Medieval India Timeline – History Study Notes for SSC and Railway Exams

Questions related to Medieval History of India are a very common part of the Questions paper of various Bank and Government exams like SSC CGL, RRB ALP, RRB Group D, etc. Therefore to help you cover this important topic we are providing you with free Medieval History Study notes about Timeline of Important Events of Medieval India. 

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Medieval History of India notes (Study Notes) – Important Dates

We have mentioned the year and the important event which occurred in that year.


712 AD Sindh invaded by Arabs (Mohd. Bin Qasim) for the first time.
836 AD King Bhoja became the king of Kannauj.
985 AD Rajaraja became the King of the Chola Empire.
998 AD Mahmud Ghazni became the Sultan of the Ghaznavid Empire.
1001 AD Mahmud Ghazni’s first invasion of India during which he defeated Jaipal, ruler of Punjab.
1025 AD Somnath Temple destroyed by Mahmud Ghazni.
1191 AD The first battle of Tarain was fought between Prithviraj Chauhan and Mahmud Ghori. Prithviraj Chauhan won the battle
1192 AD Second battle of Tarain was fought in which Prithviraj Chauhan was defeated
1206 AD Qutubuddin Aibak became the ruler of Delhi.
1210 AD Qutubuddin Aibak died.
1221 AD Mongol invasion of India under Chengiz Khan.
1236 AD Razia Sultana ascended the throne of Delhi.
1240 AD Razia Sultana’s death.
1296 AD Alauddin Khilji became the Sultan of Delhi.
1316 AD Alauddin Khilji died.
1325 AD Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq overtook the Throne of Delhi Sultanate.
1327 AD Muhammad-in-Tughlaq transferred the capital of his empire from Delhi to Devagiri (Daulatabad) in Deccan
1336 AD Vijaynagar empire was founded by 2 brothers – Harihar and Bukka.
1351 AD Firoz Shah Tughlaq succeeded Muhammad bin Tughlaq to the Delhi Throne.
1398 AD Timur’s invaded India.
1469 AD Birth of Sant Guru Nanak.
1494 AD Babur became the ruler of Farghana.
1497–98 AD Vasco di Gama reached India
1526 AD Mughal Dynasty was founded by Babur when he defeated Ibrahim Lodhi in the First Battle of Panipat.
1527 AD Rana Sanga was defeated by Babur in the Battle of Khanwa.
1530 AD Humayun ascended to the Mughal throne after Babur’s death.
1539 AD Battle of Chausa – Humayun defeated by Sher Shah Suri who became India’s emperor.
1555 AD Humayun recaptured Delhi by ending the Sur Empire
1556 AD Second Battle of Panipat between Bairam Khan and Hemu, where Hemu was defeated
1556 AD Battle of Talikota (Rakshasa-Tangadi) fought between Vijaynagar and the combined army of Sultans of Bijapur, Bidar, Ahmadnagar, and Golconda.
1576 AD Akbar defeated Maharana Pratap in the Battle of Haldighati.
1582 AD Akbar founded Din-i-Ilahi.
1600 AD English East India Company established.
1605 AD Death of Akbar followed by Jahangir’s accession to the Mughal Throne.
1606 AD Sikhs 5th Guru – Guru Arjun Dev, was executed by Jahangir
1615 AD Sir Thomas Roe the British Official visited the court of Jahangir.
1627 AD Shivaji was Born
1628 AD Shahjahan ascended to the Mughal Throne to become the emperor of India.
1634 AD The English permitted to trade in India (in Bengal).
1659 AD Aurangzeb captured the Mughal Throne and imprisoned Shahjahan.
1665 AD Aurangzeb captured Shivaji when he visited the Mughal Court.
1666 AD Death of Shahjahan.
1675 AD The 9th Guru of Sikhs – Guru Teg Bahadur was executed by Aurangzeb.
1680 AD Death of Shivaji.
1707 AD Aurangzeb in Deccan.
1708 AD Death of Guru Gobind Singh, the 10th Guru of Sikhs.
1739 AD North India Invaded by Nadir Shah the ruler of Iran
1757 AD Battle of Plassey in which Britsih under Robert Clive defeated the Bengal Ruler – Siraj ud daula and laid the foundation of British rule in India
1761 AD The third battle of Panipat fought between Maratha and Ahmedshah Abdali. Maratha’s lost the battle

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