The Hindu Vocabulary PDF Download – Daily Vocabulary & February PDF 2020

The Hindu newspaper is treated as the Bible by the various exam aspirants be it Bank Exam aspirants, SSC aspirants or UPSC aspirants. Reading the editorial section of the newspaper daily has two-fold benefits: (a) It gives the editor’s views on the latest happenings in India and the world, (b) It also helps enhance English vocabulary. In this blog of “The Hindu Vocabulary PDF Download 2020”, we have come up with a list of difficult words taken from the Hindu Editorials, their meanings, synonyms, antonyms and the correct usage of the words. Read along to understand it better. 

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Topics Covered

1. The Hindu Vocabulary PDF Download – January 2020

Download the free PDF Vocabulary Booster January 2020 from the link provided below.

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2. The Hindu Vocabulary PDF Download – February 2020

Download the free PDF Vocabulary Booster February 2020 from the link provided below:

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Get the Previous Months Hindu Vocabulary PDFs Here.

3. Steps to download the Free Ebooks

Follow the below-given steps to easily download the “The Hindu Editorial Vocabulary Booster” for January & February

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3. If you are not a registered user, then go to the top right side of the screen and click on “Register”. It is a simple process. You would need to put up your email id, a password (of your choice), your mobile number and click on register.

4. You would be shown a list of all eBooks that are free to download.

5. So that you don’t need to put an extra effort finding the “The Hindu Editorial eBook”, click on the “preparation tips” menu option and you would be redirected to the Vocabulary Booster eBooks.

 

4. Daily Vocabulary – March 2020

The Hindu Editorial Daily Vocabulary – 27 March 2020

Words Meanings & Synonyms Antonyms Usage
Alleviate Make suffering, deficiency, or a problem less severe.

Reduce, Ease, Diminish

Aggravate He couldn’t prevent her pain, only alleviate it.
Distress Extreme anxiety, sorrow, or pain.

Anguish, Danger, Hardship

Happiness, Comfort Many of the horses were showing signs of distress at the end of the race.
Underprivileged A person not enjoying the same standard of living or rights as the majority of people in a society.

Needy, Deprived

Privileged, Wealthy, Well-off Underprivileged children often don’t do as well on standardized tests as more privileged students.
Hamstrung Severely restrict the efficiency or effectiveness of.

Handicap, Constrain, Restrict

Help We were hamstrung by a total lack of knowledge.
Notorious Famous or well known, typically for some bad quality or deed.

Infamous, Ill-famed

Unknown, Anonymous, Faceless Los Angeles is notorious for its smog.

 

The Hindu Editorial Daily Vocabulary – 26 March 2020

Words Meanings & Synonyms Antonyms Usage
Unprecedented Never done or known before.

Unparalleled, Unequalled, Unmatched, Unrivalled

Normal, Common The government took the unprecedented step of releasing confidential correspondence.
Unparalleled Having no parallel or equal.
Exceptional, Unique, Singular
Ordinary, Unexceptional The new telescope offers an unparalleled opportunity to conduct research.
Overwhelm Have a strong emotional effect on.

Overcome, Stir, Affect

Lose, Surrender, Underwhelm, Yield In Italy, the virus overwhelmed the health care system in just three weeks.
Anticipate Regard as probable.
Expect or predict.
Doubt, Question She anticipated scorn on her return to the theatre.
Symptomatic Serving as a symptom or sign, especially of something undesirable.

Indicative, Signalling, Warning

Atypical, Non-typical, Uncharacteristic, Untypical A fever’s refusal to respond to antibiotics is symptomatic of a viral infection.

 

The Hindu Editorial Daily Vocabulary – 25 March 2020

Words Meanings & Synonyms Antonyms Usage
Reign To be the king or queen of a country.

The period of time when a king or queen rules a country.

A period when a particular person, feeling, or quality is very important or has a strong influence.

Queen Victoria reigned over Britain from 1837 to 1901.
Debilitating Making someone or something physically weak. Empowering, Strengthening, Invigorating Diabetes can be severely debilitating or even life-threatening if not treated regularly.
Dilapidating Cause something to fall into disrepair or ruin.

Old and in poor condition

Ameliorated, Improved, Meliorated, Bettered, Upgraded The hotel we stayed in was really dilapidated.
Hazardous Dangerous, Grave, Grievous, Jeopardizing, Menacing Harmless, Innocent, Innocuous, Nonhazardous We work in hazardous conditions.
Inevitable Certain to happen.
Unavoidable.
Avoidable, Uncertain By the morning he had accepted the inevitable.

 

The Hindu Editorial Daily Vocabulary – 24 March 2020

Words Meanings & Synonyms Antonyms Usage
Unprecedented Never done or known before.

Unparalleled, Unequalled, Unmatched, Unrivalled

Familiar, Hackneyed, Old, Time-honored,
Tired, Warmed-over
Even still, a COVID-19 vaccine developed, licensed,
and manufactured at a global scale in twelve months
would be an unprecedented, remarkable,
even revolutionary achievement.
Frayed Person’s nerves or temper showing the effects of strain. The whole experience left me with frayed nerves
Cessation The fact or process of ending or being brought to an end.

The end, Ending, Termination, Stopping, Halting

Continuance, Continuation Relapses after cessation of treatment are common.
Hapless Having no luck.

Unfortunate, Hard-luck, Ill-fated, Ill-starred, Jinxed, Luckless

Fortunate, Happy, Lucky She plays the hapless heroine who is unlucky in love.
Vulnerable Capable of being physically or emotionally wounded.

Open to attack or damage.

Assailable

Insusceptible, Invulnerable, Unexposed He was very vulnerable after his divorce.

 

The Hindu Editorial Daily Vocabulary – 23 March 2020

Words Meanings & Synonyms Antonyms Usage
Legitimacy Conformity to the law or to rules.

Lawfulness, Legality

Illegality,
Illegitimacy,
Unlawfulness,
Wrongfulness
The lawyers expressed serious doubts about the legitimacy of military action.
Disgraceful Shockingly unacceptable.

Shameful, Shocking, Scandalous,
Deplorable, Despicable

Admirable, Honourable She thought that their attitude was absolutely disgraceful.
Betrayal The action of betraying one’s country, a group, or a person.

Treachery, Disloyalty, Perfidy

Loyalty, Faithfulness I felt a sense of betrayal when my friends refused to support me.
Unravel Undo, Untangle,

Investigate and solve or explain something complicated or puzzling

Entangle, Complicate The Police were attempting to unravel the cause of death.
Vault A roof in the form of an arch or a series of arches, typical of churches and other large, formal buildings.

To move someone or something suddenly to a much more important position.

Last week’s changes vaulted the general to the top, over the heads of several of his seniors.
Antithesis A person or thing that is the direct opposite of someone or something else.

Converse, Reverse, Inverse, Obverse, Antipode, Contrary

identity, sameness, convertibility, coincidence, coalescence Her temperament is the very antithesis of mine.
Salvage Rescue, Save, Recover, Retrieve

To try to make a bad situation better

Hazard, Imperil, Jeopardize,
Peril, Risk
After the fire, there wasn’t much furniture left worth salvaging.
Truncate To shorten by or as if by cutting off.

Abbreviate, Abridge,
Curtail, Shorten, Syncopate

Elongate, Extend, Lengthen,
Prolong, Protract
I had to truncate her presentation so it would not
exceed five minutes.
Unresolved Problem, question, or dispute not resolved.

Undetermined, Unsettled

Decided, Determined,
Resolved, Settled
The question of contracts remains unresolved.
Recurrence The fact of occurring again. Constant, Continuous,
Incessant, Unceasing,
Eternal, Everlasting,
Interminable, Perpetual
The doctor told him to go to the hospital if there was a recurrence of his symptoms.

 

The Hindu Editorial Daily Vocabulary – 20 March 2020

Words Meanings & Synonyms Antonyms Usage
Comply Act in accordance with a wish or demand.

Abide by, Obey

Ignore, Disobey We were unable to comply with your request.
Concede Admit or agree that something is true after first denying or resisting it.

Admit, Acknowledge, Accept

Deny, Retain The Government has conceded that the new tax policy has been a disaster.
Drastic Likely to have a strong or far-reaching effect;

Radical and extreme, serious forceful desperate dire radical

Mild, Moderate Many employees have had to make drastic cuts in pay.
Envisage Contemplate or conceive of as a possibility or a desirable future event.

Foresee, Predict, Forecast, Foretell, Anticipate, Expect

Disregard, Ignore I envisage a day when proper health care will be available to everyone.
Invoke Cite or appeal to someone or something as an authority for an action or in support of an argument.

Cite, Adduce, Instance

Waive Police can invoke the law to regulate access to these places.
Resurgence An increase or revival after a period of little activity, popularity, or occurrence.

Renewal, Revival, Recovery, Rally, Upturn, Comeback, Reinvigoration

Death, Expiration, Extinction There has been some resurgence in economic activity recently.
Spectacular Beautiful in a dramatic and eye-catching way.

Striking, Picturesque, Eye-catching, Breathtaking, Arresting

Dull He scored a spectacular goal in the second half.
Strip To divest of honours, privileges, or functions. A senior official was stripped of all his privileges for publicly criticising his employer.
Unarticulated Not mentioned or coherently expressed. Articulate The unarticulated assumption is that the enemy is still Russia.
Underscore To emphasize the importance of something Ignore These issues underscore the importance of studying epidemiological samples.

 

The Hindu Editorial Daily Vocabulary – 19 March 2020

Words Meanings & Synonyms Antonyms Usage
Caucus A closed meeting of a group of persons belonging to the same political party
or faction usually to select candidates or to decide on policy.A group of people united to promote an agreed-upon cause
The committee caucused to select the most promising candidates.
Conformity Compliance with standards, rules, or laws.

Correspondence in form, manner, or character
Agreement

Conflict, Disagreement The corporate culture demands certain conformity of appearance.
Dubious Unsettled in opinion
Doubtful, Debatable, Disputable
Certain, Hands-down,
Incontestable, Indisputable
I was rather dubious about the whole idea.
Eminent Person famous and respected within a particular sphere.

Illustrious, Distinguished, Renowned, Esteemed, Pre-eminent

Unimportant, Unknown She is an eminent historian.
Exonerate An official body absolving someone from blame for a fault or wrongdoing.

Absolve, Clear, Acquit

Charge, Convict The report exonerated the crew from all responsibility for the collision.
Futile Incapable of producing any useful result; pointless.

Fruitless, Vain, Pointless, Useless

Useful, Fruitful It’s completely futile trying to reason with him – he just won’t listen.
Heft Weight, Heaviness, Importance, Influence

To lift, hold, or carry something heavy using your hands

I watched him heft the heavy sack onto his shoulder.
Impropriety Failure to observe standards of honesty or modesty;

Improper behaviour or character.

Wrongdoing, Misconduct, Dishonesty, Corruption

Propriety She was scandalized at the impropriety of the question
Insurmountable Too great to be overcome.

, Unconquerable, Invincible, Unassailable, Overwhelming

Superable, Surmountable, Vincible, Vulnerable They were faced with several insurmountable obstacles.
Resonate Produce or be filled with a deep, full, reverberating sound.

To relate harmoniously, Strike a chord

Dampen What resonated with you the most during those early readings and then again as an adult?

 

The Hindu Editorial Daily Vocabulary – 18 March 2020

Words Meanings & Synonyms Antonyms Usage
Deviant Departing from usual or accepted standards,
especially in social or sexual behaviour.Aberrant, Deviating, Divergent, Abnormal,
Atypical, Untypical
Normal,
Orthodox
Some studies show that many violent criminals begin exhibiting deviant behaviour in early childhood.
Propriety Conformity to conventionally accepted standards of behaviour or morals.

Decorum, Respectability, Decency, Correctness, Appropriateness

Impropriety, Indecorum He always behaved with the utmost propriety.
Untenable A position or view not able to be maintained or defended against attack or objection.

Indefensible, Undefendable, Unarguable, Insupportable, Refutable

Tenable, Defensible This argument is clearly untenable.
Presume Suppose that something is the case on the basis of probability.

Assume, Suppose, Imagine, Expect

Infer, Deduce, Prove, Argue I presumed that the man had been escorted from the
building.
Ingenious Clever, original, and inventive. Unimaginative He was ingenious enough to overcome the limited
budget.
Opportunistic Exploiting immediate opportunities, especially regardless of planning or principle. Inexpedient As an opportunistic eater, the tortoise will also
consume dead crabs and insects.
Manoeuvres A movement or series of moves requiring skill and care.

Operation, Exercise, Activity, Movement

Reversing around a corner is one of the manoeuvres you are required to perform in a driving test.
Sabotage Deliberately destroy, damage, or obstruct (something),
especially for political or military advantage.Wreck, Vandalise, Destroy
Conservation, Preservation,
Protection, Salvage, Saving
This was a deliberate attempt to sabotage the
ceasefire.
Falter Lose strength or momentum.

Hesitate, Delay, Drag one’s feet, Stall

The dinner party conversation faltered for a moment.

 

The Hindu Editorial Daily Vocabulary – 17 March 2020

Words Meaning & Synonyms Antonyms Usage
Abysmal Extremely bad.
Appalling. Dreadful, Awful, Terrible, Atrocious
Superb They were living in abysmal ignorance.
Casualty A person killed or injured in a war or accident.

Victim, Fatality, Mortality, Loss

The real casualties in the war against drugs are millions of innocent children.
Collate Collect and combine texts, information, or data.

Gather, Accumulate, Assemble, Combine, Aggregate

Separate The photocopier will collate the documents for you.
Combat Fighting between armed forces.

Battle, Fighting, Action, Hostilities, Conflict

The soldiers were engaged in hand-to-hand combat.
Convene Come or bring together for a meeting or activity; assemble.

Summon, Call Together, Order, Hold, Convoke, Assemble

Disperse He had convened a secret meeting of military personnel
Epidemic A widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time. Outbreak, Plague, Scourge, Infestation Limited, Local Poverty in this country has reached epidemic proportions.
Incontrovertible Not able to be denied or disputed.

Indisputable, Incontestable, Undeniable, Irrefutable, Unassailable

Questionable Her logic is utterly incontrovertible.
Moribund A person at the point of death dying,

Expiring

thriving, recovering On examination, she was found moribund and dehydrated.
Pandemic Disease prevalent over a whole country or the world.
Widespread, Prevalent, Pervasive, Rife, Rampant, Epidemic
In some parts of the world malaria is still pandemic.
Wherewithal The money or other means needed for a particular purpose.
Money-ready, Money, Cash Capital, Finance, Resources
Debts, Liabilities, Indebtedness He doesn’t have the wherewithal to finish what he started.

 

The Hindu Editorial Daily Vocabulary – 16 March 2020

Words

Meanings & Synonyms Antonyms

Usage

Articulate Having or showing the ability to speak fluently and coherently.

Eloquent, Fluent, Communicative, Effective, Persuasive

Inarticulate, Hesitant, Unintelligible

 

He found it hard to articulate his feelings.
Coercive Relating to or using force or threats.

Insistent, Persistent, Pressing, Urgent

Chosen, Discretionary, Dispensable, Unnecessary, Unneeded The president relied on the coercive powers of the military.
Detention The action of detaining someone or the state of being detained in official custody.

Custody, Imprisonment, Confinement, Incarceration, Internment

Discharge, Release Concern has been expressed about the death in detention of a number of political prisoners.
Imminent About to happen.

Impending, At hand, Close, Near, Approaching

Remote Economists are warning that the coronavirus could spark an imminent economic slowdown or even recession.
Orchestrate Plan or coordinate the elements of a situation to produce the desired effect, especially surreptitiously.

Organize, Arrange, Put together, Plan, Set up, Bring about

Disperse, Divide. Separate, Disorganize, Ignore

 

Their victory was largely a result of their brilliantly orchestrated election campaign.
Perilous Full of danger or risk.

Dangerous, Fraught with danger, Hazardous, Risky, Unsafe

Safe, Secure

 

The country roads are quite perilous.
Staggered Walk or move unsteadily, as if about to fall.

Lurch, Walk unsteadily, Reel, Sway, Teeter

Astonish or deeply shock.

Astonish, Amaze, Nonplus, Startle, Astound, Surprise

Dive in, Plunge in

 

I was staggered at the prices.
Triumphant Having won a battle or contest.

Victorious, Successful

Winning

Unsuccessful, Defeated, Losing

 

She made a triumphant return to the stage after several years of working in television.
Turmoil A state of great disturbance, confusion, or uncertainty.

Confusion, Upheaval, Turbulence, Tumult, Disorder, Commotion

Calm, Peace

 

The whole region is in turmoil.

The Hindu Editorial Daily Vocabulary – 13 March 2020

Words Meanings & Synonyms Antonyms Usage
Aggressive Ready or likely to attack or confront.
characterized by or resulting from aggression.
Hostile, Belligerent, Bellicose, Antagonistic, Truculent
Meek, Friendly, Peaceful He is very uncooperative and aggressive.
Apprehensive Anxious or fearful that something bad or unpleasant will happen.
Anxious, Alarmed, Worried, Uneasy, Nervous, Concerned
Confident She felt apprehensive about going home.
Exponentially An exponential rate of increase becomes quicker and quicker as the thing that increases becomes larger.
Expanding, Growing, Mounting, Rampant, Spreading, Wanton
We are looking for exponential growth in our investment.
Fragile Easily destroyed or threatened.
Breakable, Easily broken, Brittle, Frangible
Robust You have a fragile grip on reality.
Galloping Moving, proceeding, or acting with great speed.
Blistering, Breakneck, Breathless, Brisk, Dizzy
Crawling, Dallying, Dawdling,
Dillydallying, Slow
We galloped through the woods.
Obscure Not discovered or known about.
Uncertain, Unclear, Uncertain, Unknown, In doubt, Doubtful, Dubious
Reveal His answers were obscure and confusing.
Overwhelming Very great in amount.
Profuse, Enormous, Immense, Inordinate, Massive, Huge, Formidable
Small She felt an overwhelming urge to tell someone about what had happened.
Pandemic Disease prevalent over a whole country or the world.
Widespread, Prevalent, Pervasive, Rife, Rampant, Epidemic
In some parts of the world malaria is still pandemic.
Scrambling To move or climb quickly but with difficulty, often using your hands to help you.
To compete with other people for something there is very little of.
People are scrambling to buy the property before prices rise even further.

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The Hindu Editorial Daily Vocabulary – 12 March 2020

Words

Meanings & Synonyms Antonyms

Usage

Annihilate Destroy utterly.

Obliterate.

Create, Build, Establish He was annihilated in the finals of the competition
Defection The desertion of one’s country or cause in favour of an opposing one.

Desertion, Absconding, Decamping, Flight

Adherence Recent changes in policy have resulted in large-scale defection from the party.
Deterrent A thing that discourages or is intended to discourage someone from doing something.

Disincentive, Discouragement, Dissuasion, Damper, Brake

Incentive, Encouragement

 

Tougher prison sentences may act as a deterrent to other would-be offenders.
Gainsaying Deny or contradict a fact or statement.

Deny, Dispute

Confirm It can’t be gainsaid that most people wish they had more time and money.
Intriguing Arousing one’s curiosity or interest; fascinating.

Engaging, Engrossing, Enthralling, Fascinating, Gripping

Boring, Drab, Dry, Dull, Heavy, Monotonous, Tedious, Uninteresting She has a really intriguing personality.
Intuitive Using or based on what one feels to be true even without conscious reasoning.

Instinctive, Innate, Inborn, Inherent

Unnatural, Non-natural, Cultivated, Developed, Trained Most people have an intuitive sense of right and wrong.
Somersault An acrobatic movement in which a person turns head over heels in the air or on the ground and lands or finishes on their feet.

To turn over completely, or to make something do this.

  She was so happy she turned three somersaults on the lawn.
Torchbearer A person who leads or inspires others in working towards a valued goal. Subordinate, Follower, Secondary He became the torchbearer for civil rights.
Vulnerability The quality or state of being exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed, either physically or emotionally.

Endangered, Exposed, Liable, Open, Sensitive, Subject, Susceptible

Insusceptible, Invulnerable, Unexposed, Unsusceptible

 

He was very vulnerable after his divorce.

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The Hindu Editorial Daily Vocabulary – 11 March 2020

Words

Meanings & Synonyms Antonyms

Usage

Bellwether The leading sheep of a flock, with a bell on its neck.

Something that leads or indicates a trend.

Leader, Pacemaker, Pacer, Pacesetter, Trendsetter

Follower, Imitator

 

She is a bellwether of fashion.
Contemplating Look thoughtfully for a long time at.

Think deeply and at length.

Think about, Meditate on/over, Consider, Ponder, Reflect on/about

Ignore, Overlook, Waive, Abandon They were contemplating a move to California.
Elegance The quality of being graceful and stylish in appearance or manner.

Style, Stylishness, Grace, Gracefulness, Smoothness

Inelegance, Gaucheness, Messiness, Gracelessness It was her natural elegance that struck me.
Extoll To praise highly.

Bless, Carol, Celebrate, Emblazon, Exalt, Glorify

Abhor, Abominate, Contemn, Despise, Detest, Dislike The health benefits of exercise are widely extolled.
Fragility The quality of being easily broken or damaged.

Frailty, Flimsiness, Weakness, Delicacy, Daintiness, Fineness

Robustness Osteoporosis is characterized by bone fragility.
Mayhem A situation in which there is little or no order or control.

Anarchy, Commotion, Destruction, Fracas, Havoc

Pacificism, 

Pacifism

Non-violence

 

With 20 kids running around and only two adults to supervise, it was complete mayhem.
Muster Collect or assemble a number or amount.

Assemblage, Assembly, Conference, Congregation, Convocation, Gathering, Mobilize

Demobilize

 

17,000 men had been mustered on Haldon Hill.
Proximate Closest in a relationship, Immediate.

Nearly accurate; approximate.

Approaching, Coming, Forthcoming, Imminent, Impending

Late, Recent

 

He would try to change her speech into proximate ladylikeness.
Volatility Liability to change rapidly and unpredictably, especially for the worse.

The quality of being readily vaporizable at a fairly low temperature.

Stable, Calm

 

There are many stories about his volatility and a volcanic temper.

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The Hindu Editorial Daily Vocabulary – 9 March 2020

Words

Meanings & Synonyms Antonyms

Usage

Accommodating Willing to fit in with someone’s wishes or needs.

Obliging, Cooperative, Helpful, Eager to help/please, Adaptable

Unobliging, Disobliging

 

The airline could not have been more accommodating in getting me on a connecting flight.
Altercation A noisy argument or disagreement, especially in public.

The argument, Quarrel, Squabble, Fight, Shouting match, Contretemps

Unanimity, Concord, Compromise, Agreement, Reconciliation, Consonance, Conversation, Harmony According to witnesses, the altercation between the two men started inside the restaurant.
Conflagration An extensive fire which destroys a great deal of land or property.

Ignition, Fire, Combustion, Arson, Incendiarism.

Peace

 

The treaty is the latest attempt to resolve the ten-year conflagration.
Genuflect Lower one’s body briefly by bending one knee to the ground, typically in worship or as a sign of respect.

Kowtow

Disparage Politicians had to genuflect to the far left to advance their careers.
Gridlock A situation of very severe traffic congestion.

A situation in which no progress can be made.

Clearance, Opening

 

A car breaking down at rush hour could cause gridlock across half the city.

 

Heightened More intense than normal.

To increase or make something increase, especially an emotion or effect.

Accentuate, Amplify, Boost

Abate, Moderate

 

The strong police presence only heightened the tension among the crowd.
Infanticide A person who kills an infant, especially their own child.   Female infanticide and discrimination are against the principles of liberty.
Outnumber Be more numerous than.

Exceed, Outman, Outstrip, Overcount.

  In our office, the women outnumber the men three to one.
Stubborn Having or showing dogged determination not to change one’s attitude or position on something, especially in spite of good arguments or reasons to do so.

Obstinate, Stubborn as a mule, Mulish, Headstrong, Wilful

Compliant, Docile

 

They have huge arguments because they’re both so stubborn.

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The Hindu Editorial Daily Vocabulary – 6 March 2020

Words

Meanings & Synonyms Antonyms

Usage

Blatant Bad behaviour has been done openly and unashamedly.

Flagrant, Glaring, Obvious, Undisguised, Unconcealed, Overt

Inconspicuous, Subtle

 

The whole episode was a blatant attempt to gain publicity.
Communal Shared by all members of a community, for common use.

Shared, Joint, Common, General, Public, Collective

The conflict between different communities, especially those having different religions or ethnic origins.

Exclusive, Individual, One-Man, One-Sided, One-Way, Single, Sole, Solitary, Unilateral The tribe lived in communal huts.

Communal riots/disturbances have once again broken out between the two ethnic groups.

Dereliction The state of having been abandoned and become dilapidated.

Dilapidation, Disrepair, Decrepitude, Deterioration, Ruin

The shameful failure to fulfil one’s obligations.

Negligence, Neglect, Neglectful, Delinquency, Failure

Fulfilment

 

A 15th-century farmhouse has been saved from dereliction.
Egregious Outstandingly bad; shocking.

Shocking, Appalling, Horrific, Horrifying, Horrible, Terrible

Marvellous It was an egregious error for a statesman to show such ignorance.
Inadequate Lacking the quality or quantity required,

Insufficient for a purpose.

Deficient, Poor, Scant, Scanty, Scarce

Adequate, Sufficient, Competent

 

She rejected the $2 million offer as totally inadequate.
Incitement The action of provoking unlawful behaviour or urging someone to behave unlawfully.

Urging, Goading, Spurring on, Motivation, Persuasion

Suppression, Discouragement

 

They denied inciting the crowd to violence.
Infraction A violation or infringement of a law or agreement.

Infringement, Contravention, Breach, Violation, Transgression

Noninfringement, 

Observance

 

Any attempt to influence the judges will be seen as an infraction of the rules.
Partisanship Prejudice in favour of a particular cause.

Bias.

Impartiality, Neutrality, Objectivity, Open-Mindedness, Unbiasedness There was certain partisanship about the way that votes were cast.
Unchallenged Not disputed or questioned.

Uncontested, Undisputed, Absolute, Clear

Debatable, Disputable, Doubtable, Doubtful She is the unchallenged authority in the field.

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The Hindu Editorial Daily Vocabulary – 5 March 2020

Words

Meanings & Synonyms Antonyms

Usage

Abide Accept or act following a rule, decision, or recommendation.

Obey, Observe, Follow, Keep to

Flout, Reject

 

I said I would abide by their decision.
Amicus curiae One such as a professional person or organization that is not a party to a particular litigation but that is permitted by the court to advise it in respect to some matter of law that directly affects the case in question   The bench directed that the list be given to the amicus curiae Janak Dwarkadas before August 10 for consideration.
Buttress Increase the strength of or justification for.

Reinforce, Strengthen, Reinforce, Fortify, Support

  The mother had always been the buttress of our family in trying times.
Contravene To do something that a law or rule does not allow, or to break a law or rule.

Breach, Break, Fracture, Infringe, Offend, Traduce, Transgress, Violate

Comply with, Conform to, Follow, Mind, Obey, Observe The company knew its actions contravened international law.
Expertise Expert skill or knowledge in a particular field.

Skill, Prowess, Proficiency, Competence

Incompetence

 

We admired the expertise with which he prepared the meal.
Humanitarian Concerned with or seeking to promote human welfare.

Compassionate, Humane, Unselfish, Altruistic, Generous

Selfish, For Profit

 

The prisoner has been released for humanitarian reasons.
Non-refoulement The practise of not forcing refugees or asylum seekers to return to a country in which they are liable to be subjected to persecution.   We are appealing to all states to uphold their international obligations concerning non-refoulement.
Purge Rid someone or something of an unwanted quality, condition, or feeling.

Abrupt or violent removal of a group of people.

Removal, Expulsion, Ejection, Exclusion, Eviction, Clearance

Rehabilitate. Hard-liners are expected to be purged from the administration.
Unwarranted Not justified or authorized.

Unjustified, Unjustifiable, Indefensible, Inexcusable, Unforgivable

Justified, Permitted, Legal

 

I am sure your fears are unwarranted.

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The Hindu Editorial Daily Vocabulary – 4th March 2020

Words

Meanings & Synonyms Antonyms

Usage

Complacent Showing smug or uncritical satisfaction with oneself or one’s achievements.

Smug, Self-satisfied, Pleased with oneself, Proud of oneself, Self-approving, Self-congratulatory, Self-admiring, Self-regarding, Gloating

Dissatisfied, Humble

 

You can’t afford to be complacent about security.
Flow and ebb A recurrent pattern of coming and going or decline and regrowth.   You have to accept the ebb and flow of love in a relationship.
Indomitable Impossible to subdue or defeat.

Invincible, Unconquerable, Unbeatable, Unassailable, Impregnable

Submissive, Weak

 

The indomitable Mrs Furlong said she would continue to fight for justice.
Leapfrog To improve your position by going past other people quickly or by missing out some stages.

Bypass, Circumnavigate, Circumvent, Detour, Skirt

Confront, Face, Meet, Accept, Court, Embrace, Pursue, Seek, Welcome She leapfrogged several older colleagues to get the manager’s job.
Marauding Going about in search of things to steal or people to attack.

Despoil, Loot, Pillage, Plunder, Ransack, Sack

  Witnesses reported gangs of marauding soldiers breaking into people’s houses and setting fire to them.
Preparedness A state of readiness, especially for war.

Readiness

Unpreparedness, 

Unreadiness

 

The country maintained a high level of military preparedness.
Snuff Extinguish a candle or flame

Extinguish, Put out, Douse, Smother, Choke

Light, Ignite

 

Very few people take snuff nowadays.
Spectacular Beautiful in a dramatic and eye-catching way.

Striking, Picturesque, Eye-catching, Breath-taking, Arresting

Dull French history was represented in a spectacular for tourists.
Supremacy The state or condition of being superior to all others in authority, power, or status.

Ascendancy, Predominance, Primacy, Dominion, Hegemony

Inferiority, Subordination, Subjection The Roman empire had supremacy over the entire Mediterranean world.

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The Hindu Editorial Daily Vocabulary – 3rd March 2020

Words

Meanings & Synonyms Antonyms

Usage

Concede Admit or agree that something is true after first denying or resisting it.

Admit, Acknowledge, Accept, Allow, Grant, Recognize

Deny I had to concede that I’d overreacted.
Conspiracy A secret plan by a group to do something unlawful or harmful.

Plot, Scheme, Stratagem, Plan, Machination, Cabal, Intrigue

Faithfulness, Honesty, Ignorance, Loyalty

 

The CIA uncovered a conspiracy against the government.
Enmity A state or feeling of active opposition or hostility.

Hostility, Animosity, Antagonism, Friction, Antipathy, Animus

Friendship, Goodwill

 

She denied any personal enmity towards him.
Frivolous Not having any serious purpose or value.

Flippant, Glib, Waggish, Joking, Jokey, Light-Hearted, Facetious

Carefree and superficial.

Giddy, Silly, Foolish

Facetious, Zany, Light-Hearted, Merry

Serious, Practical, Important, Sensible I think he sees her as a frivolous young woman.
Legitimize Make legitimate.

 

Validate, Legitimate, Permit, Warrant, Authorize, Sanction

Outlaw Voters legitimize the government through the election of public officials.
Malicious Characterized by malice; intending or intended to harm.

Spiteful, Malevolent, Hostile, Bitter, Venomous, Poisonous

Benevolent He was found guilty of malicious damage.
Prima facie Based on the first impression.

Accepted as correct until proved otherwise.

Apparent, Assumed, Evident, 

Ostensible

Hidden, Inapparent, Implausible

 

There is prima facie evidence that he was involved in the fraud.
Prosecution The institution and conducting of legal proceedings against someone in respect of a criminal charge.

Discharge, Enactment, Execution,

Nonfulfillment, Non-performance

 

Several cases have resulted in successful prosecution.
Sedition Conduct or speech inciting people to rebel against the authority of a state or monarch.

Treason

  The leaders of the group have been arrested and charged with sedition.

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The Hindu Editorial Daily Vocabulary – 2nd March 2020

Words

Meanings & Synonyms Antonyms

Usage

Abandon Cease to support or look after someone.

Desert.

Give up completely a practice or a course of action.

Renounce, Relinquish, Dispense with, Forswear, Disclaim

Stick by, Keep, Claim, Continue, Take up

 

Her natural mother had abandoned her at an early age.
Banish Send someone away from a country or place as an official punishment.

Exile, Expel, Deport

Eject, Expatriate, Extradite, Repatriate

Admit, Readmit

 

Many people were banished to Siberia for political crimes.
Desperation A state of despair, typically one which results in rash or extreme behaviour.

Hopelessness, Despair, Distress, Anguish, Pain, Agony

Hope, 

Hopefulness

 

People who lose their homes and households try to do things in desperation and this strengthens the hands of the radicals.
Hinterland The remote areas of a country away from the coast or the banks of major rivers.

The back of beyond, The middle of nowhere

  The colonies hugged the coastline, while the hinterland remained largely unexplored.
Insurgent A person fighting against a government or invading force; a rebel or revolutionary.

Rebel, Revolutionary, Revolutionist, Mutineer, Agitator

Loyalist All approaches to the capital are now under the control of the insurgents.
Invariably In every case or on every occasion.

Always.

Every time, Each time, On every occasion, At all times

Sometimes, Never

 

The train is invariably late.
Legitimacy Conformity to the law or rules.

 

 

Illegality, 

Illegitimacy, 

Unlawfulness, 

Wrongfulness

The lawyers expressed serious doubts about the legitimacy of military action.
Stalemate A situation in which neither group involved in an argument can win or get an advantage and no action can be taken.

Impasse, Standoff, Standstill

Headway, Progress

 

Despite long discussions, the workers and the management remain locked in a stalemate.
Unleash Cause a strong or violent force to be released or become unrestrained.

Let loose, Release, Free, Set free, Loose, Unbridle

Restrain The failure of the talks could unleash more fighting.

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