Ancient Indian History Notes| Free pdf

Questions on Ancient Indian History are commonly asked in different SSC, Railway & other government exams. It is one of the most important sections of Indian history. Get complete study notes on Ancient Indian History in this blog.


The Proto-History of India begins with Indus Valley Civilization. It is also known as the Harappan Civilization because Harappa was the first site to be excavated. Indus Valley Civilization was basically an urban civilization.

People for the first time in history started living in urban areas. These were very well-planned cities with wide roads and well-developed drainage systems. Houses were built of baked bricks and studies also show that these cities traded with other contemporary civilizations like Mesopotamia. Major sites of Indus Valley Civilization include Harappa, Ganeriwala, and Mohenjo-Daro in modern-day Pakistan, and Dholavira, Kalibangan, Rakhigarhi, Rupar, and Lothal in modern-day India.
The civilization that appeared in the northwestern part of India and Pakistan in the third millennium BCE is collectively called the Indus Civilisation. Since Harappa was the first site to be identified in this civilization, it is also known as Harappan Civilisation.

Ancient Indian History-VEDIC AGE (1500BC-600BC)

Vedic age refers to the time when Vedic Sanskrit texts were composed. There are four Vedas, namely Rig, Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur Veda, and Atharva Veda.

  1. Rig Vedic Samhita is the earliest text that relates to the Early Vedic period. The Early Vedic culture is placed between 1500 BCE and 1000 BCE. The political, social, and economic aspects of the life of this period are reflected in the Rig Vedic hymns.
  2. The Sama Veda was composed in musical notes which are considered to constitute the basis of Indian music.
  3. The Yajur Veda has rituals and hymns.
  4. The Atharva Veda contains charms and magical spells

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