The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is an international statement enshrining the rights and freedoms of all people adopted by the United Nations General Assembly. It was drafted by the UN committee chaired by Eleanor Roosevelt. It was accepted by the General Assembly as Resolution 217 on December 10, 1948 at the Palais de Chaillot in Paris, France, during its third session. UDHR is an important declaration and knowing about it is important for various government exams.
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The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a milestone document in the history of human rights. It was drafted by representatives from different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world. The Declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December 1948 (General Assembly resolution 217 A) with 48 members voting in favour, 0 against, 8 abstaining and 2 not voting. It has been translated into 500 languages. For the first time, it set out the fundamental human rights to be universally protected.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights – Overview
- The 30 rights and freedoms set out in the UDHR include the right to asylum, the right to freedom from torture, the right to free speech and the right to education. It includes civil and political rights, like the right to life, liberty, free speech, and privacy. It also includes economic, social, and cultural rights, like the right to social security, health, and education.
- Seven decades later and the rights included in UDHR continue to form the basis for all international human rights law.
- The Universal Declaration is not a treaty, so it does not legally binding for countries but it formed the basis for other treaties which are legally binding such as:
- the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and
- the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)
Significance of the UDHR
The UDHR is widely recognized as having inspired and paved the way for, the adoption of more than seventy human rights treaties, applied today on a permanent basis at global and regional levels.
History of the UDHR
Mrs. Roosevelt is recognized as the driving force for the Declaration’s adoption.
- After the experience of the Second World War, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on December 10, 1948.
- With the establishment of the United Nations, the world community vowed that crimes like those committed during that fight should never happen again.
- World leaders resolved to add a road plan to the UN Charter to ensure that everyone’s rights are protected everywhere.
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UDHR was adopted on December 10, 1948.
No, UDHR is not legally binding.
UDHR consists of 30 articles.
Eleanor Roosevelt was the chairman of drafting committee of UDHR
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