The Hindu Editorial Daily Vocabulary Booster 18 September 2019

Here we are with our Daily Vocabulary Blog for your English Vocabulary building. Go on and read the Hindu Editorial here and then go through the list of difficult words, their meanings, synonyms, antonyms & correct usage of the words taken from the Editorial. Here is your Daily Vocabulary 18 September 2019 blog. 

The Hindu Editorial Daily Vocabulary 18 September 2019



Meanings & Synonyms Antonyms Usage
Allay Diminish or put at rest fear, suspicion,

or worry;

Reduce, Diminish, Decrease,

Lessen, Assuage, Alleviate

Increase, Intensify The government is trying to allay public fears about the spread of the disease.
Battered Injured by repeated blows or punishment;

Beaten, Assaulted,

Thrashed, Hit, Thumped;

of a thing damaged by age and repeated use;

Shabby, Run Down, Worn Out,

Falling to Pieces, Falling Apart, Dilapidated

Undamaged, Unabused, Protected Their battered bodies were found on the morning of Sept. 15, 2014, on a beach on the island of Koh Tao in the Gulf of Thailand
Belligerent Hostile and aggressive;

Threatening, Antagonistic,

Pugnacious, Bellicose, Truculent

Friendly, Peaceable The belligerent countries are having difficulties funding the war.
Bluster Talk in a loud, aggressive, or indignant

way with little effect;

Rant, Thunder

Quiet, Silence, Still, Stillness He was still blustering, but there was panic in his eyes. 
Divisive Tending to cause disagreement or

hostility between people;

Alienating, Estranging, Isolating, Schismatic

Uniting The Vietnam war was an extremely divisive issue in the US
Erratic Not even or regular in pattern or movement; Unpredictable, Inconsistent,

Changeable, Variable, Inconstant, Uncertain, Irregular

Predictable, Consistent She can be very erratic; one day she is friendly and the next she’ll hardly speak to you.
Ex gratia A sum of money paid when there was no obligation or liability to pay it. For example, a lump sum payment over and above the pension benefits of a retiring employee. In insurance claims, it may take the form of payment for which the insurer did not appear to be liable.

Ex gratia is Latin for “out of goodwill.”

  Ex gratia payments were made to all those who had been affected by the spillage.
Hefty Large and heavy;

Burly, Heavy, Sturdy,

Strapping, Bulky, Brawny, Husky

Slight, Gaunt, Light Her salary will go up by a hefty 13 percent.
Hegemony Leadership or dominance,

especially by one state or social group over others;

Dominance, Dominion,

Supremacy, Ascendancy,

Predominance, Primacy

Weakness, Impotence, Impotency, Powerlessness


The three nations competed for regional hegemony.
Obviate Remove a need or difficulty;

Preclude, Prevent, Remove,

Get Rid Of, Do Away With,

Get Around, Rule Out, Eliminate

Abet, Aid, Assist

Ease, Facilitate, Smooth, Unclog


The new medical treatment obviates the need for surgery.
Painstaking Done with or employing great care and


Careful, Meticulous, Thorough,

Assiduous, Sedulous, Attentive

Careless, Negligent, Slapdash It took months of painstaking research to write the book.
Palliative Relieving pain without dealing with the cause of the condition;

Soothing, Alleviating, Sedative,

Calmative, Calming

Intensifying We want long-term solutions, not short-term palliatives.
Recur Occur again periodically or repeatedly;

Happen Again, Reoccur,

Occur Again, Be Repeated

Halt, Stop The theme of freedom recurs throughout her writing.
Resentment Bitter indignation at having been treated unfairly;

Bitterness, Indignation, Irritation,

Pique, Displeasure, Dissatisfaction

Contentment, Happiness She bitterly resented her father’s new wife.
Transcends Be or go beyond the range or limits of a field

of activity or conceptual sphere;

Surpass, Excel, Exceed, Beat,

Trump, Top, Cap, Outdo, Outstrip

Fail, fall behind, Lose



The best films are those which transcend national or cultural barriers.
Unbridled Uncontrolled, Unconstrained Bridled, Checked, Constrained, Controlled, Curbed, Governed, Hampered The crowd was swept with unbridled enthusiasm.
Unprecedented Never done or known before;

Unparalleled, Unequalled,

Unmatched, Unrivalled, Without Parallel, Without Equal

Normal, Common This century has witnessed environmental destruction on an unprecedented scale.
Unravel Investigate and solve or explain something complicated or puzzling;

Solve, Resolve, work out, Clear up, Puzzle out

Complicate You’d better mend that hole before the whole sweater starts to unravel.


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