Reading Comprehension Quiz 10

Reading comprehension is an important part of the English Language section in any Bank PO and Government exam. Here’s Reading Comprehension Quiz 10 from our series of Practice Reading Comprehension Quiz. Take the Reading Comprehension Quiz 10 and share your scores in the comment section below.

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Reading Comprehension Quiz 10

Directions for Questions 1 to 15: Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/phrases are printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

When people buy diamond jewelry, they often want to convey love or commitment to someone dear and special. But, this jewelry, if it contains diamonds from Sierra Leone and Angola diamond mines in West Africa, could have a bloody past signifying mistreatment and abuse. The movie, Blood Diamond, traces the path of a large pink diamond found in Sierra Leone in the 1990’s by a fisherman working as a slave in a rebel-controlled diamond mine. That diamond changed and ended many lives and the story of that stone carries a strong social message. The story design is an interesting fiction but it. is based upon real life events. The movie sensitizes the audience on how a mineral resource can fine oppression and the slaughter of thousands of people. This is not a first time phenomenon. It has happened before in Africa with ivory and gold.

What Are ‘Conflict Diamonds’?

Blood Diamonds, also known as ‘Conflict Diamonds’ are stones that are produced in areas controlled by rebel forces namely the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) that are opposed to internationally recognized governments. The rebels sell these rough diamonds, and the money is used to purchase arms or to fund their military actions. Blood Diamonds are often produced through the forced labor of men, women and children. They are also stolen during shipment or seized by attacking the mining operations of legitimate producers. These attacks can be on the scale of a large military operation. The stones are then smuggled into the international diamond trade arid sold as legitimate gems. These diamonds are often the main source of funds for the rebels. Enormous amounts of money are at stake and bribes, threats, torture, and murder are modes of operation. The profits made from the sale of these diamonds are used to fund terrorism and civil war. This is why the term ‘blood diamonds is used.

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In the aftermath of horrific abuses committed by West African rebel groups enriched by diamond wealth, an international body backed by the United Nations (the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme) was founded to ensure that traders and consumers could identify blood diamonds and prevent their trade.

The flow of ‘Conflict Diamonds’ has originated mainly from Sierra Leone, Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo, Liberia and Ivory Coast. The United Nations and other groups such as Global Witness and Partnership Africa Ciada are working to block the entry of conflict diamonds into the worldwide diamond trade. Their approach has been to develop a government certification procedure known as the ‘Kimberley Process’. This procedure requires each nation to certify that all rough diamond exports are produced through legitimate mining and sales activity. Diamonds exported from these nations are to be accompanied by certificates. These certificates state that the diamonds were produced, sold and exported through legitimate channels. The certification process accounts for all rough diamonds, through every step of their movement, from mine to retail sale. Most consumers d< Mot realize that they may be pun 11 : mg blood diamonds – even in 2010, 1 he Amnesty International survey found that 83 per cent of U.S. jewelers say their customers ‘rarely or never” inquire about the source of diamonds. Retail customers buying a cut diamond are encouraged to insist upon a sales receipt document stating that their diamond originated from a conflict free source.

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Nations who agree to participate in the Kimberley Process are not permitted to trade with non-member Nations. The Kimberly Process is believed to have significantly reduced the number of ‘Conflict Diamonds’ that are reaching the international gem markets. Today 71 governments and several non-government organizations abide by the Kimberley Process. The World Diamond Council estimates that 99% of all diamonds are now conflict free.

However, despite implementation of the Kimberley Process, blood diamonds still exist and are entering the legitimate trade. Although the scheme makes it more difficult for diamonds from rebel-held areas to reach international markets, there are still significant weaknesses in the scheme that undermine its effectiveness. A United Nations Group of Experts has recently found that poor controls are allowing significant volumes of blood diamonds to enter the legitimate trade through Ghana, where they are being certified as conflict free. International trading centers need to introduce better systems for identifying suspicious shipments of rough diamonds. Many other diamond-producing countries have weak government controls that cannot guarantee that the diamonds they export are conflict free.

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1. What action have the U.N. and other international groups taken to block the entry of Conflict Diamonds’ into the diamond trade?

(A) They have introduced a certification procedure known as the ‘Kimberley Process’.

(B) They are fighting against the rebel groups to obtain autonomy of the diamond mines.

(C) They have stopped importing diamonds from West Africa.

(1) Only (A) and (C)

(2) Only (b) and (C)

(3) Only (A)

(4) Only (B)

(5) All (A) (B) and (C)

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2. What should be the role of the consumer in avoiding the purchase of ‘Conflict Diamonds’?

(1) Consumers should not buy diamonds from Africa.

(2) Consumers should refrain from wearing all diamond jewelry.

(3) Consumers should switch to other precious gems.

(4) Consumers need not worry as 99% of the diamonds sold are conflict free.

(5) Consumers should always insist on the source of the diamonds.

3. Which of the following is not true of the ‘Kimberley Process’-as given in the passage?

(1) Certification of all rbj & gh diamond exports by legitimate mining and sales activity.

(2) To help consumers identify blood diamonds and prevent their trade.

(3) To campaign for the sale of ‘Conflict Diamonds’.

(4) To trade diamonds only with participant member nations

(5) To increase the number of conflict free diamonds entering the world of diamond trade.

4. The movie ‘Blood Diamond” is a reflection of.

(1) The lives of fishermen in Sierra Leone.

(2) Diamonds that originated from mines under the control of rebel groups.

(3) A happy story of how diamonds have changed the lives of the poor.

(4) Only (2) and (3)

(5) Only (1) and (3)

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5. What are some of the weaknesses of the Kimberley certification process as underlined by the author?

(1) Weak government controls and suspicious shipment of rough diamonds.

(2) Lengthy procedures to be followed in order to acquire the certification.

(3) Ability to trade only with nonmember nations.

(4) Only (1) and (2)

(5) Only (1) and (3)

6. Why are the diamonds that are mined in Sierra Leone called ‘Blood Diamonds’?

(1) The diamond stones are smuggled into the international diamond trade,

(2) It is sold to finance terrorism and other violent acts including civil war.

(3) The rough diamonds are red in color.

(4) The diamonds obtained from Sierra Leone signify freedom

(5) Only (2) and (4)

7. How does the diamond trade help the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) rebel group?

(1) The RUF use the profits made from mined diamonds to fund and buy weapons for their army

(2) The diamond trade helps the i families of the rebel groups.

(3) The profit made by the diamond trade is used to finance their education.

(4) The diamond trade is the only source of finance for the RUF rebels.

(5) The RUF rebel group has complete monopoly over the diamond trade in Sierra Leone,

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8. The flow of conflict diamonds has originated from

(1) Russia 

(2) Africa

(3) America 

(4) South Asia

(5) None of these

9. What are the benefits of the introduction of the ‘Kimberley Process’?

(A) Helps reduce the number of conflict diamonds reaching the International gem markets.

(B) Provides an international certification scheme to ensure that the diamonds are conflict free.

(C) Involved in legitimizing the process of the diamond trade.

(1) Only (A)

(2) Only (B)

(3) Only (C)

(4) Only (A) and (C)

(5) All (A) (B) and (C)

Answer key

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.
3 5 3 2 1 2 1 2 5

 

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Directions for Questions 10 to 12: Choose the word/group of words which is most similar in meaning to the word printed in bold as used in the passage.

10. Abide by

(1) Comprehend

(2) Tolerate 

(3) Agree to

(4) Bid on 

(5) Swear by

11. Phenomenon

(1) Occasion

(2) Event

(3) Undertaking

(4) Disaster

(5) Trend

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12. Fuel

(1) Increase 

(2) Substitute

(3) Energize 

(4) Contribute

(5) Involve

Answer key

10. 11. 12.
3 2 1

 

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Directions for Questions 13 to 15: Choose the word/group of words which is most opposite in meaning to the word printed in bold as used in the passage.

13. Legitimate

(1) Safe 

(2) Risky

(3) Unlawful 

(4) Reasonable

(5) Warranted

14. Fiction

(1) Imagination

(2) Fact

(3) Narration

(4) Fantasy

(5) Plot

15. Opposed

(1) Supported

(2) Repelled

(3) Contradicted

(4) Disparate

(5) Distinct

Answer key

13. 14. 15.
3 2 1

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Also Check,
Reading Comprehension Quiz 01 

Reading Comprehension Quiz 02

Reading Comprehension Quiz 03

Reading Comprehension Quiz 04

Reading Comprehension Quiz 05

Reading Comprehension Quiz 06

Reading Comprehension Quiz 07

Reading Comprehension Quiz 08

Reading Comprehension Quiz 09

That’s all from us. Hope you liked the Reading Comprehension Quiz 10 from our series of Practice Reading Comprehension Quiz. Still Having Doubt? Connect Directly with the English Faculty on our Telegram Group. Install Telegram and join https://t.me/obbanking or click on the image below:Telegram Oliveboard


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