RAMSAR Sites in India, Complete Updated List 2023

RAMSAR Sites in India

Ramsar sites in India is an important topic to be covered under Environment section for Banking, SSC and other Government Exams. Knowing the Ramsar Wetland sites , especially the recently added sites will help you in your examination. To simplify your preparation, we have come up with this blog to give you the list and details of Ramsar sites in India.

RAMSAR Sites in India – Overview

The 11 new sites include:  Four (4) sites in Tamil Nadu, Three (3) in Odisha, Two (2) in Jammu & Kashmir and One (1) each in Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. During this year itself (2023) a total of 28 sites have been declared as Ramsar sites. Based on the date of designation mentioned on Ramsar Certificate, the number is 19 for this year (2022) and 14 for previous year (2021). 

Tamil Nadu has maximum number of Ramsar sites (14 ), followed by UP which has 10 nos. of Ramsar sites.  

Total Ramsar Sites in India

India is a country with rich biodiversity and is home to a large number of wetlands. Wetlands are important ecosystems that provide a range of ecological services like water purification, groundwater recharge, and habitat for diverse flora and fauna. India has designated a number of wetlands as Ramsar Sites, which are internationally recognized wetlands of ecological importance.

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RAMSAR Sites in India 2023

List of the latest RAMSAR sites in India

Sl. No.Name of SiteState LocationDate of DeclarationArea 
(in Sq. km.)
1Tampara LakeOdisha13 August 20223
2Hirakud ReservoirOdisha13 August 2022654
3Ansupa LakeOdisha13 August 20222.31
4Yashwant SagarMadhya Pradesh13 August 20228.229
5Chitrangudi Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu13 August 20222.60
6Suchindram Theroor Wetland ComplexTamil Nadu13 August 20220.94
7Vaduvur Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu13 August 20221.12
8Kanjirankulam Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu13 August 20220.96
9Thane CreekMaharashtra13 August 202265.21
10  Hygam Wetland Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir13 August 20228.01
11  Shallbugh Wetland Conservation ReserveJammu and Kashmir13 August 202216.75
12Nanda LakeGoa06 August 20220.42
13  Gulf of Mannar Marine Biosphere ReserveTamil Nadu04 August 2022  526.72  
14Karikili Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu04 August 20220.584
15  Pallikaranai Marsh Reserve ForestTamil Nadu04 August 202212.475
16Pichavaram MangroveTamil Nadu04 August 202214.786
17  Udhayamarthandapuram Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu04 August 2022  0.44  
18  Vedanthangal Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu04 August 2022  0.40  
19Vellode Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu04 August 20220.77
20Vembannur Wetland ComplexTamil Nadu04 August 20220.20
21  Sakhya Sagar  Madhya Pradesh01 July 2022  2.48  
22Sirpur Wetland  Madhya Pradesh01 July 2022  1.61  
23    Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary  Karnataka15 February 2022  5.18    
24Satkosia GorgeOdisha10 December 2021981.97  
25Haiderpur WetlandUttar Pradesh8 December 202169.08
26Pala WetlandMizoram31 August 202118.5
27Koonthankulam Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu11 August 20210.72
28Bakhira Wildlife SanctuaryUttar Pradesh29 June 202128.94
29Bhindawas Wildlife SanctuaryHaryana25 May 20214.12
30Sultanpur National ParkHaryana25 May 20211.425
31Khijadia Wildlife SanctuaryGujarat13 April 20215.12
32Thol Lake Wildlife SanctuaryGujarat05 April 20216.99
33Wadhvana WetlandGujarat05 April 20216.30

Other Remaining RAMSAR Sites in India

Sl. No.Name of SiteState LocationDate of DeclarationArea 
(in Sq. km.)
34  Kolleru LakeAndhra Pradesh19 August 2002901
35Deepor BeelAssam19 August 200240
36Kabartal WetlandBihar21 July 202026.20
37Nalsarovar Bird SanctuaryGujarat24 September 2012120
38Chandertal WetlandHimachal Pradesh8 November 20050.49
39Pong Dam LakeHimachal Pradesh19 August 2002156.62
40Renuka WetlandHimachal Pradesh8 November 20050.2
41Wular LakeJammu & Kashmir23 March1990189
42Hokera WetlandJammu and Kashmir8 November 200513.75
43Surinsar-Mansar LakesJammu and Kashmir8 November 20053.5
44Tsomoriri LakeJammu and Kashmir19 August 2002120
45Asthamudi WetlandKerala19 August 2002614
46Sasthamkotta LakeKerala19 August 20023.73
47Vembanad Kol WetlandKerala19 August 20021512.5
48Tso Kar Wetland ComplexLadakh17 November 202095.77
49Bhoj WetlandsMadhya Pradesh19 August 200232.01
50Lonar LakeMaharashtra22 July 20204.27
51Nandur MadhameshwarMaharashtra21 June 201914.37
52Loktak LakeManipur23 March 1990266
53Bhitarkanika MangrovesOrissa19 August 2002650
54Chilka LakeOrissa1 October 19811165
55Beas Conservation ReservePunjab26 September 201964.289
56Harike LakePunjab23 March 199041
57Kanjli LakePunjab22 January 20021.83
58Keshopur-Miani Community ReservePunjab26 September 20193.439
59Nangal Wildlife SanctuaryPunjab26 September 20191.16
60Ropar LakePunjab22 January 200213.65
61Keoladeo Ghana NPRajasthan1 October 198128.73
62Sambhar LakeRajasthan23 March1990240
63Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird SanctuaryTamil Nadu19 August 2002385
64Rudrasagar LakeTripura8 November 20052.4
65Nawabganj Bird SanctuaryUttar Pradesh19 September 20192.246
66Parvati Agra Bird SanctuaryUttar Pradesh2 December 20197.22
67Saman Bird SanctuaryUttar Pradesh2 December201952.63
68Samaspur Bird SanctuaryUttar Pradesh3 October 201979.94
69Sandi Bird SanctuaryUttar Pradesh26 September 201930.85
70Sarsai Nawar JheelUttar Pradesh19 September 201916.13
71Sur SarovarUttar Pradesh21 August 20204.31
72Upper Ganga River
(Brijghat to Narora Stretch)
Uttar Pradesh8 November 2005265.9
73Asan Conservation ReserveUttarakhand21 July 20204.444
74East Kolkata WetlandsWest Bengal19 August 2002125
75Sunderbans WetlandWest Bengal30 January 20194230

What are RAMSAR Sites?

The Ramsar Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands, recognizing the fundamental ecological functions of wetlands and their economic, cultural, scientific, and recreational value. The convention entered into force in India on 1 February 1982. India currently has 75 sites designated as Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar Sites) with an area of 13,26,677 ha.

India is one of the Contracting Parties to Ramsar Convention, signed in Ramsar, Iran, in 1971.

India signed it on 1st Feb 1982. During 1982 to 2013, a total of 26 sites were added to the list of  Ramsar sites, however, during 2014 to 2022, the country has added 49 new wetlands to the list of  Ramsar sites.

This is the complete updated Ramsar sites in India list. Download Oliveboard App for the latest updates on Banking and Government Exams.

RAMSAR Sites in India – FAQs

Q1. How Many wetlands are there in India?

Ans. There are a total of 75 Ramsar sites in India as of August 2022.

Q2. Which is the largest Ramsar site in India?

Ans. Sunderbans is the largest Ramsar Site in India.

Q3. Which Country has maximum number of Ramsar Sites?

Ans. The countries with the most Ramsar Sites are the United Kingdom (175) and Mexico (142), as per the Ramsar List.

Q4. What are Ramsar Sites?

Ans. Any wetland site which has been listed under the Ramsar Convention 1971, that aims to conserve it and promote sustainable use of its natural resources.

Q5. What are wetlands?

Ans. The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands defines wetlands as “areas of marsh, fen, peat land or water, whether natural or artificial, permanent or temporary, with water that is static or flowing, fresh, brackish or salt, including areas of marine water the depth of which at low tide does not exceed six meters.”


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