Public Sector Banks And Cooperative Banks | JAIIB Study Notes

State Bank of India and its subsidiaries, Nationalized Banks of India, and Regional Rural Banks are public sector banks under special statutes. This article deals with the Public Sector Banks And Cooperative Banks, their functions, management, business, and concepts important for JAIIB exams.

JAIIB 2024 Foundation Batch

Public Sector Banks And Cooperative Banks

State Bank And Its Subsidiaries

As a nationalized bank, State Bank and its subsidiary banks engage in the business of banking and other permissible banking activities. In 1955 the State Bank Of India Act, Section 3, established the State Bank Of India as the successor to the Imperial Bank Of India. Reserve Bank of India holds the most shares. The Reserve Bank is free to transfer its shares, but cannot do so if doing so would result in reducing its holdings below 50% of the issued capital. Only the Reserve Bank has voting rights above 10%.

Managing Director and Chairman are appointed for a term of five years, with the option to be reappointed at the end of that term. The Government may terminate their employment by giving 3 months’ notice or notice pay in lieu of it after consulting with the Reserve Bank. Nationalized banks and the State Bank act as agents for the Reserve Bank in conducting banking business on behalf of the Central Government.

Subsidiary Banks

  1. SBH State Bank of Hyderabad Act, 1956
  2. SBS Saurashtra State banks (amalgamation) Ordinance, 1950
  3. All other banks State Bank Of India (Subsidiary Banks) Act, 1959

State Bank Of India owns the majority of the shares. The State Bank may freely transfer its shares in accordance with Section 18 of the Act, but State Bank cannot transfer its shares if this would reduce its shareholding to less than 50%.

Management Of Subsidiary Bank

The Board consists of the Chairman of the State Bank (ex-officio chairman), the Managing Director, and other directors. With the approval of the Reserve Bank, the state bank appoints the Managing Director after consulting with the subsidiary bank’s board.

Business Of Subsidiary Bank

Under Section 36 of the SBI Subsidiary Act, a subsidiary bank must act as an agent of the State Bank.

Regional Rural Banks

In 1975, they were created under the RRB Ordinance 1975. The ordinance was later replaced by the RRB Act, 1976. In terms of Section 3 of the RRB Act, the Central Government was authorized to establish RRBs on the request of Sponsor Banks in the official gazette. Capital Issued Ratio (50:35:15) (Cental Government: Sponsor Bank: State Government). Located in limited geographical areas, regional rural banks cater to rural industries, trade, farmers, artisans, and others.

Nationalized Banks

The Bank Nationalisation Act 1970 and Banking Companies (Acquisition and Transfer of Undertaking) Act 1980. Private banks’ undertakings were transferred to the corresponding new banks, commonly referred to as nationalized banks.

Paid-up Capital. Originally, the entire Paid-up Capital of these banks was held by the government. Some of these banks recently issued shares to the public, but the government still holds majority stakes in all of them. The shares, other than the shares held by the Central Government, are freely transferable. SBI Act 4 Divide capital into shares with a face value of Rs.10 each instead of Rs.100

There was a modification to the restriction on voting rights (200 shares only) and a deletion to the restriction on dividend for BC(A&T)3 with an authorized capital of Rs.1,500 crore divided into shares of Rs.10.

The Banking Companies (Acquisition and Transfer of Undertakings)

All public sector banks are governed by their respective, statutes and the rules, regulations, or schemes made under these statutes. In addition to this, these banks are also governed by certain provisions of the Banking Regulation Act, as stipulated in Section 51 of that Act. The provisions of the Reserve Bank of India Act are also applicable to them.

Cooperative Banks

Cooperative banks are cooperative societies that engage in the banking business. The cooperative banks that operate only in one state are governed by the state’s laws on cooperatives.

A cooperative bank operating in more than one state is registered under the multi-state Cooperative Societies Act. Cooperative banks are subject to the Banking Regulation Act as set forth in Section 56, but with certain modifications. Co-operative banks are, in this context, state cooperative banks, central cooperative banks, and primary cooperative banks.

Despite the fact that the bank’s constitution is governed by cooperative laws, the activities of the bank are regulated by the Reserve Bank under the BR Act.

  1. If a cooperative bank operates in only one state the state law applies and in case cooperative banks operate in more than one state, the Central Act applies.
  2. A cooperative bank means a state cooperative bank, a central cooperative bank, and a primary cooperative bank.

The following loans and advances shall not be granted by a cooperative bank:

  1. Loans and advances against its own shares.
  2. Unsecured loans or advances to any of its directors
  3. Directors interest
  4. Unsecured loans and advances in which the Chairman managing agent etc.

We hope this article on Public Sector Banks And Cooperative Banks is helpful to you. Keep watching this space for more IIBF JAIIB Legal and Regulatory Aspects of Banking study notes.

IIBF JAIIB Legal and Regulatory Aspects of Banking Exam Pattern

OrganizationIndian Institute of Banking & Finance (IIBF)
ExamJunior Associate of Indian Institute of Bankers (JAIIB)
Exam NameLegal and Regulatory Aspects of Banking (LRAB)
Total Questions120 Objective – Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)
Total Marks100 Marks
Passing Marks50 Marks
Test Duration2 Hours (120 Minutes)
Exam LanguageEnglish Hindi
Exam ModeOnline (Computer Based Test)
Negative MarkingNot Applicable
Exam FeesJAIIB Legal and Regulatory Aspects of Banking Certification Registration Fees
1st attempt = Rs.2,400/-
2nd attempt = Rs.1,000/-
3rd attempt = Rs.1,000/-
4th attempt = Rs.1,000/-

JAIIB Study Material Compilation

Principles And Practices Of Banking Principles And Practices Of Banking | Study Notes For JAIIB (
Reserve Bank of IndiaReserve Bank of India: Organisation & Functions – Oliveboard
Types Of Shares And Their IssueTypes Of Shares And Their Issue- Types, Classification, Bonus Shares (
Understanding The Balance Sheet And Its FormatUnderstanding The Balance Sheets And It’s Format (
Accounting And Finance For BankersAccounting And Finance For Bankers | Study Notes For JAIIB (
Assets & Liabilities Assets & Liabilities – Meaning, Legal Requirements and more (
Public Sector Banks And Cooperative BanksPublic Sector Banks And Cooperative Banks | JAIIB Study Notes (
Calculation of Interest and AnnuitiesCalculation of Interest and Annuities-Business Mathematics For JAIIB (
Calculation of YTMCalculation of YTM(Yield to Maturity)-Basics of Business Mathematics (
Consumer Protection ActConsumer Protection Act COPRA- Free Pdf Notes for JAIIB 2022 (
Risk and Basic Risk Management FrameworkRisk and Basic Risk Management Framework JAIIB | Oliveboard
Risks in Banking BusinessRisk in Banking Business
Functions of BankFunctions of Bank – Short Notes for JAIIB Exam | Oliveboard
Consumer Protection Act– COPRAConsumer Protection Act– COPRA for JAIIB I Oliveboard
Banking Ombudsman Scheme Banking Ombudsman Scheme for JAIIB I Oliveboard
Essentials of Bank ComputerizationEssentials of Bank Computerization for JAIIB I Oliveboard
Payments and Collecting ChequesPayment and Collection of Cheques and Other Negotiable Instruments for JAIIB I Oliveboard
Data Communication NetworkData Communication Network and EFT Systems for JAIIB I Oliveboard
Technology Upgradation and its impactRole of Technology Upgradation and its impact on Banks JAIIB I Oliveboard
Foreign Exchange ArithmeticForeign Exchange Arithmetic Free Ebook for JAIIB I Oliveboard
Indian Financial System- OverviewIndian Financial System- Overview for JAIIB I Oliveboard
Security Considerations Security Considerations: IT Security & IT Audit for JAIIB I Oliveboard  
Capital Budgeting Capital Budgeting: Features, Methods and Process For JAIIB I Oliveboard
Depreciation and its accountingDepreciation and Its Accounting for JAIIB I Oliveboard
Functions of Bank Functions of Bank- Relationships, Norms & Others
SARFAESI Act 2002SARFAESI Act, 2002: Facts and Method of Working for JAIIB I Oliveboard
Bankers’ Special RelationshipBankers’ Special Relationship for JAIIB I Oliveboard

Also Read:

  1. JAIIB Exam Analysis 2022 I Paper 2 – AFB I Feb 2022
  2. JAIIB Exam Analysis 2022 I Paper 1 – PPB I Feb 2022
  3. Preparation Tips for JAIIB Exam- Last Minute Strategy
  4. JAIIB Revision Plan- Last 10 Days Plan
  5. JAIIB Frequently Asked Questions- 2022| Check Here (
  6. JAIIB Genius | JAIIB Weekly Quiz PDF – JAIIB Questions PDF (
  7. JAIIB Full Form – Junior Associate of the Indian Institute of Bankers (
  8. JAIIB and CAIIB Books- Exams Syllabus, Books, and more (

Also Check:

  1. JAIIB 2022 Exam -Notification Released (
  2. JAIIB Notification 2022 – Notification PDF, Eligibility, (
  3. JAIIB Apply Online – Application Form 2022, Fees, Instru (
  4. JAIIB Eligibility – Age, Degree, Nationality, Members (
  5. JAIIB Syllabus – Complete List of Papers, Modules (
  6. JAIIB Exam Pattern 2022 – Details of Pattern, Marking (
  7. JAIIB Admit Card November 2022 – Steps and Direct Download (
  8. JAIIB 2022 Cut Offs – Check JAIIB Minimum Cut Off (
When was the first law, regulating the working of cooperative societies, was promulgated by British India Government?


Where was the first society under Cooperative Societies Act 1904 registered in India?


Who regulates the functioning of District Cooperative Banks in India?



Leave a comment

Download 500+ Free Ebooks (Limited Offer)👉👉