Preparing for the CTET exam needs practice as there are many topics which are needed to be covered. To help you with that, we will be providing you with free CTET study notes. In this article, we will study the Modern history notes on the List of Viceroys of India. While India was under the British rule, there were a number of viceroys that headed the British East India Company in India. Today, we will learn about their names, duration of rule and their measures while they were in charge.
Also covered will be the Indian movements that happened in their reign.
Let’s start with the article to know more:
Table of Contents
- 1. List Of Viceroys Of India – Modern History Notes
- 1.1 Lord Viscount Canning (AD 1858 – 1862)
- 1.2 Lord Elgin (AD 1863)
- 1.3 Sir John Lawrence (AD 1864 – 1869)
- 1.4 Lord Mayo (AD 1869 – 1872)
- 1.5 Lord Northbrook (AD 1872 – 1876)
- 1.6 Lord Lytton (AD 1876 – 1880)
- 1.7 Lord Ripon (AD 1880 – 1884)
- 1.8 Lord Dufferin (AD 1884 – 1888)
- 1.9 Lord Landsdowne (AD 1888 – 1894)
- 1.10 Lord Elgin II (AD 1894 – 1899)
- 1.11 Lord Curzon (AD 1899 – 1905)
- 1.12 Lord Minto (AD 1905 -1910)
- 1.13 Lord Hardinge (AD 1910 – 1916)
- 1.14 Lord Chelmsford (AD 1916 – 1921)
- 1.15 Lord Reading (AD 1921 -1926)
- 1.16 Lord Irwin (AD 1926 – 1931)
- 1.17 Lord Willingdon (AD 1931-1936)
- 1.18 Lord Linlithgow (AD 1936-1943)
- 1.19 Lord Wavell (AD 1943-1947)
- 1.20 Lord Mountbatten (AD 21 Feb, 1947 – 15 Aug, 1947)
1. List Of Viceroys Of India – Modern History Notes
India was under a series of viceroy’s since their 1857 revolt. Here we have discussed the names, tenure and the specifics of the tasks undertaken during their tenure, Let’s go:
1.1 Lord Viscount Canning (AD 1858 – 1862)
Lord canning was the last Governor-General of India and the viceroy of British India.
The Government of India Act 1858 was introduced by him. He also was responsible for the introduction of the Budget System in India.
He Abolished Doctrine of Lapse. This act removed the princely status of the Indian states under British East India Company rule.
1.2 Lord Elgin (AD 1863)
Responsible for the Wahabi Movement.
1.3 Sir John Lawrence (AD 1864 – 1869)
Under his reign was the Bhutan War fought where the British army defeated the undefended Bhutanese.
The High court in Bombay, Calcutta & Madras and later in Allahabad was set up under his tenure.
He was also the one to form the Indian Forest Department.
1.4 Lord Mayo (AD 1869 – 1872)
The state and center will have a financial distribution. This was formulated by Lord Mayo.
He Started the census in India.
Opened Rajkumar college in Rajkot and Mayo College at Ajmer for political training of Indian Princes.
Lord Mayo was killed by a Pathan named Sher Ali Afridi.
1.5 Lord Northbrook (AD 1872 – 1876)
The Dramatic performances Act was introduced by Lord Northbrook in India.
This was done to suppress the Indian theatres which by then had become a source of protest.
He was the one to allow intercaste marriage to take place.
Kuka rebellion in Punjab also took place under his tenure.
The concept of Arya Samaj Marriage was also introduced under his reign.
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1.6 Lord Lytton (AD 1876 – 1880)
2nd Anglo-Afghan war was fought during his tenure.
He was also referred to as the “Viceroy of Reverse Character”
Queen Victoria assumed the title of ‘Empress of India’ while his reign.
Vernacular Press Act of 1878 was introduced by him.
He also abolished the tax on Cotton for the traders present in British.
1.7 Lord Ripon (AD 1880 – 1884)
The First Factory Act was introduced by him in 1881. This act focussed on prohibited labor. This was to made possible by reducing the working hour and providing a better work-life balance.
The appointment of an education commission was done in order to improve the primary and secondary education conditions in the country.
He annulled the Vernacular Press Act (1882).
1.8 Lord Dufferin (AD 1884 – 1888)
3rd War between The English Army & Burma was fought.
The formation of the Indian National Congress in 1885 was done during his tenure.
1.9 Lord Landsdowne (AD 1888 – 1894)
The Factory Act of 1819 was enacted to provide deemly fitting benefits to children working in the factories.
Children below the age of 7 years were prohibited from working in the factory.
Indian Councils Act 1892 was introduced which was the first time an indirect election was given a green light.
1.10 Lord Elgin II (AD 1894 – 1899)
Great Famine of 1896 -97 happened in this period. It began in Bundelkhand district then falling in Agra province.
Lyall Commission on Famine was established.
First British Officer was killed in his reign by Chhapekar brothers. That became the first political murder.
1.11 Lord Curzon (AD 1899 – 1905)
Indian Universities Act 1904 was passed to control the Indian Universities by one body.
Partition of Bengal in 1905 happened during this period.
Archaeological Survey of India was established under his tenure.
Annie Besant laid the foundation of Benaras Hindu Girl’s School in 1904 for the support education of Girls.
Also, Official Secrets Act was passed in 1904 to prevent free press.
1.12 Lord Minto (AD 1905 -1910)
During Lord Minto’s session was the Swadesh Movement of 1905 began. This movement focussed on the purchase of Indian goods and boycotting foreign goods.
The Indian Councils Act of 1909 was introduced.
Muslim League was established by the Aga Khan III in 1906.
Jamsetji Tata established TISCO in 1907.
The Indian Press Act 1910 was passed under his reign.
1.13 Lord Hardinge (AD 1910 – 1916)
The Capital of India was transferred from Calcutta To Delhi in 1911.
Bihar Province was formed by the partition of Bengal Province in 1912.
McMahon Border Line was created between India and China in 1914.
1.14 Lord Chelmsford (AD 1916 – 1921)
Home Rule League 1916 was launched under his tenure.
Lucknow Pact of 1916 was signed between INC and Muslim league was signed in Lucknow.
Rowlatt Act of 1919 was passed during this period.
Jallianwala Bagh Massacre occurred in 1919 at Amritsar by General Dyer.
Imperial Bank Of India (now called as State Bank Of India) was established in 1921.
1.15 Lord Reading (AD 1921 -1926)
The Non-Cooperation Movement of (1921-1922) started.
Rabindranath Tagore founded the Visva-Bharti University in 1921.
The infamous Chauri Chaura Incident of 1922 took place during the reign of Lord Reading.
1.16 Lord Irwin (AD 1926 – 1931)
The Simon Commission was introduced n 1928.
The Indian National Congress gave the slogan of Complete Swaraj Movement in 1929. This was the beginning of the dream of Self Rule India and free from Britishers.
Gandhiji started the Salt March in oppose to the Salt Tax imposed by the British Govt.
The First Round Table Conference of 1930 began under his tenure.
Gandhi-Irwin Pact was signed in 1931 which was a political agreement.
1.17 Lord Willingdon (AD 1931-1936)
The Poona Act was signed between Gandhiji & B.R. Ambedkar in 1932.
Government of India Act 1935 was passed.
Reserve Bank of India was established by passing the Reserve Bank of India Act 1934.
Congress Socialist Party was established in 1934.
1.18 Lord Linlithgow (AD 1936-1943)
Crips Mission started in 1942.
Quit India Movement started in 1942 where India totally decided they wanted a Free India.
Indian National Army was formed in 1942.
1.19 Lord Wavell (AD 1943-1947)
Simla Conference 1945 was held between Lord Wavell and Major British political leader of India.
Cabinet Mission 1946 came to India.
1.20 Lord Mountbatten (AD 21 Feb, 1947 – 15 Aug, 1947)
Indian Independence Act 1947 was passed.
He was the last Viceroy of India.
That brings us to the end of this article. The List of Viceroys of India provided here will be helpful to you in your exam preparations for CTET Paper 2.
You can also take the Free Mock Test to assess your preparation levels and get the areas you need to work on.