History plays a significant role in competitive exams of TNPSC. Therefore, it is important to know about Indian History especially Tamil Nadu History so that aspirants can score good marks in the general awareness section. In this e-book, we will be learning about the Pandya Dynasty, which is one of the oldest and longest-ruling dynasties of Tamil Nadu and India.
Table of Contents
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Pandya Dynasty | Sneak Peek
Pandyas were one of the muvendars that ruled the southern part of India, though intermittently, until the pre-modern times. River Vellar running across the Pudukkottai region had been demarcated as the northern border of the Pandya country, while the Indian Ocean was its southern border. The Western Ghats remained the border of the west while the Bay of Bengal formed the eastern border.
The history of the Pandyas of the Sangam period, circa third century BCE to third century CE, has been reconstructed from various sources such as megalithic burials, inscriptions in Tamil Brahmi, and the Tamil poems of the Sangam literature. The Pandyas established their supremacy in South Tamil Nadu by the end of the sixth century CE. A few copper plates form the source of our definite knowledge of the Pandyas from the seventh to the ninth century. The Velvikkudi grant of Nedunjadayan is the most important among them.
Accounts of travelers such as Marco Polo, Wassaff, and Ibn-Batuta are useful to know about the political and socio-cultural developments of this period. Madurai Tala Varalaru, Pandik Kovai and Madurai Tiruppanimalai provide information about the Pandyas of Madurai of later period.
Pandya Dynasty- Prominent Rulers
The reign of the Chola dynasty has been divided into four stages for easier understanding of history, namely –
- Early historic Pandyas
- Medieval Pandyas
- Imperial Pandyas
- Tenski Pandyas
The revival of the Pandyas seems to have taken place after the disappearance of the Kalabhras. The revival of the Pandyas seems to have taken place after the disappearance of the Kalabhras. Once hill tribes, the Kalabhras had soon taken to a settled life, extending their patronage to Buddhists and Jains. Kadunkon recovered Pandya territory from the Kalabhras.
Here is a list of the documented rulers of the Pandya Dynasty
|Early Historic Pandyas|
|Names of the Rulers of the Pandya Dynasty|
|Nedunj Cheliyan III|
|Musiri Mutriya Cheliyan|
Early Medieval Pandyas (6th–10th century CE)
|Names of the Rulers of the Pandya Dynasty||Period of Reign|
|Kadungon||c. 590–620 CE|
|Maravarman Avanisulamani||c. 620–645 CE|
|Cheliyan Sendan (Chendan)||c. 654–670 CE|
|Arikesari Maravarman (Parankusan)||c. 670–700 CE|
|Ko Chadaiyan Ranadhira||c. 700–730 CE|
|Maravarman Rajasimha I||c. 730–765 CE|
|Jatila Parantaka Nedunjadaiyan (Varaguna-varman I)||c. 765–815 CE|
|Maravarman Srimara Srivallabha||c. 815–862 CE|
|Varaguna-varman II||c. 862–880 CE|
|Parantaka Viranarayana||c. 880–900/905 CE|
|Maravarman Rajasimha III||c. 900–920 CE|
|Name of the Ruler|
|Sundara Pandya I|
|Vira Pandya I|
|Vira Pandya II|
|Jatavarman Sundara Chola Pandya|
|Maravarman Vikrama Chola Pandya|
|Maravarman Parakrama Chola Pandya|
|Jatavarman Chola Pandya|
|Srivallabha Manakulachala||c. 1101–1124 CE|
|Maravarman Srivallabha||c. 1132–1161 CE|
|Parakrama I||c. 1161–1162 CE|
|Vira Pandya III|
|Jatavarman Srivallabha||c. 1175–1180 CE|
|Jatavarman Kulasekara I||c. 1190–1216 CE|
Imperial Pandyas (13th–14th centuries CE)
|Names of the Rulers of Pandya Dynasty||Reign|
|Maravarman Sundara I||c. 1216–1238 CE|
|Sundaravarman Kulasekara II||c. 1238–1240 CE|
|Maravarman Sundara II||c. 1238–1251 CE|
|Jatavarman Sundara I||c. 1251–1268 CE|
|Maravarman Kulasekara I||c. 1268–1310 CE|
|Sundara Pandya IV||c. 1309–1327 CE|
|Vira Pandya IV||c. 1309–1345 CE|
Tenski Pandyas (14th–16th centuries)
|Names of the Rulers of Pandya Dynasty||Reign|
|Sadaavarman Parakrama Pandya||c. 1422–1463 AD|
|Kulasekara Pandiyan III||c. 1429–1473 AD|
|Aksharan Perumal Parakrama Pandya||c. 1473–1506 AD|
|Kulasekara Pandya||c. 1479–1499 AD|
|Sadaverman Sewallapa Pandya||c. 1534–1543 AD|
|Parakrama Kulasekaran||c. 1543–1552 AD|
|Nelveli Maran||c. 1552–1564 AD|
|Sadaavarman Adeevirama Pandya||c. 1564–1604 AD|
|Varathuranga Pandya||c. 1588–1612 AD|
|Varagunarama Pandya||c. 1613–1618 AD|
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