The Bird of Time
  • The Sceptred Flute
  • The Feather of the Dawn
  • The Gift of India
  • In the Bazaars of Hyderabad
  • The Temple
  • The Lake of Beauty
  • The Indian Weaver

Naidu’s poetry has been translated into several languages, including English, French, German, and Russian.

Public Service

After India gained independence in 1947, Naidu served as the Governor of Uttar Pradesh from 1947 to 1949. She was the first woman to hold this position.

Naidu was also a member of the Constituent Assembly of India, which was responsible for drafting the Indian Constitution.


Sarojini Naidu was a towering figure in Indian history and her legacy continues to inspire people around the world. She was a true pioneer for women’s rights and social justice, and her work continues to be relevant today.

Naidu is often referred to as the “Nightingale of India” for her beautiful poetry and her passionate advocacy for social justice.

Sarojini Naidu – The Nightingale of India

Sarojini Naidu was called the “Nightingale of India” due to her eloquent and melodious way of expressing herself. She was not only a prominent political figure but also a highly regarded poet. Her poetry was characterized by its lyricism, musicality, and a deep connection to the cultural and social issues of her time. The title “Nightingale of India” reflects her ability to captivate and inspire through her words, much like the nightingale, a bird known for its beautiful and enchanting songs. Sarojini Naidu’s literary contributions played a significant role in the Indian independence movement and beyond.

13th February 2024 Special Day

On February 13, 2024, India commemorates the birth anniversary of Sarojini Naidu, an eminent freedom fighter, poet, and trailblazing politician. Renowned for her pivotal role in the Indian independence movement, she scripted history as the first woman Governor of Uttar Pradesh and the inaugural Indian woman President of the Indian National Congress. This special day pays homage to Sarojini Naidu’s multifaceted contributions, celebrating her legacy of resilience, eloquence, and leadership.


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