World Diabetes Day 2024, Its History & Significance

World Diabetes Day 2024

Each year on November 14, the international community observes World Diabetes Day (WDD), a vital initiative created by the International Diabetes Federation and the World Health Organization to address the increasing health threats posed by diabetes.

Commemorating Sir Frederick Banting

Aligned with the birthday of Sir Frederick Banting, celebrated alongside co-discoverer Charles Best, WDD on November 14 marks a crucial date. Their 1922 breakthrough in insulin discovery revolutionized diabetes treatment. The theme for the years 2021-23 centers around “access to diabetes care.”

Historical Roots of World Diabetes Day

Established in 1991, World Diabetes Day gained UN Day status in 2006 through Resolution 61/225. The campaign is symbolized by a blue circle logo adopted in 2007.

Significance of World Diabetes Day

This global event acts as a platform to raise awareness about diabetes, illuminating its symptoms, complications, and the profound impact on individuals and families. World Diabetes Day advocates for enhanced access to quality diabetes care and advanced treatment options.

Types of Diabetes – Type 1 & Type 2

There are two types of diabetes:

Type 1, characterized by insufficient insulin production and requiring daily insulin administration, with unknown causes and unpreventable;

Type 2, resulting from ineffective insulin use, often associated with physical inactivity and excess body weight, and preventable.

Symptoms overlap but are less pronounced in Type 2, including slow-healing wounds, recurring skin infections, and numbness/tingling in hands and feet. Diagnosis may occur years after onset. The significant health threats posed by diabetes led to the establishment of World Diabetes Day.

IDF Diabetes Atlas: Alarming Statistics

According to The IDF Diabetes Atlas, the global diabetes scenario is concerning. In 2021, 537 million adults (1 in 10) were living with diabetes. This number is expected to rise to 643 million by 2030 and 783 million by 2045. Shockingly, almost half of adults with diabetes (44%) remain undiagnosed, primarily with type 2 diabetes.

Global Impact of Diabetes

Over three-quarters of people with diabetes reside in low and middle-income countries, emphasizing the need for accessible healthcare worldwide. Additionally, 541 million adults face an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, while over 1.2 million children and adolescents (0-19 years) live with type 1 diabetes.

Economic Burden of Diabetes

Diabetes imposes a substantial economic burden, accounting for at least $966 billion in health expenditure in 2021, constituting 9% of the global total spent on healthcare. Furthermore, high blood glucose (hyperglycemia) during pregnancy affects one in six live births (21 million).

Promoting Lifestyle Changes and Preventive Measures

World Diabetes Day emphasizes the importance of lifestyle adjustments and preventive measures to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes. The initiative underscores ongoing research and innovation in diabetes treatment and management to find more effective solutions.


In conclusion, World Diabetes Day goes beyond commemoration; it serves as a collective call to action. It urges individuals, communities, and governments to collaborate in the battle against diabetes, promoting awareness, accessible care, and ongoing research for a healthier future for all.

14th November 2024 Special Day

On November 14th approaches, people in healthcare look forward to World Diabetes Day. This global event focuses on the increasing threats posed by diabetes. The date highlights the need for united action against diabetes and supporting patients. The 2024 World Diabetes Day renews the commitment to education, improved access, and research. It brings hope that in the next year, better prevention and care will lead to a future where diabetes’ burden is reduced and no one suffers complications. The goal is health equity in combatting this growing epidemic worldwide.


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