The Hindu Vocabulary PDF Download – Daily Vocabulary 2022

The Hindu newspaper is treated as the Bible by the various exam aspirants be it Bank Exam aspirants, SSC aspirants, or UPSC aspirants. Reading the editorial section of the newspaper daily has two-fold benefits: (a) It gives the editor’s views on the latest happenings in India and the world, (b) It also helps enhance English vocabulary.

In this blog of “The Daily Hindu Vocabulary PDF Download 2022”, we have come up with a list of difficult words taken from the Hindu Editorials, their meanings, synonyms, antonyms, and the correct usage of the words. Read along to understand it better. 

Table of Contents

Daily Hindu Vocabulary 2022

Daily Hindu Vocabulary – 05 January 2022

WordMeaning & SynonymAntonymUsage
UsherA person who walks before a person of higher rank.

Attendant, Conductor
Renan was occupied as an usher only in the evenings.
ExtentThe degree of space to which something extends.

Degree, Duration
ExtremeThat was the extent of their conversation before Señor Medena cut in.
AdherenceFaithful attachment.

Attachment, Loyalty, Obedience
Disloyalty, InconstancyHer attitude is one of sturdy adherence to the old paths of evangelical doctrine and Presbyterian polity.
ParadigmFramework shared by members of any group.

It showed an emerging paradigm for intelligent agents.
EnforcementThe act of imposing upon some person.

Administration, Application
Abandon, DisregardThat’s something the law enforcement people don’t want to do.
AbsolveTo free from guilt or accusations

Exempt, Forgive.
Accuse, Blame, CensureHe can only absolve you from mortal sins.
AmendTo modify or change through a formal procedure.

Ameliorate, Better
Worsen, BadBills may originate in either house, and either house may amend the bills of the other house.

Daily Hindu Vocabulary – 04 January 2022

WordMeaning & SynonymAntonymUsage
AssessTo determine something or to make a judgment.

Appraise, Check
Give, RemitShe tried to assess how many there might be.
PreparednessThe state of being prepared.

Alertness, Mobility
UnpreparednessOn the outbreak of the World War, he urged preparedness and criticized America’s naval administration.
PandemicA Disease occurring over a wide geographic area.

Broad, Common
InfrequentWill wearing a mask protect me from pandemic flu?
MandatoryCompulsory or required by law.

Compulsory, Obligatory
Free, InessentialWe’re what I’d call mandatory friends.
SpreeAn unrestrained indulgence in an activity.

Binge, Fling, Frisk
They’ve put two regiments as outposts, and they’re having such a spree there, it’s awful!
ImposeTo force something to be obeyed.

Demand, Charge
Disorder, DisplacePower to impose customs and excise duties to be in the Federal government and parliament
ProprietyAppropriateness to the purposes.Dishonesty, DisagreementThe propriety of this extended use is open to question and is denied by some logicians.

Daily Hindu Vocabulary – 03 January 2022

WordMeaning & SynonymAntonymUsage
RollbackA return or withdrawal to an earlier level or stage.

Abate, Abolish, Abrogate
Disagreement, DenialThey do not want to see any rollback of this agreement.
HarbingerA person or something who initiates a major change.

Angel, Foregoer
Everyone knows the groundhog is the harbinger of a change in seasons.
AnomalyA deviation from the common rules.

Aberration, Exception, Oddity
Conformity, NormalityStatistical anomalies can make it difficult to compare economic data from one year to the next.
OstensiblyApparently and Seemingly

Presumably, Putatively
Obscurely, UnlikelyHe has spent the past three months in Florida, ostensibly for medical treatment, but in actual fact to avoid prosecution.
ParleyTo hold an informal conference.

Confabulate, Confer, Consult
Quiet, SilenceHe has led disarmament talks and parleyed with NATO.
DebilitatingCausing or tending to cause impairment of strength.

Taxing, Draining
Strengthening, BolsterDiabetes can be severely debilitating or even life-threatening if not treated regularly.
MissiveA written communication.

Dispatch, Epistle, Memo
Silence, SpeechShe sent a ten-page missive to the committee, detailing her objections.

Daily Hindu Vocabulary – 01 & 02 January 2022

WordMeaning & SynonymAntonymUsage
SqueezeTo press forcibly or to compress.

Crush, Express, Mash
Release, UncompressHe squeezed the juice out of the lemon.
ScrutinizeTo examine in detail with critical attention.

Analyze, Check, Comb
Forget, Neglect, IgnoreHe closely scrutinizes every move of the competitors.
MissionaryA person who believes in a certain set of principles and attempts to make others follow the same.

Clergy, Evangelist
He did missionary work for the Presbyterian Church in Alaska.
ContraryOpposite in direction or position.

Antipodal, Antithetical
Agreeable, ConsistentI was worried that it might be too hard for me but it turned out the contrary was true.
DissentTo differ in sentiment or opinion.

Discord, Disunity, Objection
Agree, AssentWhen the time came to approve the proposal, there were one or two voices of dissent.
HypotheticalBased on a suggested idea.

Debatable, Imaginary
Certain, Definite, RealThis is all very hypothetical but supposing Jackie got the job, how would that affect you?
PhilanthropicFor humanitarian purposes,

He is known for his philanthropic work for children in Africa.

Daily Hindu Vocabulary 2021

Daily Hindu Vocabulary – 31 December 2021

WordMeaning & SynonymAntonymUsage
NormA standard model that has authoritative approval.

Benchmark, Criterion
Extreme, ExceptionEurope’s varied cultural, political, and ethical norms.
ConflictTo come into the disagreement

Differ, Disagree, Vary, Disturb
Agree, Consent, AccordThere was a lot of conflict between him and his father.
AccusationA charge or some wrong-doing.

Allegation, Denunciation, Impeachment
Approval, Commendation, PraiseHe glared at me with an air of accusation.
ApparentCapable of being easily perceived.

Possible, Probable, Supposed
Unlikely, Doubtful, DubiousHer unhappiness was apparent to everyone.
FlagrantShockingly noticeable

Atrocious, Brazen
Concealed, Gooda flagrant disregard for the law
ViolateTo break a law or norm thoughtlessly.

Breach, Disobey, Disregard
Comply, Obey, RegardThey were charged with violating federal law.
MultifacetedHaving many aspects

Varied, Able
Same, SimilarIt’s a multifaceted business, offering a range of services.

Daily Hindu Vocabulary – 29 & 30 December 2021

WordsMeaning & SynonymAntonymUsage
Rekindleto make someone have a feeling that they had in the past

renew, revitalize
killThe holiday was the last chance to rekindle their love.
Condemnto criticize something or someone strongly, usually for moral reasons

attack, censure
approve, build-upThe terrorist action has been condemned as an act of barbarism and cowardice.
Vandalizedto intentionally damage property belonging to other people

mischief, ruin
buildWhen I got back, my car had been vandalized.
Articulateable to express thoughts and feelings easily and clearly, or showing this quality.

coherent, fluent
inarticulateShe gave a witty, entertaining, and articulate speech.
Bolsterto support or improve something or make it stronger

aid, boost
block, haltMore money is needed to bolster the industry.
Fermenta state of political or social excitement and change

commotion, upheaval
calm, stillnessThe country is in ferment and nobody’s sure what will happen next

Daily Hindu Vocabulary – 28 December 2021

WordsMeaning & SynonymAntonymUsage
Envisageto imagine or expect something in the future, especially something good

anticipate, confront
disregardTrain fare increases of 15 percent are envisaged for the next year.
Disseminateto spread or give out something, especially news, information, ideas, etc., to a lot of people

broadcast, circulate
conceal, hideOne of the organization’s aims is to disseminate information about the disease.
Turfa subject in which a person or group has a lot of knowledge or influence

Antiques are very much her turf.
Contiguousnext to or touching another, usually similar, thing

adjoining, neighboring
divided, separatedThe two states are contiguous with/to each other, but the laws are quite different.
Spearheadto lead something such as an attack or a course of action

initiate, launch
end, stopBritish troops spearheaded the invasion.

Daily Hindu Vocabulary – 27 December 2021

WordsMeaning & SynonymAntonymUsage
Clamourto make a loud complaint or demand

agitation, buzz
calm, peaceThe children were all clamoring for attention.
Hierarchya system in which people or things are arranged according to their importance

ranking, grouping
Some monkeys have a very complex social hierarchy.
Nosedivinga fast and sudden fall to the ground with the front pointing down

collapse, crash
ascend, growThe plane roared overhead and went into a nosedive.
Elitethe richest, most powerful, best-educated, or best-trained group in a society

exclusive, silk-stocking
poor, commonA powerful and corrupt elite has bled this country dry.
ThrallIf you are in thrall to someone or something, or in the thrall of someone or something, he, she, or it has a lot of power to control you

servitude, slavery
masteryHer love for him was like madness, and she was completely in its thrall.
Regressivereturning to a previous and less advanced or worse state or way of behaving

toey, orthodox
progressiveIncinerating waste rather than recycling it would be a regressive step.
Sinistermaking you feel that something bad or evil might happen

dire, evil, malevolent
lucky, auspiciousThe ruined house had a sinister appearance.
Belligerentwishing to fight or argue

aggressive, ornary, quarrelsome
friendly, calmWatch out! Lee’s in a belligerent mood.
Precludeto prevent something or make it impossible, or prevent someone from doing something

avert, cease
assist, encourageHis contract precludes him from discussing his work with anyone outside the company.
Plungeto (cause someone or something to) move or fall suddenly and often a long way forward, down, or into something

descend, dip
ascend, riseWe ran down to the beach and plunged into the sea.

Daily Hindu Vocabulary – 24 December 2021

Inhospitablenot pleasant to live in, especially because of the weather

Hostile, Unfavourable
Friendly, HospitableHow do we keep your foreign language without being impolite or inhospitable to the public, our host in the theatre?
Delineate to describe or mark the edge of something

define, depict, layout
confuse, distortThe main characters are clearly delineated in the first chapter.
Earmarking to keep or intend something for a particular purpose

allotment, allowance, grant
bestowal, keepingFive billion dollars of this year’s budget is already earmarked for hospital improvements.
Delimitationthe marking or describing of the limits of something

Limit, Bound
Liberty, liberationThe main focus was the delimitation of responsibilities between the police and the judiciary.
Arbitrariness the unfair and unlimited use of personal power

absurd, caprice
apathy, doubtJustice in this country suffers from a very high level of impunity, arbitrariness, and abuse.
Accommodative used to describe a person who is eager or willing to help other people, for example by changing his or her plans

considerate, friendly
greedy selfishI’m sure she’ll help you – she’s always very accommodating.
Bastions something that keeps or defends a belief or a way of life that is disappearing or threatened

defense, bulwark
weaknessBritish public schools are regarded as one of the last bastions of upper-class privilege.
Orthodoxy the generally accepted beliefs of society at a particular time.

belief, doctrine
disbeliefThe current economic orthodoxy is of a free market and unregulated trade.
Neoliberalismthe policy of supporting a large amount of freedom for markets, with little government control or spending, and low taxes

free trade, progressive
Professional and managerial women have done well out of neoliberalism.
Alliance a group of countries, political parties, or people who have agreed to work together because of shared interests or aims.

accord, affiliation
discord, hatredNATO is sometimes called the Atlantic Alliance
Persecution to treat someone unfairly or cruelly over a long period of time because of their race, religion, or political beliefs, or to annoy someone by refusing to leave them alone.

expulsion, ill-treatment
happiness, joyReligious minorities were persecuted and massacred during the ten-year regime.

Daily Hindu Vocabulary – 5 February 2021

WordsMeanings & SynonymsAntonymsUsage
PiousDevoutly religious.


Devout, Reverent

Impious, IrreligiousShe is a pious follower of the faith, never missing her prayers.
SanctimoniousMaking a show of being morally superior to other people.


Self-righteous, Pious, Holier-than-thou

Impious, Worldly, Wicked, Profane, ImpietyWe saw a lot of rather sanctimonious nonsense in the press about that at times.
CriticismThe expression of disapproval of someone or something on the basis of perceived faults or mistakes.


Censure, Reproval, Condemnation, Denunciation, Disapproval, Critique, Examen

Applause, Approbation, Approval, CommendationThere was much public criticism directed at the senator.
ConspiracyA secret plan by a group to do something unlawful or harmful.


Plot, Scheme, Plan

 They were accused of conspiracy to commit murder.
SuperciliousBehaving or looking as though one thinks one is superior to others.


Arrogant, Haughty, Conceited, Disdainful, Overbearing, Pompous

Humble, ModestHe spoke in a haughty, supercilious voice.
ParanoiaAn extreme and unreasonable feeling that other people do not like you or are going to harm or criticize you. There’s a lot of paranoia about the crime at the moment.
TizzyA state of nervous excitement or agitation.


Dither, Fluster, Fret

 She got herself in a real tizzy because she couldn’t find her car keys.
PropagandaInformation, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote a political cause or point of view.


Information, Promotion, Advertisement, Publicity

 One official dismissed the ceasefire as a mere propaganda exercise.
RiposteA quick, clever reply to an insult or criticism.


Retort, Counter, Rejoinder

 He’s known for having a brilliant riposte to nearly any insult.

Daily Hindu Vocabulary – 3 & 4 February 2021

WordsMeanings & SynonymsAntonymsUsage
AffordableInexpensive; reasonably priced.



ExpensiveThese are nice clothes at affordable prices.
PerverseShowing a deliberate and obstinate desire to behave in a way that is unreasonable or unacceptable.


Unreasonable, Uncooperative

Accommodating, CooperativeJack was being perverse and refusing to agree with anything we said.
AugmentMake (something) greater by adding to it; increase.



Abate, Decrease, De-escalate, Diminish, DownsizeHe would have to find work to augment his income.
SeamlessSmooth and continuous, with no apparent gaps or spaces between one part and the next.


Perfect, Flawless

Amiss, Bad, Censurable, Defective, Faulty, Flawed, Imperfect, ReproachableThe transitions from scene to scene were seamless.
RivalryCompetition for the same objective or for superiority in the same field.


Competitiveness, Contention, Vying, Conflict, Opposition

Cooperation, Indifference, Satisfaction, Humility, CarelessnessJerusalem was the scene of more passions and rivalries than any other city on earth
FrenzyA temporary madness.


Agitation, Deliriousness, Distraction

Calm, Composure, Collectedness, Coolness, Sanity, SobrietyIn a frenzy of rage, she hit him.
BolsterSupport or strengthen.


Reinforce, Boost, Fortify

UndermineThe fall in interest rates is starting to bolster confidence.
UnflappableHaving or showing calmness in a crisis.


Imperturbable, Unexcitable, Cool, Calm

ExcitableShe’s totally unflappable – you have to be when working in such a high-pressure environment.
GleanObtain (information) from various sources, often with difficulty.


Obtain, Derive, Extract

 She gleaned her data from various studies.

Daily Vocabulary – 1 & 2 February 2021

WordsMeanings & SynonymsAntonymsUsage
LargesseGenerosity in bestowing money or gifts upon others.


Generosity, Liberality, Munificence, Bounty

Meanness, MiserlinessPresumably, public money is not dispensed with such largesse to anyone else.
UnmistakableThat cannot be confused with anything else; easy to recognize.


Apparent, Bald, Clear-cut

Ambiguous, Clouded, CrypticThere was an unmistakable smell of incense in the air.
InterventionThe action of becoming intentionally involved in a difficult situation, in order to improve it or prevent it from getting worse.


Interference, Interruption, Intercession, Mediation

Disregard, Overlook, IgnoreHalf the people questioned said they were opposed to military intervention in the civil war.
UndermineLessen the effectiveness, power, or ability of, especially gradually or insidiously.


Subvert, Sabotage, Threaten, Weaken, Compromise

Enhance, Improve, StrengthenCriticism just undermines their confidence.
SwiftHappening quickly or promptly.


Prompt, Rapid, Sudden, Immediate

Unhurried, Slow, LeisurelyThe police took swift action against the rioters.
CondemnationThe expression of very strong disapproval; censure.


Criticism, Stricture, Denunciation

Praise, PlauditsThere was strong international condemnation of the attack.
LongevityLong existence or service.Impermanence, TransienceTo what do you attribute your longevity?
AutocraticRelating to a ruler who has absolute power.


Despotic, Tyrannical, Oppressive, Repressive

Democratic, LiberalDemocracy is supposed to protect the people against the rise of autocratic rulers.
NudgeProd (someone) gently with one’s elbow in order to attract attention.


Poke, Dig, Jab

 He nudged the cat off the sofa so that he could sit down.

Daily Vocabulary – 20 & 21 January 2021

WordsMeanings & SynonymsAntonymsUsage
HesitancyThe quality or state of being hesitant.


Indecision, Reluctance, Disinclination, Reticence, Unwillingness

Inclination, WillingnessHis hesitancy in pulling over into the next lane while he had a chance resulted in him missing his exit.
FornightTwo weeks.
A Period of 14 Days.
 They stayed with us for a fortnight.
ImmunityA condition of being able to resist a particular disease especially through preventing the development of a pathogenic microorganism or by counteracting the effects of its products.


Exemption, Impunity

Susceptible, Nonexempt, Affected.They have developed immunity to the virus.
AccentuateMake more noticeable or prominent.


Accent, Emphasise, Feature

De-emphasize, Play down, MaskWith her hair in tight curls that accentuate her pale beauty, she seems lit from within.
ExhortStrongly encourage or urge (someone) to do something.


Urge, Encourage, Adjure, Charge

DiscourageThe governor exhorted the prisoners not to riot.
DerelictionThe state of having been abandoned and become dilapidated.


Dilapidation, Disrepair, Decrepitude

FulfilmentWhat you did was a grave dereliction of duty.
Efficaciousof something inanimate or abstract successful in producing a desired or intended result; effective.


Effective, Succesful, Effectual, Productive

InefficaciousTwo versions of the vaccine have been shown in trials to be between 90% and 95% efficacious.
ReinforceStrengthen or support (an object or substance), especially with additional material.


Fortify, Buttress

Weaken, DampenThe pockets on my jeans are reinforced with double stitching.
InfamousWell known for some bad quality or deed.


Notorious, Disreputable, Legendary, Fabled

ReputableThe list included the infamous George Drake, a double murderer.

Daily Vocabulary – 19 January 2021

WordsMeanings & SynonymsAntonymsUsage
CombatA fight or contest between individuals or groups.


Conflict, Controversy

Peace, Truce, Surrender, AccordSome of these soldiers have never seen combat.
AmenableOpen and responsive to suggestion; easily persuaded or controlled.


Compliant, Acquiescent, Biddable, Manageable, Controllable

UncooperativeWhatever you decide to do, I’m amenable—just let me know.
FalsificationThe action of falsifying information or a theory.


Forgery, Counterfeiting, Fabrication, Invention

Fact, Truism, Verity.The couple was charged with falsification of documents.
ComplianceThe act of obeying an order, rule, or request.


Acquiescence, Biddability, Compliancy, Deference, Docility, Obedience, Submissiveness

Defiance, Disobedience, Intractability, RecalcitranceIt is the job of the inspectors to enforce compliance with the regulations.
EmbezzlementTheft or misappropriation of funds placed in one’s trust or belonging to one’s employer.


Misappropriation, Theft, Stealing, Robbing

 They were arrested for the embezzlement of company funds.
PerturbedFeeling anxiety or concern; unsettled.


Agitate, Alarm, Concern, Discomfort

Calm, Compose, Quiet, Settle, Soothe, TranquilizeHe didn’t seem unduly/overly perturbed by the news.

Daily Vocabulary – 18 January 2021

WordsMeanings & SynonymsAntonymsUsage
DisseminateSpread (something, especially information) widely.


Spread, Circulate, Distribute, Disperse

GatherOne of the organization’s aims is to disseminate information about the disease.
InoculateTreat with a vaccine to produce immunity against disease; vaccinate.


Immunize, Vaccinate, Inject

 My children have been inoculated against polio.
EfficacyThe ability to produce a desired or intended result.


Effectiveness, Success

InefficacyThey recently ran a series of tests to measure the efficacy of the drug.
ImplicitSuggested though not directly expressed.


Implied, Indirect, Inferred, Understood

Explicit, DirectHe interpreted her comments as an implicit criticism of the government.
ExodusA mass departure of people.


Withdrawal, Evacuation, Leaving

ArrivalThere has been a mass exodus of workers from the villages to the towns.


Daily Vocabulary – 14 & 15 January 2021

WordsMeanings & SynonymsAntonymsUsage
StringentVery strict.


Hard-line, Inflexible, Rigid, Rigorous

Flexible, Lax, Loose, Relaxed, SlackThe most stringent laws in the world are useless unless there is the will to enforce them.
DeterTo make somebody decide not to do something, especially by telling him/her that it would have bad results.


Discourage, Dissuade, Inhibit

Encourage, PersuadeDebate continues over whether higher minimum wages will deter employers from hiring.
FugitiveA person who is running away or escaping.


Elusive, Evasive, Slippery

 Thousands of fugitives are fleeing from the war-torn area.
AcrimonyAngry and bitter feelings or words.


Bitterness, Rancour, Resentment

Gentleness, KindlinessShe responded with such acrimony that he never brought the subject up again.
SabotageDeliberately destroy, damage, or obstruct (something), especially for political or military advantage.


Wreck, Vandalize, Destroy, Obstruct

BuildOfficials have not yet ruled out sabotage as a possible cause of the crash.

Daily Vocabulary – 13 January 2021

WordsMeanings & SynonymsAntonymsUsage
ContestA competition to do better than other people, usually in which prizes are given.


Challenge, Dispute

Accept, Believe, Embrace, SwallowShe’s won a lot of beauty contests.
LaudableAn action, idea, or aim) deserving praise and commendation.


Praiseworthy, Commendable, Admirable, Meritorious, Worthy

Blameworthy, ShamefulImproving schools is a laudable goal.
DisconcertingDisturb the composure of; unsettle.


Unsettle, Nonplus, Discomfit

ReassureThe whole experience had disconcerted him.
InfirmityPhysical or mental weakness.


Frailty, Weakness, Delicacy, Fragility

Strength, CertaintyIn recent years she has had to reduce her schedule because of age and infirmity.
SanguineOptimistic or positive, especially in an apparently bad or difficult situation.


Optimistic, Bullish, Hopeful, Buoyant, Positive

Pessimistic, GloomyThey are less sanguine about the prospects for peace.
RepealRevoke or annul (a law or act of parliament).


Revoke, Rescind, Cancel, Reverse, Abrogate

Introduce, Enact, RatifyTwenty-nine senators said they opposed the repeal of the death penalty.
LegitimateConforming to the law or to rules.


Legal, Lawful, Licit

Illegal, IllegitimateThe army must give power back to the legitimate government.
LoggerheadTo strongly disagree with someone.



In AgreementThe party is at loggerheads with the president over public spending.

Daily Vocabulary – 12 January 2021

WordsMeanings & SynonymsAntonymsUsage
UpendSet or turn (something) on its end or upside down.


Conquer, Defeat, Overbear, Subdue

Lose toHe upended the bicycle to fix its flat tire.
TreadWalk in a specified way.


Ambulate, foot it, hoof it, pad, step

 Before the days of automation, they used to tread grapes to make wine.
IrrevocableNot able to be changed, reversed, or recovered; final.


Irreversible, Irremediable, Irreparable

Reversible, TemporaryThe court’s ruling is irrevocable.
ExacerbateMake (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse.


Aggravate, Worsen, Inflame, Compound, Intensify

Calm, ReduceThis attack will exacerbate the already tense relations between the two communities.
SemblanceThe outward appearance or apparent form of something, especially when the reality is different.


Appearance, Approximation, Show

Unlikeness, Disparity, Difference, Contrariety, DissimilitudeShe tried to project some semblance of confidence even though public speaking terrified her.
ReconciliationThe restoration of friendly relations.


Reuniting, Reunion, Conciliation

Estrangement, Alienation, Feud, IncompatibilityIt took hours of negotiations to bring about a reconciliation between the two sides.
FollyLack of good sense; foolishness.


Evil, Wickedness

 She said that the idea was folly.
CoercionThe practice of persuading someone to do something by using force or threats.


Force, Compulsion, Constraint, Duress, Oppression, Enforcement

PersuasionHe claimed the police had used coercion, threats, and promises to obtain the statement illegally.

Daily Vocabulary – 11 January 2021

WordsMeanings & SynonymsAntonymsUsage
BolsterSupport or strengthen.


Reinforce, Boost, Fortify

UndermineMore money is needed to bolster the industry.
EfficacyThe ability to produce a desired or intended result.


Effectiveness, Success

InefficacyThey recently ran a series of tests to measure the efficacy of the drug.
PlaceboA placebo is anything that seems to be a “real” medical treatment — but isn’t. It could be a pill, a shot, or some other type of “fake” treatment. What all placebos have in common is that they do not contain an active substance meant to affect health. She was only given a placebo, but she claimed she got better – that’s the placebo effect.
UnderlyingSignificant as a cause or basis of something but not necessarily manifest or obvious.


Basic, Fundamental, Implicit

AdvancedAnd what might be the underlying significance of these supposedly random acts?
MusterA formal gathering of troops, especially for inspection, display, or exercise.
Assembly, Rally, Meeting, Convocation
DemobilizeConsidering the muster of suggestions that were submitted for “word of the year”.
PerfunctoryAn action carried out without real interest, feeling, or effort.


Cursory, Desultory, Quick, Brief, Hasty

Careful, ThoroughHis smile was perfunctory.
AggravateMake (a problem, injury, or offense) worse or more serious.AlleviateThey’re afraid that we might aggravate an already bad situation.
ImplicateShow (someone) to be involved in a crime.


Incriminate, Compromise, Involve, Connect, Embroil

AbsolveHe was implicated in a price-fixing scandal.

Daily Vocabulary – 8 January 2021

WordsMeanings & SynonymsAntonymsUsage
IncitementThe act of encouraging someone to do or feel something unpleasant or violent.


Instigate, Abet, Foment

Dissuade, DeterThere are laws against incitement of racial hatred.
BipartisanSupported by or involving two political parties.Partisan.Moreover, the reform enjoyed bipartisan support in most states.
ConsensusAgreement among a group of people.



Conflict, Disagreement, DissensusDespite years of debate over the best wine to serve at Thanksgiving, no real consensus has emerged.
EvidentClear (to the eye or mind); obvious.


Apparent, Assumed, Ostensible

UnnoticeableThe full extent of the damage only became evident the following morning.
ReconveneConvene or cause to convene again, especially after a pause in proceedings. The board will reconvene at 10 a.m. tomorrow.
TantamountEquivalent in seriousness to; virtually the same as.


As good as, On par with, Along the lines of

UnequalThey see any criticism of the President as tantamount to treason.
ViciousnessDeliberate cruelty or violence.


Aggressive, Angry behaviour, Malicious, Spiteful

Light, Moderate, SoftWe weren’t prepared for the ferocity and viciousness of the attack.
MoribundOf a thing in terminal decline; lacking vitality or vigour.


Declining, Waning, Dying, Stagnating

FlourishingThe peace talks are moribund.

Daily Hindu Vocabulary – 7 January 2021

WordsMeanings & SynonymsAntonymsUsage
AccordGive or grant someone (power, status, or recognition).


Give, Grant, Tender

Be harmonious or consistent with

Correspond, Agree, Tally

Disagree, ContrastHe was accorded certain favors because of his age.
IndeliblyIn a way that cannot be removed or forgotten.


Memorable, Unforgettable

ForgettableThe blood had left an indelible mark on her shirt.
InfirmityPhysical or mental weakness.


Frailty, Weakness

Strength, CertaintyIn recent years she has had to reduce her schedule because of age and infirmity.
EdificeA system that has been established for a long time. It looks as if the whole political edifice of the country is about to collapse.
AccountabilityThe fact or condition of being accountable; responsibility.


Liability, Answerability, Reporting

UnaccountabilityPublic officials are lacking accountability.
RestraintA measure or condition that keeps someone or something under control.


Unemotional, Dispassionate or moderate behaviour, self-control

Abandon, ForwardnessHe showed admirable restraint and refused to be provoked.
GermaneRelevant to a subject under consideration.


Relevant, Pertinent, Applicable, Apposite

IrrelevantHer remarks could not have been more germane to the discussion.
ExtravaganceLack of restraint in spending money or using resources.


Profligacy, Luxury, Indulgence, Comfort

NecessityI think she was shocked by my extravagance.
AmeliorateMake (something bad or unsatisfactory) better.


Improve, Better, Enhance

WorsenForeign aid is badly needed to ameliorate the effects of the drought.
AnxietyA feeling of worry, nervousness, or unease about something with an uncertain outcome.


Concern, Apprehension, Consternation

Calmness, SerenityThe housekeeper has eager anxiety to please everyone.

Daily Hindu Vocabulary – 6 January 2021

WordsMeanings & SynonymsAntonymsUsage
MoribundBeing in the state of dying: approaching death.


Being in the state of inactivity or obsolescence.


LivelyThe peace talks are moribund.
UnderscoreTo make evident: emphasize, stress arrived early to underscore the importance of the occasion.


Underline, Accentuate, Stress

De-emphasizeThese failures underscore the difficulty of what we’re attempting to do.
DistraughtExtremely sad and upset.


Agitated, Delirious, Frantic, Hysterical

Collected, Composed, recollected, Self-collected, Self-composed, Self-possessed, UnhystericalThe missing child’s distraught parents made an emotional appeal for information on TV.
AlacrityBrisk and cheerful readiness.


Eagerness, Willingness, Readiness, Enthusiasm

ApathyShe accepted the money with alacrity.
DeterrenceThe action of discouraging an action or event through instilling doubt or fear of the consequences.


Disincentive, Hindrance, Obstacle

Assistant, EncouragementThe author argues that deterrence is no longer the best way to prevent war.
DeplorableDeserving strong condemnation; completely unacceptable.


Disgraceful, Shameful, Dishonourable, Disreputable, Discreditable

AdmirableThey are forced to live in deplorable conditions.
ImpelDrive, force, or urge (someone) to do something.


Force, Compel, Constrain, Oblige, Propel

 I wonder what it is that impels him to exercise all the time.
PredominantPresent as the strongest or main element.


Main, Chief, Principal

Last, LeastResearch forms the predominant part of my job.

Daily Hindu Vocabulary – 5 January 2021

WordsMeanings & SynonymsAntonymsUsage
SkepticismA sceptical attitude; doubt as to the truth of something.


Doubt, Disbelief, Cynicism, Mistrust

Conviction, Belief, FaithThere is growing skepticism about donations to charities and what they do with the money.
ReprieveCancel or postpone the punishment of (someone, especially someone condemned to death).


Pardon, Spare, Acquit

Charge, PunishHe was sentenced to death but was granted a last-minute reprieve.
DisruptInterrupt (an event, activity, or process) by causing a disturbance or problem.


Hamper, Impede, Derange, Disarrange

Organize, ArrangeHeavy snow disrupted travel into the city this morning.
UndermineLessen the effectiveness, power, or ability of, especially gradually or insidiously.


Subvert, Sabotage, Threaten, Weaken, Compromise, Diminish

Enhance, Improve, StrengthenThe president has accused two cabinet members of working secretly to undermine his position.
EncroachAdvance gradually beyond usual or acceptable limits.


Intrude, Trespass, Impinge

 The suburbs encroach further into the rural areas each year.
ConveneCome or bring together for a meeting or activity; assemble.


Summon, Call, Order, Convoke

DisperseThe prime minister convened (a meeting of) his cabinet to discuss the matter.
ResolutionA firm decision to do or not to do something.


Intention, Resolve, Decision, Intent

IrresolutionThe United Nations passed a resolution to increase aid to developing nations.
SubstantiveHaving a firm basis in reality and so important, meaningful, or considerable.


Considerable, Major

Inconsequential, Inconsiderable, Insignificant, Insubstantial, Negligible, NominalSubstantive research on the subject needs to be carried out.
ArbitrarilyOn the basis of random choice or personal whim, rather than any reason or system.


Dictatorial, Imperious, Peremptory

 Did you have a reason for choosing your destination or was it arbitrary?

Daily Vocabulary – 1 & 4 January 2021

WordsMeanings & SynonymsAntonymsUsage
OpacityThe quality of being obscure in meaning.



The quality of lacking transparency

ClarityHe believes the opacity of traditional property reporting has put off investors.
GambleTake risky action in the hope of a desired result.


Take a chance, take a risk

Sure thingIt was a gamble using such an inexperienced director, but it paid off.
TortuousExcessively lengthy and complex.


Convoluted, Roundabout

Full of twists & turns.

Twisting, Winding, Curving, Bending, Sinuous

Straight, StraightforwardHis so-called shortcut turned out to be tortuous and slow.
ScrambleTo move or climb quickly but with difficulty, often using your hands to help you.


To compete with other people for something there is very little of.

 People are scrambling to buy a property before prices rise even further.
RecessionaryRelating to a period, usually at least six months, of low economic activity, when investments lose value, businesses fail, and people lose their jobs.



InflationaryThey can handle the problems of slower growth or even a recessionary environment.
ReckonConsider or regard in a specified way.


Consider, Judge, View

Establish by calculation.

Calculate, Compute

Miscompute, Miscalculate, Misestimate, MisreckonI reckon it’s going to rain.
DeteriorateBecome progressively worse.


Worsen, Decline, Degenerate, Decay

ImproveShe was taken into hospital last week when her condition suddenly deteriorated.
AggravateMake (a problem, injury, or offense) worse or more serious.



AlleviateAttempts to restrict parking in the city center have further aggravated the problem of traffic congestion.

The Hindu Vocabulary PDF Download – Monthly PDF 2020

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