Data Interpretation Questions, Formula, Example, Download PDF

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What is Data Interpretation?

Data interpretation questions form a significant part of banking exams, aiming to evaluate a candidate’s ability to analyze and draw conclusions from complex numerical data. These questions demand proficiency in interpreting graphs, charts, and tables to solve quantitative problems. Skills in data analysis, calculation, and logical reasoning are essential for success in this section.

Data Interpretation Examples

Data Interpretation is of different forms and we have mentioned below the examples of the data interpretation for the candidates.

Table Interpretation: The table below represents the sales data of a company for the past five years. Calculate the average annual sales during this period and determine the year with the highest sales.

Year Sales (In Million)

Bar Graph Interpretation: The bar graph displays the monthly expenditure (in thousands) of a household for various categories. Determine the month with the highest expenditure and calculate the total expenditure for the year.

Line Graph Interpretation: The line graph represents the temperature fluctuations (in degrees Celsius) in a city over a week. Identify the day with the lowest temperature and calculate the average temperature during this period.

Data Interpretation Methods

Data interpretation is a technique for analyzing and making sense of numerical data that must be collected, analyzed, and presented. When data is acquired, it is usually in a raw form that is difficult for the average person to comprehend, which is why analysts try to break down the information gathered so that others can understand it. 

Two methods of data interpretation are qualitative methods and quantitative methods.

Qualitative Method

This method is used for the analysis of qualitative data, which is called categorical data. In this method, the text is used instead of numbers or patterns for the representation of the data.

This data first needs to be coded into numbers. This coding is also documented as it will help others in the future. Qualitative data are of two types ordinal and nominal. Both of the data types are performed using the same method. However, the interpretation of ordinal data is easier in comparison to nominal data. 

Quantitative Method

This method is used for the analysis of quantitative data, which is called numerical data. This type includes numbers and can be analyzed with the help of numbers instead of text. They are divided into two main types such as continuous and discrete data. There are further two types of continuous data, namely interval data and ratio data. In this technique, this coding method is not required. In this, statistical techniques like mean, median, mode, standard deviation, etc., are used.

Data Interpretation Formula

While data interpretation questions in banking exams often require a combination of analytical skills and logical reasoning, knowing some common formulas can be helpful for solving certain types of problems. Here are a few formulas commonly used in data interpretation questions:

  1. Average: Average = (Sum of all values) / (Number of values)
  2. Percentage: Percentage = (Part / Whole) x 100
  3. Profit/Loss: Profit = Selling Price – Cost Price Loss = Cost Price – Selling Price Profit/Loss Percentage = (Profit/Loss / Cost Price) x 100
  4. Simple Interest: Simple Interest = (Principal x Rate x Time) / 100
  5. Compound Interest: Compound Interest = Principal x [(1 + Rate/100) ^ Time] – Principal
  6. Ratio and Proportion: If two quantities are in a ratio of a:b, their proportion can be expressed as a:b or a/b.
  7. Percentile: Percentile = (Number of values below a certain value / Total number of values) x 100

Data Interpretation PDF

Our Experts have curated the Data Interpretation E-book consisting of more than 150 questions. These questions will help candidates in their banking preparation journey. We have mentioned below the direct link to download the Data Interpretation PDF for all aspiring candidates.

How To Download The Free 200 Most Important DI Questions e-book?

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Step 3: After Logging in, you will be able to download the free e-book.

Data Interpretation Questions

Directions (Q1 – Q5): Study the information given below and answer the following questions:

Mr X has built a mansion with 10 rooms. He was confused about the colours he should use while painting each room. He had the following choice of colours: blue, hazy grey, jumping yellow, teal, violet latte, Terry Cherry and happy pink. It was also known that he could paint more than 1 room with a single colour. Finally, he set up an algorithm to decide the colours that he would be using.

  • If he painted any room teal, then he did not paint any other room happy pink.
  • If he painted any room blue, then he did not paint any other room jumping yellow.
  • If he painted any room blue, then he painted at least one room happy pink.
  • If he painted any room jumping yellow, then he painted at least one room violet latte.
  • If he painted any room violet latte, then he painted at least one room happy pink.
  • If he painted any room happy pink, then he painted at least rooms happy pink.

Q 1. Which one of the following could be a complete list of the number of rooms and colours that Mr X used to paint some of the rooms of his house?

  1. one blue, one Terry cherry, one violet latte, two happy pink
  2. one blue, one teal, one Terry cherry, three happy pink
  3. two blue, one teal, three Terry Cherry
  4. one jacket, one Terry cherry, two violet latte and one happy pink

Q 2. If Mr. X did not paint any room happy pink, what was the maximum number of the different types of colours that he could paint ?

  1. two
  2. three
  3. four
  4. five

Q 3. Which one of the following statements must be false?

  1. Mr. X painted exactly four rooms with colours, one of which was a hat.
  2. Mr. X painted exactly three rooms with colours, one of which was a happy pink.
  3. Mr. X painted exactly four rooms with colours, one of which was a blue.
  4. None of these

Q 4. If Mr. X painted as many different types of colours as possible, then it must be true that he did not paint one of the following types of colours.

  1. blue
  2. hazy grey
  3. teal
  4. jumping yellow

Q 5. If Mr. X painted at least one room, find out which one of the following are the minimum and the maximum numbers of the types of colours that he could paint ?

  1. 1, 4
  2. 1, 5
  3. 1, 6
  4. 2, 5


Free Mock test

Data Interpretation is an important section for any and every exam that you will give. It is part of almost every Preliminary and Main exam of any recruitment from private to public sector jobs. Regular concentrated practice is required to get a hang of this section. We hope this question bank will provide the practice that you require.

Best of luck!

Data Interpretation – Frequently Asked Questions

Q.1 What is Data Interpretation?

Ans. Data interpretation is the process of analyzing and making sense of data presented in various forms such as graphs, charts, or tables.

Q.2 What are the types of Data Interpretation Questions?

Ans. There are various types of Data Interpretation Questions like Linear Graph, Bar Graph, Tabular, Caselet, etc.


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