Basic English Grammar, Check Syllabus and Notes Topic Wise

English Grammar

English grammar forms the backbone of the language, providing the structure and rules that enable effective communication. Whether spoken or written, proper grammar is vital for conveying meaning, clarity, and precision. In this article, we will delve into the significance of English grammar, its evolution, and the reasons why it remains essential in the modern world.


Basic English Grammar

English grammar forms the foundation of the language, allowing speakers and writers to convey their thoughts and ideas effectively. Whether you are a native English speaker or learning it as a second language, understanding basic English grammar rules is crucial for clear communication.

I. Historical Evolution of English Grammar

  1. Old English to Middle English: The Evolution Begins
    The origins of English grammar trace back to Old English, a Germanic language spoken in medieval England. Over time, the language evolved, leading to the emergence of Middle English, which displayed significant influences from Norman French. This transitional period marked the introduction of grammatical rules borrowed from Latin.
  2. The Renaissance: A Period of Refinement
    The Renaissance era witnessed a resurgence of interest in classical languages, leading to the adoption of Latin grammar rules into English. Scholars such as William Lily and John Colet played pivotal roles in formalizing English grammar and solidifying its status as a legitimate language of learning and literature.
  3. Standardization and the Rise of the Dictionary
    During the 18th and 19th centuries, Samuel Johnson’s “A Dictionary of the English Language” and Noah Webster’s “An American Dictionary of the English Language” brought about standardization and codification of English grammar. This period marked a significant milestone in the quest for uniformity and consistency in language usage.

II. The Importance of English Grammar

  1. Clarity and Precision in Communication
    Correct grammar ensures that ideas are expressed clearly, leaving little room for misinterpretation. In written and spoken communication, grammatical errors can lead to confusion, altering the intended meaning and weakening the overall impact of the message.
  2. Professionalism and Academic Achievement
    In the professional world, impeccable grammar is a mark of competence and attention to detail. Employers value employees who can communicate effectively and accurately, and students with strong grammar skills often excel in academic pursuits.
  3. Building Credibility and Trust
    Whether in business, academia, or everyday interactions, proper grammar instills confidence and trust in the speaker or writer. It reflects a level of competence and knowledge that can enhance one’s reputation and authority.
  4. Preserving Cultural Heritage
    The rules of English grammar are interwoven with cultural heritage and historical context. By maintaining these grammatical traditions, we honor the richness of our language and the contributions of those who came before us.

III. The Evolution of Grammar in the Digital Age

  1. Influence of Technology on Language
    The digital age has brought about a revolution in communication, leading to new forms of expression and abbreviations. While some fear this may lead to a decline in grammar standards, others argue that language evolves with society and technology.
  2. Grammar in Social Media and Texting
    Social media platforms and texting have introduced new communication styles, characterized by abbreviations, acronyms, and emojis. While this might appear to undermine traditional grammar, it also showcases language’s adaptability to meet the needs of its users.
  3. The Role of Grammar Checkers
    Grammar-checking tools have become prevalent, assisting writers in detecting and correcting grammar mistakes. While these tools can be valuable, they must be used with caution, as they may not always comprehend context or nuance.

IV. Addressing Common Grammar Misconceptions

  1. Split Infinitives and Ending Prepositions
    There has been much debate surrounding split infinitives and ending prepositions. However, contemporary language experts and style guides tend to accept them, recognizing that rigid adherence to old rules may hinder clear expression.
  2. Singular “They” and Inclusive Language
    In recent years, there has been a push towards using the singular “they” to refer to individuals whose gender is unknown or non-binary. This shift emphasizes the importance of inclusive language that respects diverse identities.

English Grammar Topics

Parts of SpeechConcepts
NounsCommon Nouns, Proper Nouns, Singular Nouns, Plural Nouns, Possessive Nouns, Abstract Nouns, Collective Nouns, Compound Nouns
PronounsRelative Pronouns, Reflexive Pronouns, Demonstrative Pronouns, Possessive Pronouns, Indefinite Pronouns, Personal Pronouns, Subject Pronouns, Object Pronouns, Interrogative Pronouns, Reciprocal Pronouns, Intensive Pronouns
VerbsMain Verbs, Helping Verbs, Auxiliary Verbs, Transitive and Intransitive Verbs, Regular Verbs, Irregular Verbs, Modal Verbs, Phrasal Verbs, Finite Verbs, Non-Finite Verbs, Linking Verbs, Stative Verbs, Action Verbs
AdverbsConjunctive Adverbs, Adverb Clauses
AdjectivesPossessive Adjectives, Interrogative Adjectives, Compound Adjectives, Demonstrative Adjectives, Adjectives List
ConjunctionsSubordinating Conjunctions, Coordinating Conjunctions, Correlative Conjunctions
PrepositionsPrepositional Phrases
Sentence StructureTypes of Sentences
TensesSimple Present Tense, Present Continuous Tense, Present Perfect Tense, Present Perfect Continuous Tense, Simple Past Tense, Past Continuous Tense, Past Perfect Tense, Past Perfect Continuous Tense, Simple Future Tense, Future Continuous Tense, Future Perfect Tense, Future Perfect Continuous Tense
Active Voice and Passive Voice

English Grammar Syllabus

English grammar is an important topic frequently included in competitive exams to assess candidates’ language proficiency and communication skills. Below is a sample syllabus for English grammar that could be relevant for various competitive exams:

  1. Nouns
  • Common Nouns
  • Proper Nouns
  • Singular Nouns
  • Plural Nouns
  • Possessive Nouns
  • Abstract Nouns
  • Collective Nouns
  • Compound Nouns
  1. Pronouns
  • Personal Pronouns
  • Subject Pronouns
  • Object Pronouns
  • Possessive Pronouns
  • Reflexive Pronouns
  • Relative Pronouns
  • Demonstrative Pronouns
  • Interrogative Pronouns
  • Indefinite Pronouns
  1. Verbs
  • Regular Verbs
  • Irregular Verbs
  • Transitive and Intransitive Verbs
  • Modal Verbs
  • Finite Verbs
  • Non-Finite Verbs
  • Auxiliary Verbs
  • Phrasal Verbs
  • Verb Tenses (Present, Past, Future, Present Perfect, Past Perfect, Future Perfect)
  1. Adjectives
  • Types of Adjectives (Descriptive, Demonstrative, Possessive, Interrogative)
  • Degrees of Comparison (Positive, Comparative, Superlative)
  1. Adverbs
  • Types of Adverbs (Manner, Time, Place, Frequency, Degree)
  • Conjunctive Adverbs
  • Adverb Clauses
  1. Prepositions
  • Common Prepositions
  • Prepositional Phrases
  1. Conjunctions
  • Coordinating Conjunctions
  • Subordinating Conjunctions
  • Correlative Conjunctions
  1. Articles
  2. Interjections
  3. Sentence Structure
    • Types of Sentences (Simple, Compound, Complex)
    • Active Voice and Passive Voice
  4. Subject-Verb Agreement
  5. Direct and Indirect Speech (Reported Speech)
  6. Punctuation and Capitalization
  7. Sentence Correction (Spotting Errors)
  8. Fill in the Blanks (Cloze Test)
  9. Idioms and Phrases
  10. Synonyms and Antonyms
  11. Reading Comprehension

Please note that the actual syllabus for competitive exams may vary depending on the specific exam and its conducting authority. It is essential to refer to the official exam notification or syllabus provided by the exam conducting body for the most accurate and up-to-date information.

As you prepare for competitive exams, make sure to practice each topic thoroughly, use reliable study materials, and solve previous year’s question papers to familiarize yourself with the exam pattern and question types. Good luck with your exam preparation!

Basic English Grammar Notes

Basic English Grammar rules would lay the groundwork for your effective communication.

Therefore, it becomes necessary to be thorough with them to be able to read, write, speak the language, and convey one’s thoughts with clarity.

Moreover, with English Language section being perennially part of almost all the Banking, Insurance, SSC, and other Government Exams, you need to be well-versed with the Grammar rules so that you could easily and correctly answer the questions such as Error spotting, Error correction, Phrase replacement, Para-jumbles, Cloze test, etc. This e-book is important for upcoming RBI Assistant Exam & ESIC Exam. Download the free e-book & get yourself exam ready.

Let us understand the rules and download Basic English Grammar Rules PDF Here.

Download Basic English Grammar Rules PDF Here

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Content of the E-book:

  1. Basic Rules
  2. Subject-Verb Agreement Rules
  3. Punctuation Rules
  4. Articles

Go through the rules given in the e-book thoroughly and apply them while solving English Grammar questions being asked in various banks, Insurance, SSC & other Government Exams.

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English grammar remains an indispensable tool for effective communication, professional success, and the preservation of cultural heritage. As language continues to evolve in response to technological advancements and societal changes, we must strike a balance between embracing linguistic innovation and upholding the fundamental principles of grammar. By doing so, we can ensure that English remains a vibrant and dynamic language for generations to come.


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