We all are familiar with basic puzzles and seating arrangement topics like the linear arrangement, circular arrangement, floor-based, month and date based, etc. But we often ignore topics where more than one such type is combined. One such topic of puzzles is Designation based puzzles.
Designation based puzzles
This topic includes a combination of various puzzle topics combined with designations. These designation based puzzles can be of different types like the following:
1) Simple Designation based puzzles with each person having a different designation
2) Persons along with their designations given in increasing or decreasing order.
For example, in a puzzle including eight persons, the designations may be mentioned in the following way:
‘Seniority of the rank increases from left to right as: Analyst < Senior Analyst < Associate < Senior Associate < VP < Senior VP < Director < Managing director’
3) Seating arrangement in combination with designation based puzzles.
For example: Square arrangement with the designation.
Here is an example which can help you to understand the topic more clearly.
Questions on designation based puzzles
Questions 1 to 3:
Eight people were posted in the Indian army at different designations. The designations in decreasing order is as General, Brigadier, Colonel, Lt. Colonel, Major, Captain, Subedar and Havaldar where General is the highest designation. Q was senior to R but was immediate junior to N. M was designated as Lt. colonel and was just senior to R. S is senior to T. Three people were junior to Q but senior to P. T was immediate senior to O.
Q1. What is the designation of S?
(5) Cannot be determined
Q2. How many people were junior to O?
Q3. How many people were senior to P?
M was designated as Lt. colonel and was just senior to R.
Q was senior to R but was immediate junior to N. Three people were junior to Q but senior to P.
T was immediate senior to O. S is senior to T. So case 2 is invalid. Finally we have:
Answer key to Q1: 1
S is the colonel.
Answer key to Q2: 1
Nobody was junior to O.
Answer key to Q3: 5
5 people were senior to P.
We hope this post helps you ace this topic and score high marks in the reasoning section of your upcoming exams. Practice more such questions here.