Customer Demands have sparked intense competition among banks and financial firms to apply information technology to their operations to provide innovative goods and services at lower prices. With increasing competition and threats banks are now seriously looking for Security Considerations like IT Security and Audit. It is very important for aspirants of the JAIIB exam to be aware of the Security Considerations: IT Security & IT Audit. There are two JAIIB exams each year. Security Considerations: IT Security & IT Audit will be discussed in this blog.
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Customer Demands have sparked intense competition among banks and financial firms to apply information technology to their operations to provide innovative goods and services at lower prices. This is especially beneficial for those who are moving to new regions.
- Data and software: Data is a valuable resource that is required to keep a company running. Inaccurate data can also have major consequences on decision-making. The growing availability and usage of expert systems and the potential impact of erroneous data can cause havoc with a company’s operations.
- Infrastructure: Banks must make significant investments to adopt technology-based tools and solutions. Computer and communication system functions require the same hardware components as software and data.
- Peopleware: It refers to a group of people who are directly or indirectly responsible for the administration and operation of digital systems.
Types of Threats
Threats to computerised systems appear as the following:
- Data and software errors and omissions
- Unauthorised release of sensitive information
- Abuse of computers and misappropriation of bank assets
Malicious Damages: Malicious damage to computerised systems can be caused by dissatisfied workers who want to disrupt services or those with nefarious motives who want to use technology to commit fraud for financial gain.
- Interruptions in Services
Accidental Damages: Computers and communications systems have many uses in banking and other financial institutions. However, these systems are subject to harm caused by human error and natural disasters.
- Human Error and Omissions
- Unreliable systems
- Environmental Hazards
Management of hazards linked with IT technologies necessitates the implementation of appropriate control mechanisms.
Physical Control: Physical control refers to applying security measures inside a defined structure to prevent unwanted access to sensitive information.
Internal Control: Internal control is a method used by a company’s board of directors, management, and other employees to offer reasonable confidence that information is accurate, reliable, and timely. Laws, rules, contracts, policies, and procedures must all be followed.
- Accounting Control: Accounting control refers to how processes are set up inside a company to manage risk. The following are the accounting control objectives: To protect assets from being lost. To guarantee that financial statements accurately reflect a company’s financial performance, position, and cash flows.
- Administrative Control: Administrative controls define the human security components. It includes all levels of an organisation’s people and defines which users have access to resources and information through training and awareness. It also includes plans for disaster preparedness and recovery.
Operational Control: Security measures largely implemented and performed by humans are known as operational controls (as opposed to systems). These safeguards are put in place to increase the security of a system (or group of systems).
- Audit Trails: To examine and search for errors or anomalies, an Audit Trail should capture all material events that happen within the border subsystem. Audit Trail Controls try to preserve a chronological history of all events in a system. This record is required to respond to enquiries, meet legislative obligations, discover error implications, and permit system monitoring and adjustment. The following are two types of audit trails that you should include in each subsystem:
An accounting audit trail to keep track of occurrences within the company subsystem.
- An Operations Audit Trail to keep track of attempted and completed operations. Each event in the subsystem consumes a certain amount of resources.
Checksum: IT experts use checksums to identify high-level problems in data transfers. A checksum is a value that indicates the number of bits in a transmission message. A checksum value can be assigned after performing a cryptographic hash function on each piece of data or file before transmission. Data Encryption: Data encryption is the process of converting plaintext (unencrypted) data into ciphertext (encrypted). Users can use an encryption key to access encrypted data and a decryption key to decode encrypted data.
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A. It refers to bank clients receiving unsolicited emails seeking their login, password, and other account information to access their account for whatever reason. When customers click the links to submit their information, they are routed to a false imitation of the genuine bank’s website, and they are unaware that fraud has happened.
A. Threats to computerized systems appear as the following:
– Data and software errors and omissions
– Unauthorized release of sensitive information
– Abuse of computers and misappropriation of bank assets
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