The Hindu Editorial Daily Vocabulary Booster 19 August 2019

Reading the daily Editorial be it of any newspaper, is very beneficial not only for Vocabulary building but also gives you useful insights on the day to day happenings in the world. So, here we are with the today’s dose of daily vocabulary from the Editorial section of the Hindu Newspaper. You can read the Editorial here. In this blog “Daily Vocabulary 19 August 2019″, we have taken difficult words, explained their meanings with synonyms, antonyms and correct usage. Go through them below.

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The Hindu Editorial Daily Vocabulary 19 August 2019


Meanings & Synonyms



Adversary One’s opponent in a contest, conflict, or dispute;

Opponent, Rival, Enemy, Foe, Nemesis, Antagonist, Combatant, Challenger, Contender

Ally, Supporter He saw her as his main adversary within the company.
Ambiguity The quality of being open to more than one interpretation;

Inexactness, Ambivalence, Equivocation

Unambiguousness, Transparency Be as precise as possible in your answer, so that there is no ambiguity.


Deterrence The action of discouraging an action or event through instilling doubt or fear of the consequences; Catalyst, Goad, Impetus, Incentive, Spur, Stimulant,  The author argues that deterrence is no longer the best way to prevent war.
Efficacious Of something inanimate or abstract successful in producing a desired or intended result;

Effective, Successful, Effectual, Productive, Constructive, Fruitful, Potent, Powerful

Fruitless, Ineffective, Ineffectual, Inefficient, Inoperative, Unfruitful, Unproductive, Useless In the past 20 years, this technology has proved efficacious.
Efficacy The ability to produce a desired or intended result;

Effectiveness, Success, Successfulness, Productiveness, Fruitfulness

Ineffectiveness, Ineffectuality, Ineffectualness, Inefficiency Vaccines exist, but their efficacy against aerosolized plague is unknown.
Enigmatic Difficult to interpret or understand; Mysterious, Puzzling, Hard to understand Straightforward He left an enigmatic message on my answering machine.
Envision To imagine or expect that something is a likely or desirable possibility in the future;

Anticipate, Conceive, Contemplate, Envisage, Foresee

Existent, Real.


The company envisions adding at least five stores next year.
Punitive Inflicting or intended as punishment;

Penal, Disciplinary, Corrective, Correctional, Retributive

Acquitting, Exculpating, Exculpatory, Exonerating, Vindicating, Absolving The UN has imposed punitive sanctions on the invading country.
Retaliation The action of returning a military attack; Counterattack, Revenge, Vengeance, Reprisal, Retribution, Requital, Recrimination Forgiveness, Pardon, Remission If someone insults you, don’t retaliate as it only makes the situation worse.
Stagger Walk or move unsteadily, as if about to fall;

Astonish or deeply shock;

Amaze, Nonplus, Startle, Astound, Surprise

Continue, Dive in, plunge in, Stay, Carry on, Stride;


Calm, Clarify, Enlighten, Expect, Explain


He staggered all his colleagues by suddenly announcing that he was leaving the company at the end of the month.

We hope that you find the blog “Daily Vocabulary 19 August 2019 and its contents beneficial. Stay-tuned to Oliveboard for more such articles. 

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