When it comes to the preparations of the UPSC EPFO Enforcement Officer exam 2020, there are a wide number of topics that have to be covered in a set duration. The syllabus for UPSC EPFO is wide. Today, in this article we will provide you with free study notes on one such topic that is important for the exam. Gandhian Era study notes will help you understand the topic and give you an insight into what all topics form this section.
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2.1 Round-Table Conference (1932)
During the discussions between Gandhi and the British government over 1931–32 at the Round Table Conferences, Gandhi sought constitutional reforms as a preparation to the end of colonial British rule, and begin the self-rule by Indians.
The British side sought reforms that would keep the Indian subcontinent as a colony. The British negotiators proposed constitutional reforms on a British Dominion model that established separate electorates based on religious and social divisions.
2.2 Cripps Mission (1942)
The Cripps Mission was a failed attempt in late March 1942 by the British government to secure full Indian cooperation and support for their efforts in World War II. The mission was headed by a senior minister Sir Stafford Cripps.
Cripps was sent to negotiate an agreement with the nationalist Congress leaders, who spoke for the majority Indians and Muhammad Ali Jinnah and the Muslim League, who spoke for the communalist Muslim population.
Cripps worked to keep India loyal to the British war effort in exchange for a promise of elections and full self-government (Dominion status) once the war was over.
Cripps discussed the proposals, which he had drafted himself with the Indian leaders, and published them. Both the major parties rejected his proposals, and they were also unacceptable to Churchill.
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