General Awareness for RRB NTPC- UN and Other Important World Organizations

The topic dealt within this article directly tackles the topic which is the part of Official Syllabus for RRB NTPC examination, which are information relevant under the heading UN and other important World Organizations.

Significance of learning about the UN and other Important World Organizations:

  • In 1945, World War II was over, but the nations were in ruins and the world wanted peace. Fifty-one countries gathered in San Francisco that year to sign a document. The document was a Charter which created an organisation, the United Nations. Established on October 24, 1945, the UN replaced the League of Nations after World War II.
  • It took the role of peacekeeper of the world and assumed necessary powers to avoid conflicts resulting in a world war through its various agencies or organisations, each established because of a particular role.

Currently, the UN has 193 countries as its members and it is headquartered in New York, USA. The UN not only focuses on peace but also aims at promoting sustainable development, upholding international laws and protecting human rights.

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Issues confronted by these UN and other Important World Organizations are as follows:

  • Peace and security
  • Climate change
  • Sustainable development
  • Human rights
  • Disarmament
  • Terrorism
  • Humanitarian and health emergencies
  • Gender equality
  • Governance
  • Food production etc.

UN and other Important World Organizations: List of the major organizations

Here is a list of such UN and other Important World Organizations which are imperative for any RRB NTPC examination aspirant to know them:

1. International Telecommunication Union (ITU)

 

 

 

Established in: 1865

Headquarters: Geneva

Purpose: Sets international regulations for radio telegraph, telephone and space radio communications.

2. International Labour Organisation (ILO)

 

 

Established in: 1919

Headquarters: Geneva

Purpose: To improve conditions and living standards of workers.

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3. International Monetary Fund (IMF)

 

 

 

Established in: 1945

Headquarters: Washington DC

Purpose: Promotes international monetary cooperation.

4. United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF)

 

 

 

Established in: 1945

Headquarters: New York

Purpose: To promote children’s welfare all over the world.

5. Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO)

 

 

 

Established in: 1945

Headquarters: Rome

Purpose: To improve the living conditions of the rural population.

6. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO)

 

 

Established in: 1946

Headquarters: Paris

Purpose: To promote collaboration among nations through education science and culture.

7. World Health Organisation (WHO)

 

 

 

 

Established in: 1948

Headquarters: Geneva

Purpose: Attainment of highest possible level of health by all people.

8. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

 

 

 

Established in: 1957

Headquarters: Vienna

Purpose: To promote peaceful uses of atomic energy.

9. International Development Association (IDA)

 

 

 

Established in: 1960

Headquarters: Washington DC

Purpose: An affiliate of the World Bank, it aims to help underdeveloped countries raise living standards.

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10. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

 

 

 

Established in: 1965

Headquarters: New York

Purpose: Helps developing countries increase the wealth producing capabilities of their natural and human resources.

11. United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP)

 

 

 

Established in: 1972

Headquarters: Nairobi (Kenya)

Purpose: Promotes international cooperation in human environment.

12. World Trade Organisation (WTO)

 

 

 

Established in: 1995

Headquarters: Geneva

Purpose: Setting rules for world trade to reduce traffic.

13. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)

 

 

 

Established in: 1997

Headquarters: Vienna (Kenya)

Purpose: To prevent illicit trafficking and abuse of drug, crime prevention.

14. UN Women

 

 

 

Established in: 2010

Headquarters: New York

Purpose: To enable member states to achieve gender equality and women empowerment.

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15. World Tourism Organization (UWTO)

 

 

 

Established in: 1974

Headquarters: Madrid, Spain

Responsible for the promotion of responsible, sustainable and universally accessible tourism.

 

16. World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO)

 

 

 

Established in: 14 July 1967

Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland

Its main aim is to encourage creative activity, to promote the protection of intellectual property throughout the world

17. European Union (EU)

 

 

Headquarters location: Brussels, Belgium

Founded in: 1993, Maastricht, Netherlands

It allows the free flow of goods and people, except for random spot checks for crime and drugs. The EU transmits state-of-the-art technologies to it.

18. Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Image Source: Weforum.org

Headquarters: Jakarta, Indonesia

Established in: 8 August 1967

It is a regional grouping that promotes economic, political, and security cooperation among its ten members

19. Group of Twenty (G20)

 

 

 

 

 

Image Source: Oecd.org

Year established: 1999

Member countries: 20 (19 individual countries and the European Union)

Mission: To convene officials from the world’s largest economies, both advanced and developing, to jointly address global economic concerns and coordinate economic policies

20. International Criminal Court (ICC)

 

 

 

Year established: 2002 (when the Rome Statute, the treaty that created the ICC, came into force.)

Member countries: 123 (The United States signed but did not ratify the Rome Statute, which means it is not a full member. Burundi was a member but withdrew in 2017.)

International tribunal sits in The Hague, Netherlands

Mission: To investigate and try those charged with genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity and crimes of aggression.

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