National Statistics Day 2024 (29th June), Theme & History

National Statistics Day 2024

National Statistics Day falls on June 29th, 2024. It commemorates the birth anniversary of Professor Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis, considered the father of Indian statistics. The day highlights the importance of statistics in national planning, development, and informed decision-making.

National Statistics Day Theme 2024

As of today, the theme for National Statistics Day 2024 has not been announced yet.

History of National Statistics Day

The story of National Statistics Day in India unfolds like a fascinating chapter in the nation’s journey towards development and data-driven progress. Let’s delve into its history:

The Father of Indian Statistics

  • 1893: The journey begins with the birth of Professor Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis on June 29, 1893. A brilliant statistician, his pioneering work laid the foundation for statistical research and application in India.
  • Shaping National Planning: Mahalanobis played a crucial role in India’s post-independence economic planning. He conceptualized the “Mahalanobis Model,” emphasizing industrial development and self-reliance.
  • Statistical Institutions and Surveys: He established the Indian Statistical Institute (ISI) in 1931. It is a premier institute for statistical research and training. He also led groundbreaking surveys like the Pilot Survey of 1937, paving the way for large-scale data collection.

Celebrating the Contribution of Statistics

  • 2007: Recognizing Mahalanobis’s immense contribution, the Government of India declared his birthday, June 29th, as National Statistics Day in 2007. The day served as a platform to acknowledge the importance of statistics in national development.
  • Raising Awareness and Promoting Use: Since then, National Statistics Day has become an annual event aimed at:
    • Highlighting the role of statistics in policy formulation, decision-making, and social progress.
    • Educating the public about statistical concepts and data literacy.
    • Encouraging the use of data in everyday life and promoting evidence-based decision-making.
  • Themes and Initiatives: Each year, a specific theme is chosen for National Statistics Day. It focuses on a relevant issue or area where statistics play a crucial role. Previous themes have included “Statistics for Sustainable Development,” “Data Innovation for Good Governance,” and “Statistics for Equity and Inclusiveness.”

Beyond a Day, a Continuous Movement

National Statistics Day in India is not just a day of celebration; it represents a continuous effort to:

  • Improve data collection and analysis: The government is investing in strengthening statistical infrastructure and data quality.
  • Promote statistical literacy: Educational initiatives are being undertaken to enhance public understanding of data and statistics.
  • Foster collaborations: Partnerships with institutions, research bodies, and the private sector are encouraged to harness the power of data for development.

The Future of Statistics in India

As India strives for progress and prosperity, National Statistics Day serves as a vital reminder of the crucial role statistics play in shaping its future. By actively promoting data literacy, encouraging responsible data use, and continuously improving data quality, India can leverage the power of statistics to ensure inclusive and sustainable development for all.

Significance of National Statistics Day

National Statistics Day, celebrated on June 29th in India, holds significant meaning for various reasons, reaching beyond mere academic commemoration:

  • Paying Tribute: It serves as a day to honor the legacy of Professor Mahalanobis, the “father of Indian statistics,” acknowledging his pioneering contributions and dedication to the field.
  • Inspiring Future Generations: His story of innovation and commitment to data-driven approaches inspires young minds to pursue careers in statistics and contribute to national progress.
  • Raising Awareness: The day sheds light on the crucial role of statistics in diverse aspects of Indian life, including policy formulation, development planning, and social welfare initiatives.
  • Data Literacy: It promotes public understanding of the importance of statistics and encourages data literacy among citizens, empowering them to critically evaluate information and make informed decisions.
  • Evidence-Based Policy: It reinforces the importance of using reliable statistical data to guide policy decisions across sectors like healthcare, education, agriculture, and infrastructure.
  • Monitoring and Evaluation: Statistics serve as vital indicators to track the progress of development programs and identify areas requiring improvement, ensuring efficient resource allocation and effective interventions.
  • Investing in Statistical Infrastructure: It emphasizes the need for continuous improvement and investment in the statistical infrastructure, including the development of robust data collection methods, analysis tools, and research capabilities.
  • Global Collaboration: National Statistics Day can be a platform to promote international collaboration in the field of statistics, fostering knowledge sharing and joint research efforts towards global challenges.

In conclusion, National Statistics Day in India transcends a single day of celebration. It serves as a reminder of the vital role of statistics in shaping the nation’s future, a tribute to the visionary contributions of Professor Mahalanobis, and a call for continued investment in data-driven approaches for a more informed, equitable, and prosperous society.

PC Mahalanobis Birth Anniversary 2024

Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis was an Indian statistician and economist who is widely regarded as the father of modern statistics in India. He was born on June 29, 1893, in Calcutta, British India (now Kolkata).

Mahalanobis studied physics at Presidency College, Calcutta. He then studied mathematics and statistics at Cambridge University, England. After graduating from Cambridge, he returned to India and joined the Indian Civil Service.

Mahalanobis was a recipient of numerous awards and honors, including the Padma Vibhushan, India’s second-highest civilian award. He was also elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of London, one of the highest honors in the field of science.

Mahalanobis’s most notable contributions

  • In 1928, Mahalanobis founded the Indian Statistical Institute (ISI) in Calcutta. The ISI quickly became one of the leading statistical institutions in the world. Mahalanobis served as its director until he died in 1972.
  • Mahalanobis made significant contributions to the development of statistical theory and methods. He is best known for his work on the Mahalanobis distance, a statistical measure used to compare two or more data sets. The Mahalanobis distance is widely used in a variety of fields, including statistics, machine learning, and data mining.
  • Mahalanobis also played a key role in the development of India’s economic planning. He was a member of the first Planning Commission of India. He helped to develop the country’s first five-year plan.

Mahalanobis was a visionary leader who helped to shape the field of statistics. His work has had a lasting impact on the development of the country. It continues to be used by statisticians and economists around the world.

29th June 2024 Special Day

On June 29, 2024, National Statistics Day pays tribute to Professor Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis, revered as the father of Indian statistics. This special day commemorates his birth anniversary, emphasizing the vital role of statistics in national planning, development, and informed decision-making. Let’s recognize the profound impact of statistical insights on shaping policies and guiding the trajectory of a nation’s progress, honoring the legacy of Professor Mahalanobis and the significance of National Statistics Day.


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