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The Hindu Vocabulary PDF Download – Daily Vocabulary & January PDF 2020

Hindu Vocabulary PDF Download

The Hindu newspaper is treated as the Bible by the various exam aspirants be it Bank Exam aspirants, SSC aspirants or UPSC aspirants. Reading the editorial section of the newspaper daily has two-fold benefits: (a) It gives the editor’s views on the latest happenings in India and the world, (b) It also helps enhance English vocabulary. In this blog of “The Hindu Vocabulary PDF Download 2020”, we have come up with a list of difficult words taken from the Hindu Editorials, their meanings, synonyms, antonyms and the correct usage of the words. Read along to understand it better. 

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The Hindu Vocabulary PDF Download – January 2020

Download the free PDF Vocabulary Booster January 2020 from the link provided below or you can click on this link: http://bit.ly/Vocab-Jan-2020

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Get the Previous Months Hindu Vocabulary PDFs Here.

The Hindu – Daily Vocabulary Words 17 February 2020

Words

Meanings & Synonyms Antonyms

Usage

Blot Mark or stain something.

Smudge, Smear, Spot, Blotch, Dot, Mark, Speckle

Honour, Enhance

 

I signed my name and blotted the paper.
Bonafide Genuine, Real, Authentic Fake, Spurious

 

She was a bonafide expert.
Condemnable Bringing or deserving severe rebuke or censure.

Criminal, Deplorable, Reprehensible, Vicious

Bless

 

We strongly condemn this attack against our allies.
Dissent The holding or expression of opinions at variance with those commonly or officially held.

Disagreement, Lack of agreement, Difference of opinion, Argument

Agreement, Acceptance

 

Two members dissented from the majority.
Hounding Harass, persecute, or pursue relentlessly.

Pester, Bother, Trouble, Annoy

Leave in peace The reporters wouldn’t stop hounding her.
Inflammatory Relating to or causing inflammation of a part of the body.

Speech or writing arousing or intended to arouse angry or violent feelings.

Provocative, Provoking, Inflaming, Incendiary, Inciting

Uncontroversial The men were using inflammatory remarks about the other team’s supporters.
Ostensibly As appears or is stated to be true, though not necessarily so.

Apparently.

Genuinely, Really, Truly

 

The party secretary resigned, ostensibly from ill-health.
Perverse Showing a deliberate and obstinate desire to behave in a way that is unreasonable or unacceptable.

Awkward, Contrary, Difficult, Unreasonable, Uncooperative

Accommodating, Cooperative

 

Kate’s perverse decision not to cooperate held good.
Stringent Strict, precise, and exacting Flexible, Lax, Loose, Relaxed, Slack The most stringent laws in the world are useless unless there is the will to enforce them.

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The Hindu – Daily Vocabulary Words 14 February 2020

Words

Meanings & Synonyms Antonyms

Usage

Chimera A thing which is hoped for but is illusory or impossible to achieve.

Illusion, Fantasy, Delusion, Dream, Fancy

Certainty, Fact, Reality, Truth

 

Is the idea of banishing hunger throughout the world just a chimera?
Elude Escape from or avoid danger, enemy, or pursuer, typically in a skilful or cunning way.

Evade, Avoid, get away from, Dodge, Flee

Be caught He tried to elude the security men by sneaking through a back door.
Momentous Of great importance or significance, especially in having a bearing on future events.

Important, Significant, Epoch-making, Historic, Apocalyptic

Unimportant, Trivial, Insignificant

 

This is a momentous occasion that will go down in the history books.
Octogenarian A person who is between 80 and 89 years old.

 

  My neighbour was an octogenarian and needed assistance addressing his 88th birthday invitations. 
Puzzle Cause someone to feel confused because they cannot understand something.

Perplex, Confuse, Bewilder, Bemuse, Baffle, Mystify

Clear, Straightforward, Comprehensible

 

She was puzzled by the doctor’s manner.
Relent abandon or mitigate a severe or harsh attitude, especially by finally yielding to a request.

Change one’s mind, do a U-turn, Back-pedal, back down, Give way

Become less severe or intense.

Ease off, Slacken, Let up, Ease, ease up, Relax, Abate

Strengthen, Worsen She was going to refuse his request but relented.
Square up To prepare to fight, compete, or argue with someone.

Settle

  The players squared up to each other and started shouting.
Vindicate Clear someone of blame or suspicion.

Acquit, Clear, Absolve, Free from blame, Declare innocent

Convict, Blame, Incriminate

 

She will be completely vindicated by the evidence.
Wrath Extreme anger.

Rage, Fury, Annoyance, Indignation, Outrage, Pique

Happiness, Good humour

 

He hid his pipe for fear of incurring his father’s wrath.

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The Hindu – Daily Vocabulary Words 13 February 2020

Words

Meanings & Synonyms Antonyms

Usage

Contention Heated disagreement.

Disagreement, Dispute, Disputation, Argument, Variance

Agreement The captured territory was the main area of contention between the two countries.
Explicit Stated clearly and in detail, leaving no room for confusion or doubt.

Clear, Direct, Plain

Obvious, Straightforward, Clear-cut, Crystal clear

Vague

 

I gave her very explicit directions on how to get here.
Limelight The focus of public attention.

Catbird seat, Centre stage, Spotlight, Top billing

Obscurity

 

She’s been in the limelight recently, following the release of her controversial new film.
Obverse The side of a coin or medal bearing the head or principal design.

Face, Front

The opposite or counterpart of a fact or truth.

Antipode, Antithesis, Contrary, Counter, Negative, Opposite, Reverse

Back, Rear

 

We thought they would be pleased with our decision. We have learned, however, that the obverse is true.
Paradoxes A seemingly absurd or contradictory statement or proposition which when investigated may prove to be well-founded or true.

Contradiction, Contradiction in terms, Self-contradiction, Inconsistency

  The uncertainty principle leads to all sorts of paradoxes, like the particles being in two places at once.
Pinnacle The most successful point.

The culmination.

The highest level, Peak, Height, High Point/Spot, Summit, Top

Nadir, Trough

 

By the age of 32, she had reached the pinnacle of her career.
Skirmishes A fight between a small number of soldiers that is usually short and not planned and happens away from the main area of fighting in a war.

A short argument

Truce

 

There was a short skirmish between the two of them over who would pay for the meal.
Substantive Having a firm basis in reality and so important, meaningful, or considerable.

 

Nonmeaningful, Unessential, Inessential, Procedural, Meaningless There is no substantive evidence for the efficacy of these drugs.
Thronging Flock or be present in great numbers.

Rush, Stream, Flock, Troop, Crowd

Bare, Barren, Blank, Devoid, Empty, Stark, Vacant, Void The theme park is thronging with tourists during the summer.

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The Hindu – Daily Vocabulary Words 12 February 2020

Words Meanings & Synonyms Antonyms

Usage

Dexterity Skill in performing tasks, especially with the hands.

Deftness, Adeptness, Adroitness, Agility, Nimbleness, Handiness

Clumsiness, Stupidity, Insensitivity

 

He caught the ball with great dexterity.
Enchantment A feeling of great pleasure; delight.

Bewitchment, Charm, Conjuration, Glamour

Repulsion, Misery

 

The audience looked on in utter fascination and enchantment.
Endorsement The action of endorsing someone or something.

Support, Backing, Approval, Seal of approval, Agreement

Opposition The campaign hasn’t received any political endorsements.
Maverick An unorthodox or independent-minded person.

Individualist, Nonconformist, Free spirit, Unorthodox person

Conformist He was considered as something of a maverick in the publishing world.
Muffle Wrap or cover for warmth.

Stifle

To make a sound quieter and less clear.

Wrap, wrap up, Swathe, Swaddle, Enfold, Envelop, Cloak

Unmuffle

 

The house has double-glazed windows to muffle the noise of aircraft.
Resounding Unmistakable, Emphatic, Unequivocal Hushed, Noiseless, Quiet, Silent, Soundless, Stilled, Stilly Supporters gave the team three resounding cheers.
Spectacular Beautiful in a dramatic and eye-catching way.

Striking, Picturesque, Eye-Catching, Breath-taking, Arresting

Dull French history was represented in a spectacular for tourists.
Succour Assistance and support in times of hardship and distress.

Aid, Help, A helping hand, Assistance, Ministration, Comfort

Distress, Oppress, Maltreat, Injure, Thwart, Burden, Persecute Her organization gave succour and strength to those who had been emotionally damaged.
Tacit Understood or implied without being stated.

Implicit, Understood, Implied, Inferred, Hinted, Suggested

Explicit, Stated

 

Your silence may be taken to mean tacit agreement.

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The Hindu – Daily Vocabulary Words 11 February 2020

Words

Meanings & Synonyms Antonyms

Usage

Adequacy The state or quality of being adequate.

Acceptability, Reasonableness, Satisfactoriness, Fairness

Inadequacy, 

Inadequateness, 

Insufficiency

The adequacy of public healthcare has been brought into question
Affirmative Agreeing with or consenting to a statement or request.

 

 

Nay, 

Negative, 

No

There should be an affirmative role for government in social problems.
Disadvantaged Person or area in unfavourable circumstances, especially with regard to financial or social opportunities.

Deprived, Underprivileged, Depressed, In need, Needy, In want

Privileged A new educational programme has been set up for economically disadvantaged children.
Discrimination The unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people, especially on the grounds of race, age, or sex.

Prejudice, Bias, Bigotry, Intolerance, Narrow-mindedness

Impartiality

 

Until 1986 most companies would not even allow women to take the exams, but such blatant discrimination is now disappearing.
Inescapable Unable to be avoided or denied.

Unavoidable, Inevitable, Ineluctable, Ineliminable, Inexorable

Avoidable The evidence points to the inescapable conclusion that he is guilty of the crime.
Jurisprudence The theory or philosophy of law.

 

 

  Even in high school, Evan read a great deal on jurisprudence because he knew he wanted to become a lawyer.
Obligation An act or course of action to which a person is morally or legally bound.

 A duty or commitment.

Duty, Commitment, Responsibility, Moral imperative, Function

Repayment, Discharge, Quittance, Release You have a legal obligation to ensure your child receives an education.
Quantifiable Able to be expressed or measured as a quantity.

Perceptible, Mensurable, Commensurate, Gaugeable, Weighable

Imperceptible, Insignificant, Undeterminable, Unmeasurable The benefits of the new policy are not easily quantifiable.
Subservient Prepared to obey others unquestioningly.

Submissive, Deferential, Acquiescent, Compliant, Accommodating

Domineering, Independent

 

Women were expected to adopt a subservient role.

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The Hindu – Daily Vocabulary Words 10 February 2020

Words

Meanings & Synonyms Antonyms

Usage

Abort To cause something to stop or fail before it begins or before it is complete.

 

Abandon, Call, Call Off, Cancel, Cry Off, Drop, Recall

Continue, Keep

 

The plan had to be aborted at the last minute.
Accord Give or grant someone power, status, or recognition.

 

An official agreement or treaty.

Pact, Treaty, Agreement, Settlement

Withhold, Remove

 

On 31 May the two leaders signed a peace accord.
Amnesty An official pardon for people who have been convicted of political offences.

 

Reprieve, Release, Discharge, Liberty

Penalty, 

Punishment, 

Retribution

 

Most political prisoners were freed under the terms of the amnesty.
Bonhomie Cheerful friendliness.

Geniality.

Coldness There was a lot of cheerful bonhomie amongst the people on the trip.
Bulwark Strong support or protection.

 

Protect, Safeguard, Screen, Secure, Shield, Ward

Assail, 

Assault, 

Attack

 

My savings were to be a bulwark against unemployment.
Conundrum A confusing and difficult problem or question.

 

The problem, Difficult question, Vexed question, Difficulty, Quandary

The answer, Axiom, Explanation, Proposition, Solution Arranging childcare over the school holidays can be a real conundrum for working parents.
Ferment Incite or stir up trouble or disorder.

 

Agitation and excitement among a group of people, typically concerning major change and leading to trouble or violence.

 

Fever, Furore, Frenzy, Tumult, Storm, Flurry, Bustle

Calm, Ease, Peace, Peacefulness, Quiet, Tranquillity

 

The media tried to ferment public unrest by repeatedly publishing articles about the crooked police officer. 
Hegemony Leadership or dominance, especially by one state or social group over others.

 

Leadership, Dominance, Dominion, Supremacy, Ascendancy

Self-government Germany was united under Prussian hegemony after 1871.
Privileges A special right, advantage, or immunity granted or available only to a particular person or group.

 

Advantage, Right, Benefit, Prerogative, Entitlement, Birth-Right

Disfranchisement, Disqualification, Exclusion, Prohibition, Inhibition Healthcare should be a right, not a privilege.

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The Hindu – Daily Vocabulary Words 7 February 2020

Words

Meanings & Synonyms Antonyms

Usage

Accommodative Willing to fit in with someone’s wishes or needs.

 

Helpful, Solicitous, Considerate, Thoughtful

Maladaptive She was understanding, patient, accommodative, and always had a solution to all problems.
Endeavour Try hard to do or achieve something.

 

Try, Attempt, Venture, Undertake, Aspire, Aim, Seek

Drop, give up, Quit He is endeavouring to help the Third World.
Exempt Free from any obligation or liability imposed on others.

 

Free from, not liable to, not subject to, Exempted, Spared

Liable to, Subject to

 

Small businesses have been exempted from the tax increase.
Explicitly In a clear and detailed manner, leaving no room for confusion or doubt.

 

Clear-Cut, Definite, Definitive, Express, Specific, Unambiguous, Unequivocal

Implicit, 

Implied, 

Inferred

Ambiguous, 

Circuitous

Equivocal, 

Indefinite, 

Inexplicit, 

Unspecific, 

Vague

The essay should state explicitly how the facts support the thesis.
Fiduciary A fiduciary is a person who holds a legal or ethical relationship of trust with one or more other parties. Typically, a fiduciary prudently takes care of money or other assets for another person.   The company has a fiduciary duty to shareholders.
Forbearance Patient self-control.

Restraint and tolerance.

 

Tolerance, Toleration, Patience, Resignation, Endurance, Fortitude

Impatience

 

He showed great forbearance in his dealings with them.
Humble Having or showing a modest or low estimate of one’s importance.

 

Meek, Deferential, Respectful, Submissive, Self-effacing

Proud, Overbearing

 

He is very humble about his achievements.  felt very humble when meeting her.
Nascent A process or organization just coming

into existence and beginning to display signs of future potential.

 

Just Beginning, Budding,

Developing, Growing, Embryonic

Adult, 

Full-Blown, 

Full-Fledged, 

Mature, 

Ripe, 

Ripened

 

Everyone in this nascent business is still struggling with basic issues.

 

Unleash Cause a strong or violent force to be

released or become unrestrained.

 

Loose, Release, Uncork,

Unlock, Unloose, Unloosen

Bridle, 

Check, 

Constrain, 

Contain, 

Control, 

Curb

The failure of the talks could unleash more fighting.

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The Hindu – Daily Vocabulary Words 6 February 2020

Words

Meanings & Synonyms Antonyms

Usage

Caucuses A conference of members of a legislative body who belong to a particular party or faction.

 Parliamentary party

  The committee caucused to select the most promising candidates.
Contentious Causing or likely to cause an argument.

 

Controversial, Disputable, Debatable, Disputed, Contended

Uncontroversial In the perpetual skirmish between science and religion, biological evolution is a contentious battleground.
Exemplified Be a typical example of.

Illustrate or clarify by giving an example.

Typify, Epitomize, Be a typical example of

Becloud, 

Blur, 

Cloud, 

Darken, 

Fog, 

She exemplifies the qualities of a good leader.
Hostility Hostile behaviour.

Unfriendliness or opposition.

Antagonism, Unfriendliness, Bitterness, Malevolence, Malice

Friendliness, Approval

 

They showed open hostility towards their new neighbours.
Impeachment To make a formal statement saying that a public official is guilty of a serious offence in connection with their job, especially in the US.   The governor was impeached for wrongful use of state money.
Inevitably As is certain to happen.

Unavoidably.

Naturally, Automatically, As a matter of course, Necessarily

Avoidable, Uncertain

 

Their arguments inevitably end in tears.
Psyche The human soul, mind, or spirit.

Inner self, Innermost self, Inner ego, True being

  Their childhood made them want to understand the human psyche and to help others.
Undermine Lessen the effectiveness, power, or ability of, especially gradually or insidiously.

 

Subvert, Sabotage, Threaten, Weaken, Compromise, Diminish

Enhance, Improve, Strengthen

 

Criticism just undermines their confidence.
Unprecedented Never done or known before.

Unparalleled, Unequalled, Unmatched, Unrivalled

Normal, Common

 

The government took the unprecedented step of releasing confidential correspondence.

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The Hindu – Daily Vocabulary Words 5 February 2020

Words

Meanings & Synonyms Antonyms

Usage

Brazen Bold and without shame.

Bold, Shameless, as bold as brass, brazen-faced

Timid, Shy

 

He went about his illegal business with a brazen assurance.
High-handedness Having or showing no regard for the rights, concerns, or feelings of others.

Arbitrary, Overbearing

Humble, 

Lowly, 

Modest, 

Unarrogant, 

Unpretentious

Their attitude towards the masses was condescending, high-handed and ultimately dictatorial.
Incendiary Device or attack designed to cause fires.

Combustible, Flammable, Inflammable, Fire-producing, Fire-raising

 

Tending to stir up conflict.

Inflammatory, Rabble-rousing, Provocative, Agitational

Conciliatory

 

He gave an incendiary speech at last night’s rally.
Indignant Feeling or showing anger or annoyance at what is perceived as unfair treatment.

Aggrieved, Resentful, Affronted, Disgruntled, Discontented

Content He was indignant at being the object of suspicion.
Persecution Hostility and ill-treatment, especially because of race or political or religious beliefs.

Oppression

  They left the country out of fear of persecution.
Polarization The division into two sharply contrasting groups or sets of opinions or beliefs.

 

 

Segregate, 

Separate

 

The polarization of society into rich and poor can clearly be seen in urban areas.
Reconcile Restore friendly relations between.

Accommodate, Attune, Conciliate, Conform, Coordinate, Harmonize, Key

Settle, Resolve It is sometimes difficult to reconcile science and religion.
Sniff Draw up air audibly through the nose to detect a smell, to stop it running, or to express contempt.

Inhale, Snuffle, Breathe in

Exhale, Odorous, Snort, Breathe, Expire He sniffed his socks to see if they needed washing.
Vilification Abusively disparaging speech or writing.

Condemnation, Criticism, Censure, Castigation, Denunciation

Praise

 

He has had to suffer public vilification during the past 24 hours.

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The Hindu – Daily Vocabulary Words 4 February 2020

Words

Meanings & Synonyms Antonyms

Usage

Destabilise Upset the stability of a region or system.

 

Cause unrest or instability in.

Undermine, Weaken, Impair, Damage, Subvert, Sabotage

Strengthen, Shore up

 

The accused were charged with conspiracy to destabilise the country.
Formidable Inspiring fear or respect through being impressively large, powerful, intense, or capable.

 

Intimidating, Forbidding, Redoubtable, Daunting, Alarming

Pleasant-looking, Comforting, Easy, Weak He worked in the property business for a number of years, acquiring a reputation as a formidable wheeler-dealer.
Ironclad Very certain and unlikely to be changed.

 

 

Flexible, Flexile, Elastic, Compromising, Adaptable The new contract provides employees with ironclad job security.
Ostensibly Stated or appearing to be true, but not necessarily so.

 

Apparent, Seeming, Outward, Surface, Superficial, Professed

Real, Genuine

 

Their ostensible goal was to clean up government corruption, but their real aim was to unseat the government.
Problematic Constituting or presenting a problem.

 

Difficult, Hard, Problematical, Taxing, Troublesome, Tricky

Easy, Simple, Straightforward

 

Rules of grammar are more problematic for non-native speakers.
Synonymous Word or phrase having the same meaning as another word or phrase in the same language.

 

Closely associated with or suggestive of something.

 

Identical, Interchangeable, Alike, Convertible

Different, Dissimilar, Opposite, Polar, Unequal

 

His deeds had made his name synonymous with victory.
Tenacious Tending to keep a firm hold of something.

 

Clinging or adhering closely.

 

Firm, Tight, Fast, Clinging, Strong, Forceful, Powerful

Loose, Weak

 

The baby took my finger in its tenacious little fist.

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The Hindu – Daily Vocabulary Words 3 February 2020

Words

Meanings & Synonyms Antonyms

Usage

Belying Fail to give a true impression of something.

Contradict, be at odds with, call into question, Give the lie to

Testify to, Reveal

 

Her gentleness belies her strength.
Demographic Relating to the structure of populations.   The town’s demographics suggest that the restaurant will do well there.
Devolution The transfer or delegation of power to a lower level, especially by the central government to the local or regional administration.

Decentralization, Delegation, Dispersal, Distribution, Transfer

Centralization The majority of people in the province are in favour of devolution.
Epicentre The point on the earth’s surface vertically above the focus of an earthquake.

 

The central point of something, typically a difficult or unpleasant situation.

  The youth orchestra did become a social epicentre.
Erstwhile Former, Previous

 

Lately, 

Recently

Currently, 

Now, 

Presently

Malt extract was another popular alternative product for erstwhile brewers.
Interim Temporary and intended to be used or accepted until something permanent exists.

 

Permanent An interim government was set up for the period before the country’s first free election.
Overt Done or shown openly.

Apparent.

Undisguised, Unconcealed

Covert, Hidden

 

There are no overt signs of damage.
Pathogenic Bacterium, virus, or other microorganism causing disease   The vast majority of these organisms are not pathogenic.
Rejigged Organize something differently.

Rearrange, Altered, Reorganized

 

To re-equip a factory or plant

  Perhaps this collection could have been rejigged to avoid such pitfalls.

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