20 Score Boosting SSC CGL 2020 Topics [With Expected Questions]

SSC is just a few days away from conducting the CGL examination 2020 for various posts in different ministries and departments. With such a less time for the exam, you must be deeply engrossed in your preparations.

To help you with your preparations we have brought a list of SSC CGL important topics with different sample questions that have appeared in the previous year examination which is important for the upcoming examination.

In this blog, we will provide you the list of important topics that can be asked in the SSC CGL 2020 Tier 1 examination as SSC CGL 2020 is also expected around the similar pattern as appeared in the previous year. Let’s start with the blog to get the idea of the important topics and types of questions that can be asked.

SSC CGL Important Topics 

Here’s a section-wise list of all the SSC CGL important topics that are probable to appear in this years’ examination. Let’s have a look at the important topics with the different sample questions to make the understanding more better.

SSC CGL Important Topics | Quantitative Aptitude

The list of the SSC CGL important topics from the examination point of view for SSC CGL 2020 are as follows:

  • DI (Table & Graph-Based)
  • Geometry
  • Mensuration
  • Trigonometry
  • Arithmetic

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SSC CGL Previous Year Questions Distribution

Here is the distribution of the questions that appeared over the last 3 years in the examination.

Topics/Year 2018 2017 2016
DI 4 5 4
Geometry 2 5 4
Mensuration 3 3 4
Trigonometry 4 5 3
Arithmetic 9 10 11

1. Data Interpretation (DI) (Table & Graph-Based)

In Data Interpretation, we are given data in the form of visuals, like table, graph, chart, etc. and a set of questions that follow. Let’s have a look at the type of questions that comes under this section.

Study the following data and answer the following questions

The table shows the production of different types of cars (in thousands) Years 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Cars

Years/ Cars 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
A 30 35 48 45 56
B 42 48 40 38 56
C 48 36 38 35 44
D 51 24 30 46 54
E 20 42 40 35 43

Q1) If the data related to the production of cars of type E is represented by a pie chart, then the central angle of the sector representing the data of the production of cars in 2013 will be:

(1) 102°
(2) 84°
(3) 70°
(4) 80°

Correct Answer: “2”

Q2) What is the ratio of the total production of cars of type A in 2014 and type C in 2013 taken together to the total production of cars of type B in 2016 and type E in 2015 taken together?

(1) 12 : 13
(2) 11 : 12
(3) 10 : 11
(4) 12 : 11

Correct Answer: “1” 

Q3) The total production of type B cars in 2012, 2014 and 2015 taken together is approximately what percent more than the total production of type A cars in 2013 and 2016 taken together?

(1) 31.9
(2) 33.2
(3) 36.3
(4) 34.4

Correct Answer: “1”

Q4) The number of years, in which the production of cars of type B is less than the average production of type D cars over the years is:

(1) 4
(2) 1
(3) 3
(4) 2

Correct Answer: “4”

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2. Geometry

In Geometry questions based on the sizes, shapes, positions angles and dimensions of things are asked. Let’s have a look at the different questions that can be asked. Find a few sample questions that can be asked in the upcoming examination.

Q1) In ΔABC, ∠ABC = 15º. D is a point on BC such that AD=BD. What is the measure of ∠ADC (in degrees)?

(1) 15
(2) 30
(3) 45
(4) 60

Correct Answer: “2”

Q2) In ΔABC, F and E are the points on sides AB and AC, respectively such that FE || BC and FE divides the triangle into two parts of equal area. If ADBC and AD intersects FE at G, then GD : AG?

(1) √2 : 1
(2) (√2-1) : 1
(3) 2√2 : 1
(4) (√2+1) : 1

Correct Answer: “2”

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3. Mensuration

Mensuration deals with the problems of finding the area of the figures like the area of triangle, area of quadrilateral, etc. Below are a few sample questions for practice. Want to practice more? Take a free test here

Sample Questions

Q1) A solid cube of volume 13824 cm3 is cut into 8 cubes of equal volumes. The ratio of the surface  area of the original cube to the sum of the surface areas of three of the smaller cubes is:

(1) 2:3
(2) 4:3
(3) 8:3
(4) 2:1

Correct Answer: “2”

Q2) The length of the diagonal of a square is 9√2 cm. The square is reshaped to form a triangle. What is the area (in cm²) of the largest incircle that can be formed in that triangle?

(1) 6π
(2) 9 π
(3) 12π
(4) 15π

Correct Answer: “3”

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4. Trigonometry

In Trigonometry questions are asked on the relationships between side lengths and angles of triangles. Here are a few questions for practice.

Sample Questions

Q1) If 4 – 2sin²θ – 5 cosθ = 0, 0°<θ<90°, then the value of sinθ+tanθ is:

(1) 3√2/2
(2) 3√3/2
(3) 3√2
(4) 2√3

Correct Answer: “2”

Q2) If 2y cosΘ = x sinΘ and 2x secΘ – y cosecΘ = 3, then what is the value of x²+4y²?

(1) 4
(2) 1
(3) 2
(4) 5

Correct Answer: “1”

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5. Arithmetic

This topic consists of a mixture of questions based on the arithmetic topics like Time & Work, Time Speed & Distance, Simple Interest & Compound Interest, Profit & Loss, Percentage, Ratio & Proportion, etc.

Sample Questions

Q1) In a village panchayat society 574 names are enlisted as ‘below poverty level’. If 14% of the villagers are below the poverty level, the total number of villagers is?

(1) 4100
(2) 4200
(3) 4000
(4) 3800

Correct Answer: “1”

Q2) A person lent Rs 10,000 to B for 3 years and Rs 6000 to B for 4 years on Simple Interest at the same rate of interest and received Rs 5400 in all from both of them as interest. What is the rate of interest (in%)?

(1) 10
(2) 12.5
(3) 15
(4) 20

Correct Answer: “1”

Q3) The value of 2×3÷2 of 3×2÷(4+4×4÷4 of 4-4÷4×4) is:

(1) 8
(2) 1
(3) 4
(4) 2

Correct Answer: “4”

Q4)  A truck covers a distance of 384 km at a certain speed. If the speed is decreased by 16 km/h, it will take 2 hours more to cover the same distance. 75% of its original speed (in km/h) is:

(1) 45
(2) 54
(3) 48
(4) 42

Correct Answer: “3”

Q5) After giving two successive discounts each of x% on the marked price of an article total discount is Rs.259.20. If the marked price of the article is Rs.720, then the value of x is:

(1) 18
(2) 24
(3) 20
(4) 25

Correct Answer: “3”

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SSC CGL Important Topics | General Intelligence & Reasoning

This section tests your logical and thinking skills. Here is a list of SSC CGL Important Topics. Topics are based on the questions appeared in the previous year examination.

  • Coding-Decoding
  • Counting Figure, Complete Figure, Hidden Figure
  • Mirror Image & Paper Folding
  • Venn Diagram
  • Miscellaneous Questions

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SSC CGL Previous Years Questions Distribution

Topics/Year 2018 2017 2016
Coding-Decoding 3 2 2
Counting Figure, Completing Figure, Hidden Figure 3 2 2
Mirror Image, Paper Folding 2 2 1
Venn Diagram 1 2 1
Miscellaneous 3 6 9

1. Coding-Decoding 

In Coding-Decoding you are given a word coded in a particular way and you are asked to code the other word in the same way. Let us look at the type of questions to understand better.

Sample Questions

Q1) If DIG is coded as 25 and CUT is coded as 49, then how will KICK be coded as?

(1) 43
(2) 39
(3) 41
(4) 34

Correct Answer: “2”

Q2) In a code language, VICTORY is written as CIVSYRO. How will TRAITOR be written as in that


Correct Answer: “4”

Master Coding-Decoding Questions! Practice Coding-Coding Questions Here

2. Counting Figure, Complete Figure, Hidden Figure

Sample Questions

Q1) Select the figure that will come next in the following figure series.

SSC CGL Important Topics

(1) a
(2) b
(3) c
(4) d

Correct Answer: “4”

Q2) Select the option in which the given figure is embedded.

(1) a
(2) b
(3) c
(4) d

Correct Answer: “4”

Q3) How many squares are there in the following figure?

(1) 12
(2) 16
(3) 13
(4) 14

Correct Answer: “4”

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3. Mirror Image & Paper Folding

Sample Questions

Q1) A paper is folded and cut as shown below. How will it appear when unfolded?

(1) a
(2) b
(3) c
(4) d

Correct Answer:”4″

Q2) Select the correct mirror image of the given figure when the mirror is placed to the right of the figure?

(1) a
(2) b
(3) c
(4) d

Correct Answer: “4”

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4. Venn Diagram 

A Venn diagram is a diagram that shows all possible logical relations between a finite collection of different sets. These diagrams depict elements as points in the plane and sets as regions inside closed curves. [source: wikipedia]

Sample Questions

Q) Select the Venn diagram that best illustrates the relationship between the following classes.
Uncle, Relatives, Rich

(1) a
(2) b
(3) c
(4) d

Correct Answer: “4”

5. Miscellaneous

Sample Questions

Q1) In a family of eight persons, there are two couples, each having two children. B and D are brothers and each has two children. E is the aunt of A, who is the cousin brother of C. C is the sister of  H, who is the cousin brother of G. F is the wife of B. How is H related to F

(1) Nephew
(2) Son-in-law
(3) Son
(4) Brother-in-law

Correct Answer: “1”

Q2) Arrange the following words in a logical and meaningful order.
I. Buy
II. Dinner
III. Market
IV. Vegetables
V. Cook

(1) 1, 4, 5, 3, 2
(2) 3, 5, 4, 1, 2
(3) 4, 5, 3, 1, 2
(4) 3, 4, 1, 5, 2

Correct Answer: “4”

Q3) Two different positions of the same dice are shown. What number will be at the top if 6 is at the bottom?

(1) 4
(2) 3
(3) 5
(4) 2

Correct Answer: “4”

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SSC CGL Important Topics | English Comprehension

English section over the years has maintained a very similar pattern. To help you with the important topics here is a list of them with sample questions. Topics are based on the questions appeared in the previous year examination.

  • Active and Passive Voice
  • Cloze Test
  • Sentence Improvement
  • Synonyms and Antonyms
  • Reading Comprehension

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SSC CGL Previous Years Question Distribution

Topics/Year 2018 2017 2016
Active & Passive Voice 4 2
Cloze Test/ Reading Comprehension 5 5 5
Sentence Improvement 4 3 3
Synonyms & Antonyms 5 4 4
Para jumbles 5 5 5

1. Active and Passive Voice

The active voice describes a sentence where the subject performs the action stated by the verb. With passive voice, the subject is acted upon by the verb. It makes for a murky, roundabout sentence; you can be more straightforward with active voice. [source: Google]

Sample Questions

Q1) Select the correct active form of the given sentence.
Every passing vehicle was being thoroughly checked by the guards.

(1) The guards were thoroughly checking every passing vehicle.
(2) The guards have thoroughly checked every passing vehicle.
(3) Every passing vehicle were thoroughly checking the guards.
(4) The guards have been thoroughly checking every passing vehicle.

Correct Answer: “1”

Q2) Select the correct passive form of the given sentence.
Do not buy medicines without the doctor’s prescription.

(1) Medicines should not be bought without the doctor’s prescription
(2) Medicines need not be bought without the doctor’s prescription
(3) Medicines might not be bought without the doctor’s prescription
(4) Medicines could not be bought without the doctor’s prescription

Correct Answer: “1”

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2. Cloze Test/ Reading Comprehension

In this, a story-based or a factual paragraph is given with multiple blanks in between. You have to go through the previous and following lines to understand and fill the correct answer in the blank. Options are usually given for this type of question.

Sample Questions

In the following passage some words have been deleted, fill in the blanks with the help of the alternatives given. Select the most appropriate option for each blank.

Seoul’s city government is asking people for help to correct poorly translated street signs with prizes on offer for (1) who spot the most errors. It’s running (2)  two-week campaign calling on Koreans and foreigners (3) to keep their eyes peeled for (4)_ in English, Japanese and Chinese text, the Korea Times reports.  There’s a (5) focus on public transport signs, maps and information signs at historic sites as part of a drive to improve the experience of foreign tourists in the South Korean capital.

Q1) Select the most appropriate option for blank No.1.

(1) this
(2) those
(3) that
(4) these

Correct Answer: “2”

Q2) Select the most appropriate option for blank No.2.

(1) one
(2) the
(3) an
(4) a

Correct Answer: “4”

Q3) Select the most appropriate option for blank No.3

(1) same
(2) similarly
(3) alike
(4) likely

Correct Answer: “3”

Q4) Select the most appropriate option for blank No.4

(1) guffaws
(2) blunder
(3) oversight
(4) mistakes

Correct Answer: “4”

Q5) Select the most appropriate option for blank No.5

(1) particular
(2) important
(3) signifying
(4) meticulous

Correct Answer: “1”

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3. Sentence Improvement Sample Questions

Sample Questions

Q1) Select the most appropriate option to substitute the underlined segment in the given sentence.
If no substitution is required, select No improvement.
The workers of this textile factory demand higher wages for a long time.

(1) have been demanding higher wages
(2) demanded higher wages
(3) No improvement
(4) has demanded higher wages

Correct Answer: “1”

Q2) Select the most appropriate option to substitute the underlined segment in the given sentence.

If no substitution is required, select No improvement.
If you park your car here, the traffic police has fined you.

(1) will fine you
(2) No improvement
(3) fine you
(4) fined you

Correct Answer: “1”

Enough of Sample Questions. Practice Complete Set Here

4. Synonyms and Antonyms 

Sample Questions

Q1) Select the antonym of the given word

(1) inflation
(2) augmentation
(3) extension
(4) compression

Correct Answer: “4”

Q2) Select the antonym of the given word

(1) scanty
(2) few
(3) seldom
(4) plentiful

Correct Answer: “4”  

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5. Para jumbles

Para jumbles are jumbled paragraphs. In, this you are given a paragraph in a form of different sentences that are not in the right order. You have to rearrange all the sentences so they logically make sense. Here are a few sample questions which were asked in previous years examination.

Sample Questions 

Q1) Given below are four jumbled sentences. Select the option that gives their correct order.

A. The café’s owner says he’s interested in conservation and hopes customers will realise the animals are worth saving, even though they often have a bad reputation.
B. None of them are venomous, meaning customers can get up close and personal with the reptiles.
C. Here you sip your drink in the company of 35 snakes.
D. This café, which has just opened in Tokyo, is not for the faint-hearted.

(1) DBCA
(2) DCBA
(3) ACDB
(4) ABDC

Correct Answer: “2”

Q2) Given below are four jumbled sentences. Select the option that gives their correct order.

A. An environmental group performed a necropsy on the animal and found about 40 kilograms of plastic, including grocery bags and rice sacks.
B. A 4.7-metre-long whale died on Saturday in the Philippines where it was stranded a day earlier.
C. “It’s very disgusting and heartbreaking,” he said. “We’ve done necropsies on 61 dolphins and whales in the last 10 years and this is one of the biggest amounts of plastic we’ve seen.”
D. “The animal died from starvation and was unable to eat because of the trash filling its stomach,” said Darrell Blatchley, Director of D’ Bone Collector Museum Inc.

(1) ABDC
(2) DABC
(3) BADC
(4) BACD

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SSC CGL Important Topics | General Awareness

General awareness is considered to be one of the highest-scoring sections of SSC CGL examination. This section tests the candidates’ general knowledge occurring around the world.

General Awareness section carries quite a good proportion of marks in the SSC CGL examination. If prepared properly, this section fetches you very high marks thus increasing your overall marks and ultimately increasing your probability of getting selected.

To help you with your preparation, here are a few important topics devised from the last few years’ paper distribution.

  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • History 
  • Physics
  • Current Affairs & Static GK

SSC CGL Previous Year Question Distribution

Topics/Year 2018 2017 2016
Biology 3 2 2
Chemistry 4 3 2
History 4 3 4
Physics 2 4 3
Current Affairs & Static GK 8 3 4

1. Biology

Sample Questions

Q1) What is the name of the hormone produced by the thymus gland?

(1) Thyroxine
(2) Auxins
(3) Cytokinins
(4) Thymosin

Correct Answer: “4”

Q2) Photosynthesis takes place in the presence of chlorophyll and _________.

(1) water
(2) nutrients
(3) carbon dioxide
(4) sunlight

Correct Answer: “4”

Practice More Probable Biology Questions Here

2. Chemistry

Sample Questions

Q1) The property of catenation is predominant in ______.

(1) sulphur
(2) nitrogen
(3) silicon
(4) carbon

Correct Answer: “4”

Q2) What is the chemical formula for Sodium Chloride (Salt)?

(1) NaCl2
(2) NaCl
(3) Na2Cl
(4) Na2C

Correct Answer: “2”

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3. History

Sample Questions

Q1) Gandhiji’s Satyagraha meant an attachment to the following two elements

(1) Knowledge and Religion
(2) Truth and Non-Violence
(3) Truth and Chastity
(4) Love of motherland and hate for colonial masters

Correct Answer: “2”

Q2) Who was the first Englishman to appear in the Mughal Court during Jahangir’s reign?

(1) Paul Canning
(2) Captain William Hawkins
(3) William Edward
(4) Ralph Witch

Correct Answer: “2”

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4. Physics

Sample Questions

Q1) J.J Thomson received the Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of ________.

(1) Protons
(2) Electrons
(3) Neutrons
(4) Positrons

Correct Answer: “2”

Q2) If the object appears enlarged and inverted in a rearview mirror, then which type of mirror is used?

(1) Concave
(2) Convex
(3) Cylindrical
(4) Plane

Correct Answer: “1”

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5. Current Affairs & Static GK

Sample Questions

Q1) ______dance, performed by Buddhists to ward off evil spirits, is a dance form of  Himachal Pradesh.

(1) Chham
(2) Natya
(3) Dham
(4) Gogra

Correct Answer: “1”

Q2) The Musi and Bhima are tributaries of the river_______. 

(1) Mahanadi
(2) Krishna
(3) Kaveri
(4) Brahmaputra

Correct Answer: “2”

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SSC CGL Important Topics Preparation Tips (Section-Wise)

SSC CGL Quantitative Aptitude Preparation Tips

SSC CGL preparation for the Quantitative Aptitude section should be based on practice, practice and practice.

Master the basic formulas of Maths in your SSC CGL preparation.

Accuracy and Speed are the keys to scoring maximum marks in this section.

Identify your weak areas and work extra hard on them during your SSC CGL Preparation and solve previous year SSC CGL question paper.

Do not get stuck in one type of problem, look for the new types and solve as many as you can.

Data Interpretation can fetch you good marks. Try solving different types to make the best of it.

Geometry has the maximum weightage and is a bit tricky, but a regular revision can make you aware of the important details. Practice Free Geometry Questions Here

Practice all the trigonometric identities and solve the different types based on it. Practice Free Trigonometry Questions Here

SSC CGL General Intelligence & Reasoning Preparation Tips

This section is more of a tricky and often time-consuming if the approach gets distorted in the way. One has to practice at least 20-30 questions daily in order to attempt questions of each type.

Prioritize the previous year SSC CGL Reasoning questions for the Tier I exam. Start with the easy questions and then move onto difficult ones.

While starting the preparation of Reasoning focus on understanding the basics of various question types.

There are plenty of tricks for reasoning. Master them by practicing the maximum number of questions.

Switch the topic on a daily basis so that you can prepare more types of questions from every topic.

Give more time and practice for comparatively difficult topics. Practice Free Reasoning Questions Here

SSC CGL English Language Preparation Tips

To enhance your vocabulary you will have to read a lot. Make a habit of reading newspapers, books, etc. daily and make a note of important words you come across and revise them once in 2 days to keep them refreshed.

Grammar is the bedrock of the language.  It consists of words, antonyms, synonyms, phrases, idioms, prepositions, articles, active-passive voice, direct indirect speech and many more. Read, understand and learn all the Grammar rules and you will be able to correctly answer all the questions based on grammar. Practice Free Grammar Tests Here.

This is all from us in this SSC CGL Important Topics. I hope the information shared above will help you in your upcoming examination and give your preparation a final brush up. Prepare well and be confident about your preparation.


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