Home > Articles > Environment notes for UPSC: 5 Things to Know Part 1

Environment notes for UPSC: 5 Things to Know Part 1

Environment notes - things to know

We at Oliveboard are bringing you a new series of blogs titled – “Things to Know” to help you with UPSC preparation. This Blogs will contain important concepts, events, facts, terms, etc which a UPSC aspirant must be aware of. The Part 1 of the series is important concepts and terms for Environment Notes of UPSC.

UPSC: Environment notes – Things to Know Part 1

1) Bio-Piracy:

It is the practice of commercially exploiting naturally occurring biochemical or genetic material, especially by obtaining patents that restrict its future use, while failing to pay fair compensation to the community from which it originates. (source – https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/biopiracy)

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2) Biodiversity Banking:

It involves conservation activities that compensate for the loss of biodiversity with the goal of biodiversity maintenance through a framework which allows biodiversity to be reliably measured, and market-based solutions applied to improving biodiversity. Biodiversity banking provides a means to place a monetary value on ecosystem services. (source – Wikipedia)

3) Yoga Piracy:

Yoga piracy is the practice whereby those who profit from yoga claim copyrights on specific yoga postures and practices. Typically, accusations of yoga piracy are made against Western fitness-focused individuals or organizations who claim copyright on certain yogic practices in their home countries. (source – https://www.yogapedia.com/definition/5223/yoga-piracy)

4) Bio Accumulation and Biomagnification:

Bioaccumulation is defined as an increase in the concentration of a pollutant from the environment to the first organism in a food chain. Biomagnification happens when there is an increase in the concentration of a pollutant from one link in a food chain to another. For biomagnification to occur, the pollutant must be – long-lived, mobile, soluble in fats and biologically active. (source – https://w3.marietta.edu/~biol/102/2bioma95.html)

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5) Satayoma:

It is the term given to the technique by which management of forests is done through the local communities in Japan. In Japan, the meaning of word ‘Satayoma’ is an area between mountain foothills and arable flat land. The technique involves agricultural practices which aid in the preservation of forest areas.(source wikipedia)

 

UPSC: Environment notes – Things to Know: Question 1

Q1: Consider the following statements:

1) Bio-Piracy is a practice of commercially exploiting artificially occurring biochemical or genetic material.

2) Bio-Piracy is done by obtaining Patents that restrict its future use.

Which of the above statements is/are CORRECT?

Options:

(A) Only 1

(B) Only 2

(C) Both 1 and 2

(D) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: Option (B).

 

UPSC: Environment notes – Things to Know: Question 2

Q2: Which of the following provides the means to place a monetary value on ecosystem services?

Options:

(A) Green Banking

(B) Rural Banking

(C) Islamic Banking

(D) Biodiversity Banking

Answer: Option (D)

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UPSC: Environment notes – Things to Know: Question 3

Q3: “Yoga Piracy” is done by.

Options:

(A) Performing Yoga Postures without permission

(B) Claiming copyrights on specific yoga postures and practices.

(C) Both A and B

(D) Neither A nor B

Answer: Option (B)

 

UPSC: Environment notes – Things to Know: Question 4

Q4: Consider the following statements:

  1. Biomagnification: An increase in the concentration of a pollutant from the environment to the first organism in a food chain.
  2. Bioaccumulation: An increase in the concentration of a pollutant from one link in a food chain to another.

Which of the above statements is/are FALSE?

Options:

(A) Only 1

(B) Only 2

(C) Both 1 and 2

(D) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: Option (C).

 

UPSC: Environment notes – Things to Know: Question 5

Q5: Consider the following statements about “Satayoma”:

  1. It was first practised in South Korea
  2. It carried in coastal regions

Which of the above statements is/are TRUE?

Options:

(A) Only 1

(B) Only 2

(C) Both 1 and 2

(D) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: Option (D)

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We Hope you Liked the first Part of the series “Things to Know: Environment notes for UPSC”.

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All the Best for UPSC 2019 Exam

 

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